Link to NCBI Front Page Taxonomy Logo
Entrez PubMed Nucleotide Protein Genome Structure PMC Taxonomy BioCollections
Taxonomy browser (Triticum aestivum)

Triticum aestivum

Taxonomy ID: 4565 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid4565)
current name
Triticum aestivum L., 1753, nom. cons. 1) in [Linnaeus C (1753c)]
homotypic synonym:
Triticum aestivum subsp. aestivum
Genbank common name: bread wheat
NCBI BLAST name: monocots
Rank: species
Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard)
Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard)
Plastid genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid)
Other names:
heterotypic synonym
Triticum vulgare Vill., 1787, nom. illeg., nom. superfl. 2),3) in [Villars D (1787)]
common name(s) Canadian hard winter wheat, common wheat, wheat
Lineage( abbreviated )
Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliopsida; Liliopsida; Poales; Poaceae; BOP clade; Pooideae; Triticodae; Triticeae; Triticinae; Triticum
   Entrez records   
Database name Subtree links Direct links
Nucleotide 2,823,862 2,823,699
Protein 306,489 306,041
Structure 104 104
Genome 1 1
Popset 493 491
GEO Datasets 6,669 6,669
PubMed Central 22,811 22,811
Gene 156,109 156,109
SRA Experiments 119,450 119,326
Protein Clusters 78 78
Identical Protein Groups 194,811 194,771
BioProject 1,746 1,742
BioSample 71,388 71,307
Assembly 54 53
PubChem BioAssay 405 405
Taxonomy 19 1


Comments and References:

Linnaeus C (1753c)
Linnaeus C. 1753. [No title available]. Species Plantarum; 1
Villars D (1787)
Villars D. 1787. [No title available]. Histoire des Plantes de Dauphiné: Contenant une Préface Historique, un Dictionnaire des Termes de Botanique, les Classes, les Familles, les Genres, & les Herborisations des Environs de Grenoble, de la Grande Chartreuse, de Briançon, de Gap & de Montelimar. Paris; 2
image:Triticum aestivum
TROPICOS (Oct 19, 2009)
Name verified on 19 October 2009, in: Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008 - 4344 Shaw Boulevard, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110, U.S.A. on line at:
Soreng RJ et al. 2003 & on
Soreng RJ, G Davidse, PM Peterson, FO Zuloaga, EJ Judziewicz, TS Filgueiras & O Morrone 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. Internet Catalogue of New World Grasses

Genome Information

Go to NCBI genomic BLAST page for Triticum aestivum

External Information Resources (NCBI LinkOut)

LinkOut Subject LinkOut Provider
Triticum aestivum taxonomy taxonomy/phylogenetic Arctos Specimen Database
Triticum aestivum images images
2 records from this provider supplemental materials Dryad Digital Repository
14 records from this provider organism-specific Genomes On Line Database
Show Biotic Interactions taxonomy/phylogenetic Global Biotic Interactions
Related Immune Epitope Information gene/protein/disease-specific Immune Epitope Database and Analysis Resource
Triticum aestivum L. taxonomy/phylogenetic Integrated Taxonomic Information System
Triticum aestivum taxonomy/phylogenetic Lifemap
2 records from this provider taxonomy/phylogenetic NCBI taxonomy bookmarks
OMA taxonomy/phylogenetic OMA Browser: Orthologous MAtrix
Triticum vulgare L. taxonomy/phylogenetic Ocean Biogeographic Information System
Triticum aestivum taxonomy/phylogenetic PLANTS Database (USDA/NRCS)
Triticum aestivum (L.) herbarium/museum collections PlantaeDB, University of Bucharest
2 records from this provider taxonomy/phylogenetic Plants of the World Online
2 records from this provider taxonomy/phylogenetic The International Plant Names Index
3 records from this provider taxonomy/phylogenetic USDA-ARS GRIN Taxonomy
search W3TROPICOS taxonomy/phylogenetic Vascular Tropicos
WebScipio: Triticum aestivum organism-specific WebScipio - eukaryotic gene identification
4 records from this provider organism-specific diArk - a resource for eukaryotic genome research
Wikipedia taxonomy/phylogenetic iPhylo
Groups interested in participating in the LinkOut program should visit the LinkOut home page.
A list of our current non-bibliographic LinkOut providers can be found here.

Information from sequence entries

Show organism modifiers

Disclaimer: The NCBI taxonomy database is not an authoritative source for nomenclature or classification - please consult the relevant scientific literature for the most reliable information.

Reference: How to cite this resource - Schoch CL, et al. NCBI Taxonomy: a comprehensive update on curation, resources and tools. Database (Oxford). 2020: baaa062. PubMed: 32761142 PMC: PMC7408187.

Comments and questions to

[Help] [Search] [NLM NIH] [Disclaimer]