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    RRAS2 RAS related 2 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 22800, updated on 5-Feb-2024

    Summary

    Official Symbol
    RRAS2provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    RAS related 2provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:17271
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000133818 MIM:600098; AllianceGenome:HGNC:17271
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    NS12; TC21
    Summary
    This gene encodes a member of the R-Ras subfamily of Ras-like small GTPases. The encoded protein associates with the plasma membrane and may function as a signal transducer. This protein may play an important role in activating signal transduction pathways that control cell proliferation. Mutations in this gene are associated with the growth of certain tumors. Pseudogenes of this gene are found on chromosomes 1 and 2. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2010]
    Expression
    Ubiquitous expression in small intestine (RPKM 12.4), kidney (RPKM 11.9) and 25 other tissues See more
    Orthologs
    NEW
    Try the new Gene table
    Try the new Transcript table

    Genomic context

    See RRAS2 in Genome Data Viewer
    Location:
    11p15.2
    Exon count:
    11
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 11 NC_000011.10 (14277920..14364506, complement)
    RS_2023_10 current T2T-CHM13v2.0 (GCF_009914755.1) 11 NC_060935.1 (14373520..14459786, complement)
    105.20220307 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 11 NC_000011.9 (14299466..14386052, complement)

    Chromosome 11 - NC_000011.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC124902637 Neighboring gene NANOG hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr11:13987555-13988073 Neighboring gene spondin 1 Neighboring gene NANOG hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr11:14043232-14043739 Neighboring gene NANOG hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr11:14165203-14165715 Neighboring gene RNA, 5S ribosomal pseudogene 332 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 134 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr11:14252080-14252666 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 4468 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr11:14280438-14280962 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr11:14280963-14281486 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 4469 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 4470 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 4471 Neighboring gene OCT4-NANOG-H3K27ac hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr11:14362237-14362911 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr11:14373862-14374748 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr11:14374749-14375635 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 4472 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 3170 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 3171 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 3172 Neighboring gene NANOG hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr11:14385715-14386272 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 2156 Neighboring gene OCT4-NANOG hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr11:14428638-14429316 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr11:14443710-14444362 Neighboring gene 60S ribosomal protein L13a-like Neighboring gene RNA, U7 small nuclear 49 pseudogene Neighboring gene COPI coat complex subunit beta 1

    Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

    Expression

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

    Bibliography

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

    What's a GeneRIF?

    Phenotypes

    Associated conditions

    Description Tests
    Noonan syndrome 12
    MedGen: C5231432 OMIM: 618624 GeneReviews: Noonan Syndrome
    Compare labs

    EBI GWAS Catalog

    Description
    A genome-wide association study in the genetic analysis of idiopathic thrombophilia project suggests sex-specific regulation of mitochondrial DNA levels.
    EBI GWAS Catalog
    Genome-wide association study of the rate of cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease.
    EBI GWAS Catalog
    Genome-wide association study of vitamin D levels in children: replication in the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) study.
    EBI GWAS Catalog

    HIV-1 interactions

    Replication interactions

    Interaction Pubs
    Knockdown of related RAS viral (r-ras) oncogene homolog 2 (RRAS2) by shRNA library screening inhibits HIV-1 replication in cultured Jurkat T-cells PubMed

    Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

    Pathways from PubChem

    Interactions

    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    General gene information

    Markers

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    enables GDP binding IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    enables GTP binding IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    enables GTPase activity IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    enables GTPase activity IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    enables protein binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 

    General protein information

    Preferred Names
    ras-related protein R-Ras2
    Names
    ras-like protein TC21
    related RAS viral (r-ras) oncogene homolog 2
    teratocarcinoma oncogene
    NP_001096139.1
    NP_001170785.1
    NP_001170786.1
    NP_036382.2
    XP_016872852.1
    XP_047282523.1
    XP_047282524.1
    XP_054224023.1
    XP_054224024.1
    XP_054224025.1

    NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

    NEW Try the new Transcript table

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    Genomic

    1. NG_017058.1 RefSeqGene

      Range
      10324..91585
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_001102669.2NP_001096139.1  ras-related protein R-Ras2 isoform b

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001096139.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (2) differs in the 5' UTR and 5' coding region, compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (b) is shorter at the N-terminus compared to isoform a. Both variants 2 and 4 encode the same isoform (b).
      Source sequence(s)
      AA873016, AC011084, AK309683, BG428983, BQ020351, BQ023701
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS44544.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P62070
      Related
      ENSP00000434104.1, ENST00000526063.5
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      cl38936
      Location:199
      P-loop_NTPase; P-loop containing Nucleoside Triphosphate Hydrolases
    2. NM_001177314.2NP_001170785.1  ras-related protein R-Ras2 isoform c

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001170785.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (3) differs in the 5' UTR and 5' coding region and initiates translation at an alternate start codon, compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (b) is shorter and has a distinct N-terminus compared to isoform a.
      Source sequence(s)
      AA873016, AK300103, BQ020351, BQ023701
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS53603.1
      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      E9PK85
      Related
      ENSP00000437547.1, ENST00000537760.5
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      cl38936
      Location:2141
      P-loop_NTPase; P-loop containing Nucleoside Triphosphate Hydrolases
    3. NM_001177315.1NP_001170786.1  ras-related protein R-Ras2 isoform b

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001170786.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (4) differs in the 5' UTR and 5' coding region, compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (b) is shorter at the N-terminus compared to isoform a. Both variants 2 and 4 encode the same isoform (b).
      Source sequence(s)
      AA873016, AK309550, BQ020351, BQ023701
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS44544.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P62070
      Related
      ENSP00000431954.1, ENST00000532814.5
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      cl38936
      Location:199
      P-loop_NTPase; P-loop containing Nucleoside Triphosphate Hydrolases
    4. NM_012250.6NP_036382.2  ras-related protein R-Ras2 isoform a

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_036382.2

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longest transcript and encodes the longest isoform (a).
      Source sequence(s)
      AA873016, AK309683, AK313976, BQ020351, BQ023701
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS7814.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      B2R9Z3, B7Z5Z2, B7Z6C4, B7Z7H6, P17082, P62070
      Related
      ENSP00000256196.4, ENST00000256196.9
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      cd04145
      Location:13176
      M_R_Ras_like; R-Ras2/TC21, M-Ras/R-Ras3

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: GCF_000001405.40-RS_2023_10

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000011.10 Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

      Range
      14277920..14364506 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. XM_047426567.1XP_047282523.1  ras-related protein R-Ras2 isoform X2

      Related
      ENSP00000403282.2, ENST00000414023.6
    2. XM_017017363.2XP_016872852.1  ras-related protein R-Ras2 isoform X1

      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      E9PK85
    3. XM_047426568.1XP_047282524.1  ras-related protein R-Ras2 isoform X2

    Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

    Genomic

    1. NC_060935.1 Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

      Range
      14373520..14459786 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. XM_054368049.1XP_054224024.1  ras-related protein R-Ras2 isoform X2

    2. XM_054368048.1XP_054224023.1  ras-related protein R-Ras2 isoform X1

      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      E9PK85
    3. XM_054368050.1XP_054224025.1  ras-related protein R-Ras2 isoform X2