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    ATXN10 ataxin 10 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 25814, updated on 1-Mar-2024

    Summary

    Official Symbol
    ATXN10provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    ataxin 10provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:10549
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000130638 MIM:611150; AllianceGenome:HGNC:10549
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    E46L; ATX10; SCA10; HUMEEP
    Summary
    This gene encodes a protein that may function in neuron survival, neuron differentiation, and neuritogenesis. These roles may be carried out via activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade. Expansion of an ATTCT repeat from 9-32 copies to 800-4500 copies in an intronic region of this locus has been associated with spinocerebellar ataxia, type 10. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described.[provided by RefSeq, Jul 2016]
    Expression
    Ubiquitous expression in brain (RPKM 40.8), thyroid (RPKM 30.3) and 25 other tissues See more
    Orthologs
    NEW
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    Genomic context

    See ATXN10 in Genome Data Viewer
    Location:
    22q13.31
    Exon count:
    14
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 22 NC_000022.11 (45671834..45845307)
    RS_2023_10 current T2T-CHM13v2.0 (GCF_009914755.1) 22 NC_060946.1 (46156561..46330004)
    105.20220307 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 22 NC_000022.10 (46067714..46241187)

    Chromosome 22 - NC_000022.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105373069 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105373067 Neighboring gene CDK7 strongly-dependent group 2 enhancer GRCh37_chr22:46034441-46035640 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 13882 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 13883 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105373068 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:46044567-46045067 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 13884 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 13885 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 13886 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid active region 19229 Neighboring gene ReSE screen-validated silencer GRCh37_chr22:46145933-46146130 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:46153547-46154545 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:46158531-46159124 Neighboring gene OCT4-NANOG hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:46164292-46164865 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 13887 Neighboring gene microRNA 4762 Neighboring gene ATAC-STARR-seq lymphoblastoid silent region 13888 Neighboring gene origin of replication for ATXN10 repeat region Neighboring gene ataxin 10 repeat instability region Neighboring gene TRNT1 pseudogene 2 Neighboring gene VISTA enhancer hs1559 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105373071 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:46263223-46263797 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC107985535 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:46275792-46276707 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:46276708-46277622 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:46291489-46292372 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:46292373-46293254 Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:46331075-46331575 Neighboring gene Wnt family member 7B Neighboring gene H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:46358809-46359309 Neighboring gene H3K27ac-H3K4me1 hESC enhancer GRCh37_chr22:46362863-46363759 Neighboring gene P300/CBP strongly-dependent group 1 enhancer GRCh37_chr22:46364456-46365655

    Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

    Expression

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

    Bibliography

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

    What's a GeneRIF?

    HIV-1 interactions

    Protein interactions

    Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
    Vpu vpu HIV-1 Vpu is identified to have a physical interaction with ataxin 10 (ATXN10) in human HEK293 and/or Jurkat cell lines by using affinity tagging and purification mass spectrometry analyses PubMed

    Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

    Pathways from PubChem

    Interactions

    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    General gene information

    Markers

    Clone Names

    • FLJ37990

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    enables protein binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    involved_in cilium assembly IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    involved_in nervous system development IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    involved_in neuron projection development IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    involved_in neuron projection development IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    located_in cytoplasm IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    is_active_in cytosol IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    located_in cytosol IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
     
    located_in dendrite IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    located_in extracellular space HDA PubMed 
    located_in membrane HDA PubMed 
    located_in neuronal cell body IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    located_in perinuclear region of cytoplasm IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    located_in plasma membrane IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
     

    General protein information

    Preferred Names
    ataxin-10
    Names
    brain protein E46 homolog
    spinocerebellar ataxia type 10 protein

    NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

    NEW Try the new Transcript table

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    Genomic

    1. NG_016212.2 RefSeqGene

      Range
      5037..178510
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_001167621.2NP_001161093.1  ataxin-10 isoform 2

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001161093.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (2) lacks an in-frame exon in the 5' coding region, compared to variant 1. This results in a shorter protein (isoform 2), compared to isoform 1.
      Source sequence(s)
      AK095309, AK294348, BC007508, DB548216, R43701
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS54540.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q9UBB4
      Related
      ENSP00000370449.4, ENST00000381061.8
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      pfam09759
      Location:306403
      Atx10homo_assoc; Spinocerebellar ataxia type 10 protein domain
    2. NM_013236.4NP_037368.1  ataxin-10 isoform 1

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_037368.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longer transcript and encodes the longer isoform (1).
      Source sequence(s)
      AK095309, BC007508, DB035174, DB548216, R43701
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS14070.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      A6NLC4, B4DG05, O14998, O15009, Q6I9X4, Q9UBB4
      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      Q7Z524
      Related
      ENSP00000252934.4, ENST00000252934.10
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      pfam09759
      Location:370467
      Atx10homo_assoc; Spinocerebellar ataxia type 10 protein domain

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: GCF_000001405.40-RS_2023_10

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000022.11 Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

      Range
      45671834..45845307
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. XM_047441314.1XP_047297270.1  ataxin-10 isoform X1

    Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

    Genomic

    1. NC_060946.1 Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

      Range
      46156561..46330004
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. XM_054325488.1XP_054181463.1  ataxin-10 isoform X1