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    CYP11B1 cytochrome P450 family 11 subfamily B member 1 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 1584, updated on 17-Jun-2024

    Summary

    Official Symbol
    CYP11B1provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    cytochrome P450 family 11 subfamily B member 1provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:2591
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000160882 MIM:610613; AllianceGenome:HGNC:2591
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    FHI; CPN1; CYP11B; P450C11
    Summary
    This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the mitochondrial inner membrane and is involved in the conversion of progesterone to cortisol in the adrenal cortex. Mutations in this gene cause congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 11-beta-hydroxylase deficiency. Transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been noted for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
    Expression
    Restricted expression toward adrenal (RPKM 1098.5) See more
    Orthologs
    NEW
    Try the new Gene table
    Try the new Transcript table

    Genomic context

    See CYP11B1 in Genome Data Viewer
    Location:
    8q24.3
    Exon count:
    9
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    RS_2023_10 current GRCh38.p14 (GCF_000001405.40) 8 NC_000008.11 (142872357..142879825, complement)
    RS_2023_10 current T2T-CHM13v2.0 (GCF_009914755.1) 8 NC_060932.1 (144015692..144023160, complement)
    105.20220307 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 8 NC_000008.10 (143953773..143961241, complement)

    Chromosome 8 - NC_000008.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchored molecule like Neighboring gene zinc finger HIT-type containing 1 pseudogene 1 Neighboring gene CYP11B1 recombination region Neighboring gene CYP11B1 promoter Neighboring gene CYP11B2 recombination region Neighboring gene cytochrome P450 family 11 subfamily B member 2 Neighboring gene CYP11B2 promoter Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105375794

    Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

    Expression

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

    Bibliography

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

    What's a GeneRIF?

    Pathways from PubChem

    Interactions

    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    General gene information

    Markers

    Clone Names

    • FLJ36771, DKFZp686B05283

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    enables corticosterone 18-monooxygenase activity IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    enables heme binding IC
    Inferred by Curator
    more info
    PubMed 
    enables iron ion binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    enables steroid 11-beta-monooxygenase activity IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    enables steroid 11-beta-monooxygenase activity IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    enables steroid 11-beta-monooxygenase activity IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    enables steroid 11-beta-monooxygenase activity TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    involved_in C21-steroid hormone biosynthetic process IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    involved_in aldosterone biosynthetic process IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    involved_in aldosterone biosynthetic process IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    involved_in aldosterone biosynthetic process IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    involved_in cellular response to hormone stimulus IEP
    Inferred from Expression Pattern
    more info
    PubMed 
    involved_in cellular response to peptide hormone stimulus IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    involved_in cellular response to potassium ion IEP
    Inferred from Expression Pattern
    more info
    PubMed 
    involved_in cholesterol metabolic process IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    involved_in cortisol biosynthetic process IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    involved_in cortisol biosynthetic process IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    involved_in cortisol metabolic process IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    involved_in glucocorticoid biosynthetic process IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    involved_in glucocorticoid biosynthetic process TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    involved_in glucose homeostasis TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    involved_in immune response TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    involved_in regulation of blood pressure IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    involved_in sterol metabolic process TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    is_active_in mitochondrial inner membrane IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
     
    located_in mitochondrial inner membrane IC
    Inferred by Curator
    more info
    PubMed 
    located_in mitochondrial inner membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    located_in mitochondrion IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 

    General protein information

    Preferred Names
    cytochrome P450 11B1, mitochondrial
    Names
    cytochrome P-450c11
    cytochrome P450, family 11, subfamily B, polypeptide 1
    cytochrome P450, subfamily XIB (steroid 11-beta-hydroxylase), polypeptide 1
    cytochrome P450C11
    cytochrome p450 XIB1
    steroid 11-beta-hydroxylase, CYP11B1
    steroid 11-beta-monooxygenase
    NP_000488.3
    NP_001021384.1

    NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

    NEW Try the new Transcript table

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    Genomic

    1. NG_007954.1 RefSeqGene

      Range
      4996..12464
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_000497.4NP_000488.3  cytochrome P450 11B1, mitochondrial isoform 1 precursor

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_000488.3

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (1) encodes the longer isoform (1).
      Source sequence(s)
      AC083841, AF478474, BX647738, X55764
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS6392.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P15538, Q14095, Q4VAQ8, Q4VAQ9, Q9UML2
      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      Q8TDD0
      Related
      ENSP00000292427.5, ENST00000292427.10
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      pfam00067
      Location:42454
      p450; Cytochrome P450
    2. NM_001026213.1NP_001021384.1  cytochrome P450 11B1, mitochondrial isoform 2 precursor

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001021384.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (2) lacks an in-frame coding exon compared to transcript variant 1. This results in an isoform (2) that is missing a 66 aa segment compared to isoform 1.
      Source sequence(s)
      BC096286, BC096287, BX647738
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS34953.1
      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      Q8TDD0
      Related
      ENSP00000428043.1, ENST00000517471.5
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      pfam00067
      Location:42400
      p450; Cytochrome P450

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: GCF_000001405.40-RS_2023_10

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000008.11 Reference GRCh38.p14 Primary Assembly

      Range
      142872357..142879825 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

    Genomic

    1. NC_060932.1 Alternate T2T-CHM13v2.0

      Range
      144015692..144023160 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)