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Series GSE115351 Query DataSets for GSE115351
Status Public on Jun 04, 2019
Title Mutating Zta (182N) changes sequence specific DNA binding (5mC + 5hmC)
Platform organism synthetic construct
Sample organism human gammaherpesvirus 4
Experiment type Other
Summary The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) bZIP transcription factor (TF) Zta is a sequence-specific DNA binding protein that recognizes both unmethylated and methylated DNA. To study the contribution of the conserved N182 amino acid to sequence specific Zta DNA binding, we replaced it with five other amino acids: serine (S), glutamine (Q), threonine (T), isoleucine (I), or valine (V). We used protein binding microarrays (PBMs) to evaluate sequence-specific DNA binding to four types of double-stranded DNA: 1) DNA with cytosine in both strands (DNA(C|C), 2) DNA with 5-methylcytosine (5mC, M) in one strand and cytosine in the second strand (DNA(5mC|C)), 3) DNA with 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC, H) in one strand and cytosine in the second strand (DNA(5hmC|C)), and 4) DNA with methylated cytosine in both strands in all CG dinucleotides (DNA(5mCG)). With unmethylated DNA, Zta(N182S) binds variants of the consensus TRE (TGA-G/C-TCA) motif, such as TGA-G/C-TGA and TCA-G/C-TGA where C at position 3 is replaced with G in one or both half sites of the motif. Zta(N182S) also binds stronger to DNAs containing modified cytosines compared to wildtype. Zta(N182Q) binds new sequences containing GTAA with DNA(C|C), DNA(5mC|C) and DNA(5hmC|C) where C at position 3 is replaced with A. Zta(N182I) and Zta(N182V) bind sequence specifically to DNA(5mC|C), and weakly with all other types of DNA examined. Zta(N182T) DNA binding is weaker to all types of DNA examined. Our data highlight that mutation of ZtaN182 with the hydrophilic amino acids serine and glutamine alters Zta sequence specific DNA binding, while mutation with hydrophobic amino acids (I and V) increases binding to DNA(5mC|C).

Overall design Protein binding microarray (PBM) experiments were performed for the DNA binding domain of the Epstein Barr Virus Zta protein and for 5 mutant constructs of Zta in which the asparagine (N) at position 182 of wild type Zta was changed to serine (N182S), glutamine (N182Q), threonine (N182T), isoleucine (N182I), or valine (N182V). Briefly, the PBMs involved binding GST-tagged DNA-binding proteins to double-stranded and methylated or unmethylated 44K Agilent microarrays, containing a DeBruijn sequence design, in order to determine their sequence preferences. Details of the methylated PBM protocol are described in Mann et al., Genome Research, 2013
Contributor(s) Tillo D
Citation(s) 35036684
Submission date Jun 05, 2018
Last update date Jan 20, 2022
Contact name Desiree Tillo
Phone +1-240-760-7289
Organization name NIH/NCI
Street address 41 Center Dr, Room D310
City Bethesda
State/province MD
ZIP/Postal code 20892
Country USA
Platforms (1)
GPL24408 Agilent custom HK design array v2[8mer]
Samples (34)
GSM3176390 Zta_N182I_C_rep1 (mC + 5hmC)
GSM3176391 Zta_N182I_C_rep2 (mC + 5hmC)
GSM3176392 Zta_N182S_C_rep1 (mC + 5hmC)
BioProject PRJNA474676

Download family Format
SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE115351_RAW.tar 36.6 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of TXT)
Processed data included within Sample table

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