GEO Logo
   NCBI > GEO > Accession DisplayHelp Not logged in | LoginHelp
GEO help: Mouse over screen elements for information.
Series GSE141597 Query DataSets for GSE141597
Status Public on Jun 01, 2021
Title Naked1 targets Topless to up-regulate Auxin signaling and suppress immunity
Organism Arabidopsis thaliana
Experiment type Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing
Summary Plants integrate endogenous and environmental signals to regulate growth and developmental programs by the use different hormonal pathways. Perception of Pathogen/Microbial Associated Molecular Patterns (PAMPs/MAMPs) from invading microorganisms triggers a series of defense reactions known as Pathogen Triggered Immunity (PTI) that inhibit growth promoting signaling pathways such as auxin signaling. On the contrary, pathogens manipulate growth signaling and metabolism to promote disease susceptibility, but how this hormone acts on immunity is not fully understood. Ustilago maydis is a fungal pathogen of maize. Infected plants show formation of galls, masses of undifferentiated tissue, and upregulation of auxin signaling. Here we show that a secreted protein from U. maydis, the effector Naked1 (Nkd1), translocates into the host nucleus where it interacts with members of the Topless/Topless related family of transcriptional co-repressors. Nkd1 binds to TPL/TPRs through its native EAR motif and prevents recruitment of transcriptional repressors involved in hormonal signaling, leading to the de-repression of jasmonic acid and auxin responsive genes. We show that up-regulation of auxin signaling leads to inhibition of PAMP-triggered ROS burst, one of the earliest PTI responses, and increased susceptibility to pathogens. Thus, establishing a clear mechanism for auxin-induced pathogen susceptibility. Using engineered variants of Nkd1, with altered affinity/specificity to TPL/TPRs, we show that increased EAR-mediated binding triggers typical salicylic acid mediated defense reactions, leading to pathogen resistance.
Overall design mRNA expression levels were evaluated upon transgene induction. Transgene expression was induced as described above and mRNA levels of seedlings expressing effector proteins (Nkd1, Nkd1ΔEAR and Nkd1SRDX) were compared to those of seedling expressing mCherry (control). Three biological replicates were done for each construct and time-point.
Contributor(s) Navarrete F, Darino MA
Citation(s) 35529945
Submission date Dec 06, 2019
Last update date May 11, 2022
Contact name Fernando Navarrete
Organization name Gregor Mendel Institute
Street address Dr. Bohr Gasse 3
City Vienna
State/province Vienna
ZIP/Postal code 1030
Country Austria
Platforms (1)
GPL19580 Illumina NextSeq 500 (Arabidopsis thaliana)
Samples (24)
GSM4209365 Nkd1.5h.rep1
GSM4209366 Nkd1.5h.rep2
GSM4209367 Nkd1.5h.rep3
BioProject PRJNA594026
SRA SRP234996

Download family Format
SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE141597_24samples.TAIR10_PC.raw_counts.featureCounts.txt.gz 1004.2 Kb (ftp)(http) TXT
SRA Run SelectorHelp
Raw data are available in SRA
Processed data are available on Series record

| NLM | NIH | GEO Help | Disclaimer | Accessibility |
NCBI Home NCBI Search NCBI SiteMap