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Series GSE198736 Query DataSets for GSE198736
Status Public on Mar 19, 2022
Title Non-Transgenic Guinea Pig Strains Exhibit Hallmarks of Human Brain Aging and Alzheimer’s Disease
Organism Cavia porcellus
Experiment type Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing
Summary Older age is the primary risk factor for most chronic diseases, including Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Current preclinical models to study brain aging and AD are mainly transgenic and harbor mutations intended to mirror brain pathologies associated with human brain aging/AD (e.g., by increasing production of amyloid precursor protein, amyloid beta [Aβ], and/or phosphorylated tau, all of which are key pathological mediators of AD). Although these models may provide insight on pathophysiological processes in AD, none completely recapitulate the disease and its strong age-dependence, and there has been limited success in translating preclinical results and treatments to humans. Here, we describe two non-transgenic guinea pig (GP) models, a standard PigmEnTed (PET) strain and lesser-studied Dunkin-Hartley (DH) strain, that may naturally mimic key features of brain aging and AD in humans. We show that brain aging in PET GP is transcriptomically similar to human brain aging, whereas older DH brains are transcriptomically more similar to human AD. Both strains/models also exhibit increased neurofilament light chain (NFL, a marker of neuronal damage) with aging, and DH animals display greater S100 calcium-binding protein B (S100β), ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule 1 (Iba1), and Aβ and phosphorylated tau— which are all important markers of neuroinflammation-associated AD. Collectively, our results suggest that both the PET and DH GP may be useful, non-transgenic models to study brain aging and AD, respectively.
 
Overall design PolyA RNA-seq on cortex isolated from Pigmented and Hartley Guinea Pigs at 5 and 15 months of age.
 
Contributor(s) Wahl D, LaRocca T
Citation(s) 35323931
Submission date Mar 16, 2022
Last update date Jun 18, 2022
Contact name Devin Wahl
E-mail(s) devin.wahl@colostate.edu
Phone 7193545259
Organization name Colorado State University
Street address 1582 Campus Delivery, Moby Reception
City Fort Collins
State/province Colorado
ZIP/Postal code 80523
Country USA
 
Platforms (1)
GPL28437 Illumina NovaSeq 6000 (Cavia porcellus)
Samples (28)
GSM5955989 Hartley 5 months Female [204]
GSM5955990 Hartley 5 months Female [255 B]
GSM5955991 Hartley 5 months Female [258]
Relations
BioProject PRJNA816714

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Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE198736_RawCounts.xlsx 3.8 Mb (ftp)(http) XLSX
SRA Run SelectorHelp
Raw data are available in SRA
Processed data are available on Series record

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