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Series GSE199095 Query DataSets for GSE199095
Status Public on Dec 14, 2022
Title Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus induces specialized ribosomes to efficiently translate viral lytic mRNAs
Organisms Homo sapiens; Human gammaherpesvirus 8
Experiment type Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing
Summary Historically, ribosomes have been viewed as unchanged homogeneous macromolecular machines with no intrinsic regulatory capacity for mRNA translation. However, an emerging concept is that heterogeneity of ribosomal composition exists, which can exert a regulatory function or specificity in translational control. This is supported by recent discoveries identifying compositionally distinct ‘specialized ribosomes’ that actively regulate mRNA translation. Viruses lack their own translational machinery and impose a high translational demand on the host cell during replication. Whilst viruses have evolved a variety of mechanisms to overcome this, we hypothesize that some viruses manipulate the host cell to produce specialized ribosomes to preferentially translate viral transcripts. Quantitative proteomic analysis has identified changes in the stoichiometry and composition of precursor ribosomal complexes during the switch from latent to lytic KSHV replication. Intriguingly, we demonstrate the enhanced association of ribosomal biogenesis factors BUD23 and NOC4L, and a previously uncharacterized KSHV lytic protein, ORF11, with small ribosomal subunit precursor complexes during lytic KSHV infection. Notably, BUD23 depletion resulted in significantly reduced viral gene expression and progression through the lytic cascade, culminating in a dramatic reduction of infectious virion production. Importantly, ribosome profiling demonstrated that BUD23 is essential for the reduced association of ribosomes with KSHV uORFs in late lytic genes, required for the efficient translation of the main open reading frame. Together our results provide new mechanistic insight into KSHV-mediated manipulation of cellular ribosome composition inducing a population of specialized ribosomes to facilitate efficient translation of viral mRNAs.
Overall design TREx BCBL1-Rta cells, a primary effusion lymphoma B cell line latently infected with Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) and modified to contain doxycycline inducible myc-RTA. Samples were collected from two TREx BCBL1-Rta cell lines where lytic replication of KSHV had been induced by doxycycline for 36 hours and each cell line stably expressed either a scrambled control shRNA or a shRNA targeting BUD23. From each cell line a polyA RNA reference sample was collected and a ribosome footprint sample. Two biological replicates were completed for this experiment.
The final manuscript discusses KSHV data.
Contributor(s) Murphy JC, Vasconcelos EJ, Aspden JL, Whitehouse A
Citation(s) 36653366
Submission date Mar 21, 2022
Last update date Feb 06, 2023
Contact name James Murphy
Organization name University of Leeds
Department Faculty of Biological Sciences
Lab Adrian Whitehouse
Street address Claredon Way
City Leeds
State/province West Yorkshire
ZIP/Postal code LS2 9JT
Country United Kingdom
Platforms (1)
GPL30065 Illumina NovaSeq 6000 (Homo sapiens; Human gammaherpesvirus 8)
Samples (8)
GSM5964224 Repeat 1: Scrambled shRNA - polyA RNA
GSM5964225 Repeat 1: BUD23 targetting shRNA - polyA RNA
GSM5964226 Repeat 1: Scrambled shRNA - ribosome footprint RNA
BioProject PRJNA818335

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Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE199095_kshv-RNAcounts-input4RiboRex.tsv.gz 2.5 Kb (ftp)(http) TSV
GSE199095_kshv-RPFcounts-input4RiboRex.tsv.gz 2.6 Kb (ftp)(http) TSV
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