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Series GSE228514 Query DataSets for GSE228514
Status Public on Sep 21, 2023
Title A novel anti-RdDM element that defends cis-regulatory element against ncRNA-dependent, siRNA-driven, and methylation-imposed transcriptional silencing in plants [ARE sRNAseq]
Organism Arabidopsis thaliana
Experiment type Non-coding RNA profiling by high throughput sequencing
Summary Cis-regulatory elements (CREs) dictate spatiotemporal expression and tissue specificity of proximal genes. However, when in a transgenic state, many of them become highly vulnerable to RNA-Directed DNA Methylation (RdDM) that is often transcriptionally deleterious and biologically detrimental. This transgene-specific RdDM vulnerability suggests the existence of anti-RdDM elements (AREs) to defend CREs against de novo methylation in vivo. In this work, we identify such an ARE at the Arabidopsis AGAMOUS (AG) locus, which includes a physically separated enhancer and promoter, both of which are highly vulnerable to transgene silencing. We demonstrate that this ARE effectively represses RdDM activity at its cognate and heterologous CREs via the inhibition of transcription and processing of potent non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), which act as substrates for the biogenesis of 24-nt small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) that guide RdDM. Furthermore, we establish that the ARE exploits hypermethylation in a 108-bp internal region (referred to as M1) as a regulatory signal to recruit methyl reader SU(VAR)3-9 homolog 1 (SUVH1), as well as Harbinger transposon-derived protein 2 (HDP2) associated with HDP1, to carry out ARE-imposed transcriptional and post-transcriptional repression, with the former mediating the repression of ncRNA transcription and the latter repressing both ncRNA transcription and processing. We also show that M1 methylation is indispensable for the repression of methylation in an adjacent, methylation-vulnerable 737-bp region (dubbed M2) to safeguard the ARE’s functional integrity. Taken together, the present study uncovers a novel anti-RdDM element that defends CREs against ncRNA-dependent, siRNA-driven, and methylation-imposed epigenetic interference to safeguard their regulatory integrity.
Overall design Analyses of siRNA expression and profile in various Arabidopis lines
Contributor(s) Liu H, Li Y, Liu J, Liu H, Singer SD, Bennet DR, Yang Y, Li J, Li Y, Yang Y, Zhong G, Meyer R, Xu W, Su Z, Lu H, Li R, Wang K, Zhao B, An Y, Liu Z
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Submission date Mar 29, 2023
Last update date Sep 21, 2023
Contact name Zongrang Liu
Phone (304)725-3451
Organization name USDA-ARS
Department Appalachian Fruit Research Station
Lab Zongrang Liu
Street address 2217 Wiltshire Road
City Kearneysville
State/province WV
ZIP/Postal code 25430
Country USA
Platforms (1)
GPL21785 Illumina HiSeq 4000 (Arabidopsis thaliana)
Samples (96)
GSM7123158 sRNAseq_A_M318_Wt flower_Rep1
GSM7123159 sRNAseq_A_M318_Wt flower_Rep2
GSM7123160 sRNAseq_A_M318_Wt flower_Rep3
This SubSeries is part of SuperSeries:
GSE228518 A novel anti-RdDM element that defends cis-regulatory element against ncRNA-dependent, siRNA-driven, and methylation-imposed transcriptional silencing in plants
BioProject PRJNA950093

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Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE228514_Processed_sRNAseq_data_ARE.xlsx 22.0 Kb (ftp)(http) XLSX
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Processed data are available on Series record

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