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Series GSE233707 Query DataSets for GSE233707
Status Public on Jun 07, 2023
Title 3D culture induction of adipogenic differentiation in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes exhibits adipocyte-specific molecular expression patterns and metabolic functions.
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing
Summary Adipose tissues are closely related to physiological functions and pathological conditions in most organs. Although differentiated 3T3-L1 preadipocytes have been used for in vitro adipose studies, the difference in cellular characteristics of adipogenic differentiation in two-dimensional (2D) culture and three-dimensional (3D) culture remain unclear. In this study, we evaluated gene expression patterns using RNA sequencing and metabolic functions using an extracellular flux analyzer in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes with and without adipogenic induction in 2D culture and 3D culture. In 2D culture, 565 up-regulated genes and 391 down-regulated genes were identified as differentially expressed genes (DEGs) by adipogenic induction of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, whereas only 69 up-regulated genes and 59 down-regulated genes were identified as DEGs in 3D culture. Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) revealed that genes associated with lipid metabolism were identified as 2 out of the top 3 causal networks related to diseases and function in 3D spheroids, whereas only one network related to lipid metabolism was identified within the top 9 of these causal networks in the 2D planar cells, suggesting that adipogenic induction in the 3D culture condition exhibits a more adipocyte-specific gene expression pattern in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Real-time metabolic analysis revealed that the metabolic capacity shifted from glycolysis to mitochondrial respiration in differentiated 3T3-L1 cells in the 3D culture condition but not in those in the 2D cultured condition, suggesting that adipogenic differentiation in 3D culture induces a metabolic phenotype of well-differentiated adipocytes. Consistently, expression levels of mitochondria-encoded genes including mt-Nd6, mt-Cytb, and mt-Co1 were significantly increased by adipogenic induction of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes in 3D culture compared with those in 2D culture. Taken together, the findings suggest that induction of adipogenesis in 3D culture provides a more adipocyte-specific gene expression pattern and enhances mitochondrial respiration, resulting in more adipocyte-like cellular properties.
Overall design Two independently prepared samples of 2D cultured 3T3-L1 cells or 3D cultured 3T3-L1 spheroids with or without adipogenic induction were subjected to RNA isolation, and total RNA was initially extracted from each sample. After checking the RNA content and quality, cDNA libraries were prepared, and their quality and quantity were validated. Thereafter, sequential steps including cluster generation, sequencing the multiplexed samples, image analysis, base calling, and quality filtering were carried out. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs, fold-change 2.0 and FDR adjusted Pā€‰<ā€‰0.05 and qā€‰<ā€‰0.2) were statistically determined by using mapping of sequence data (Qiagen, Redwood City, CA, USA). To elucidate possible gene functions, gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis as well as Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA, Qiagen, USA) were performed.
Contributor(s) Sato T, Hikage F, Ohguro H, Furuhashi M
Citation(s) 37867843
Submission date May 30, 2023
Last update date Oct 26, 2023
Contact name Tatsuya Sato
Phone +81-11-611-2111
Organization name Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine
Department Department of Cellular Physiology and Signal Transduction
Street address South-1, West-17, Chuo-ku
City Sapporo
State/province Hokkaido
ZIP/Postal code 060-8556
Country Japan
Platforms (1)
GPL24247 Illumina NovaSeq 6000 (Mus musculus)
Samples (8)
GSM7432841 2D 3T3-L1 DIF- (1)
GSM7432842 2D 3T3-L1 DIF- (2)
GSM7432843 2D 3T3-L1 DIF+ (1)
BioProject PRJNA977634

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GSE233707_RawCount_Matrix.txt.gz 410.3 Kb (ftp)(http) TXT
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