U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination

Neuroepithelial cyst

MedGen UID:
1004006
Concept ID:
CN322971
Finding
Synonyms: Glioependymal cyst; Neuroglial cyst
 
HPO: HP:0034485

Definition

A benign epithelial-lined cystic lesion that can occur anywhere in the neuraxis. Neuroepithelial cysts are ependymal or epithelial lined fluid collections of unknown etiology within the central nervous system parenchyma with no obvious ventricular or subarachnoid connection. Most cysts are asymptomatic, however, some present with seizures, mass effect, or rarely with movement disorders. On imaging, they present as CSF-like parenchymal cysts with smooth, rounded borders and minimal or no surrounding signal intensity abnormality. [from HPO]

Term Hierarchy

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Morimura T, Maeda Y, Tani E, Nishigami T
Noshuyo Byori 1994;11(1):7-13. PMID: 7512867

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Landi A, Pietrantonio A, Marotta N, Mancarella C, Delfini R
J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2014 Mar;75(2):146-50. Epub 2013 Mar 22 doi: 10.1055/s-0032-1328951. PMID: 23526205
Herrera EJ, Cáceres M, Viano JC, Costello G, Suarez MS, Suárez JC
Childs Nerv Syst 1999 May;15(5):256-60; discussion 261. doi: 10.1007/s003810050386. PMID: 10392498
Guermazi A, Miaux Y, Majoulet JF, Lafitte F, Chiras J
Eur Radiol 1998;8(4):618-23. doi: 10.1007/s003300050447. PMID: 9569335
Augsburger JJ, Affel LL, Benarosh DA
Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 1996;94:259-71; discussion 271-4. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9394(14)70165-5. PMID: 8981700Free PMC Article
Nakase H, Ishida Y, Tada T, Sakaki T, Goda K, Tunoda S, Tominaga M, Hisanaga M, Lee KS, Yun IG
Surg Neurol 1992 Feb;37(2):94-100. doi: 10.1016/0090-3019(92)90183-n. PMID: 1546383

Diagnosis

Stanishevskiy A, Gavrilov G, Svistov D, Cherebillo V, Kurnukhina M
Neurosurg Rev 2023 Oct 6;46(1):264. doi: 10.1007/s10143-023-02176-0. PMID: 37801091
Dudakova L, Tuft S, Cheong SS, Skalicka P, Jedlickova J, Fichtl M, Hlozanek M, Filous A, Vaneckova M, Vincent AL, Hardcastle AJ, Davidson AE, Liskova P
Acta Ophthalmol 2022 Jun;100(4):431-439. Epub 2021 Oct 13 doi: 10.1111/aos.15022. PMID: 34644435
Wakabayashi Y, Isono M, Hori S, Oka K
Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 1998 Feb;38(2):90-4. doi: 10.2176/nmc.38.90. PMID: 9557535
Goh RH, Maguire J
Can Assoc Radiol J 1996 Apr;47(2):126-31. PMID: 8612085
Nakase H, Ishida Y, Tada T, Sakaki T, Goda K, Tunoda S, Tominaga M, Hisanaga M, Lee KS, Yun IG
Surg Neurol 1992 Feb;37(2):94-100. doi: 10.1016/0090-3019(92)90183-n. PMID: 1546383

Therapy

Chevrier MC, Bard C, Guilbert F, Nguyen DK
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2013 Nov-Dec;34(11):2152-6. Epub 2013 Jun 27 doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A3636. PMID: 23811976Free PMC Article
Uchino M, Haga D, Mito T, Kuramitsu T, Nakamura N
J Neurooncol 2006 Sep;79(3):255-8. Epub 2006 Mar 24 doi: 10.1007/s11060-006-9138-9. PMID: 16557347

Prognosis

Yalçin AD, Toydemir HE, Celebi LG, Forta H
Epileptic Disord 2009 Sep;11(3):270-6. Epub 2009 Sep 7 doi: 10.1684/epd.2009.0267. PMID: 19736167
Guermazi A, Miaux Y, Majoulet JF, Lafitte F, Chiras J
Eur Radiol 1998;8(4):618-23. doi: 10.1007/s003300050447. PMID: 9569335
Goh RH, Maguire J
Can Assoc Radiol J 1996 Apr;47(2):126-31. PMID: 8612085

Clinical prediction guides

Hasegawa M, Nouri M, Nagahisa S, Hayashi T, Adachi K, Hirose Y, Abe M
Childs Nerv Syst 2015 Jan;31(1):155-9. Epub 2014 Jul 4 doi: 10.1007/s00381-014-2478-4. PMID: 24993126
Tatli M, Guzel A, Kilinçer C, Sav A
Surg Neurol 2007 Jan;67(1):94-8; discussion 98. Epub 2006 Nov 16 doi: 10.1016/j.surneu.2006.04.008. PMID: 17210315

Recent systematic reviews

Stanishevskiy A, Gavrilov G, Svistov D, Cherebillo V, Kurnukhina M
Neurosurg Rev 2023 Oct 6;46(1):264. doi: 10.1007/s10143-023-02176-0. PMID: 37801091
Robles LA, Paez JM, Ayala D, Boleaga-Duran B
Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2018 Jul;160(7):1439-1449. Epub 2018 May 25 doi: 10.1007/s00701-018-3566-0. PMID: 29802560

Supplemental Content

Table of contents

    Clinical resources

    Practice guidelines

    • PubMed
      See practice and clinical guidelines in PubMed. The search results may include broader topics and may not capture all published guidelines. See the FAQ for details.

    Consumer resources

    Recent activity

    Your browsing activity is empty.

    Activity recording is turned off.

    Turn recording back on

    See more...