U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination

Piriformis syndrome

MedGen UID:
141601
Concept ID:
C0458224
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: Deep gluteal syndrome; Hip socket neuropathy; Piriformis Muscle Syndrome; Pseudosciatica; Pyriformis syndrome; Wallet sciatica
SNOMED CT: Piriformis syndrome (129179000); Pelvic outlet syndrome (129179000)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0043320

Definition

A condition referring to irritation or compression of the proximal sciatic nerve, secondary to contraction of the piriformis muscle. It results in pain in the hip or the back of the leg mimicking disk-related sciatica. [from NCI]

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • CROGVPiriformis syndrome

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Probst D, Stout A, Hunt D
PM R 2019 Aug;11 Suppl 1:S54-S63. Epub 2019 Jul 22 doi: 10.1002/pmrj.12189. PMID: 31102324
Kirschner JS, Foye PM, Cole JL
Muscle Nerve 2009 Jul;40(1):10-8. doi: 10.1002/mus.21318. PMID: 19466717
Boyajian-O'Neill LA, McClain RL, Coleman MK, Thomas PP
J Am Osteopath Assoc 2008 Nov;108(11):657-64. doi: 10.7556/jaoa.2008.108.11.657. PMID: 19011229

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Danazumi MS, Yakasai AM, Ibrahim AA, Shehu UT, Ibrahim SU
J Osteopath Med 2021 May 31;121(8):693-703. doi: 10.1515/jom-2020-0327. PMID: 34049428
Siddiq MAB, Rasker JJ
Clin Rheumatol 2019 Jul;38(7):1811-1821. Epub 2019 May 2 doi: 10.1007/s10067-019-04552-y. PMID: 31049761
Shah SS, Consuegra JM, Subhawong TK, Urakov TM, Manzano GR
J Clin Neurosci 2019 Jan;59:209-212. Epub 2018 Oct 24 doi: 10.1016/j.jocn.2018.10.069. PMID: 30528358
Gottschlich LM, Young CC
Curr Sports Med Rep 2011 Jan-Feb;10(1):40-4. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0b013e318205e08b. PMID: 21228650
Campbell WW, Landau ME
Neurosurg Clin N Am 2008 Oct;19(4):597-608, vi-vii. doi: 10.1016/j.nec.2008.07.001. PMID: 19010284

Diagnosis

Probst D, Stout A, Hunt D
PM R 2019 Aug;11 Suppl 1:S54-S63. Epub 2019 Jul 22 doi: 10.1002/pmrj.12189. PMID: 31102324
Cass SP
Curr Sports Med Rep 2015 Jan;14(1):41-4. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000110. PMID: 25574881
Hopayian K, Song F, Riera R, Sambandan S
Eur Spine J 2010 Dec;19(12):2095-109. Epub 2010 Jul 3 doi: 10.1007/s00586-010-1504-9. PMID: 20596735Free PMC Article
Kirschner JS, Foye PM, Cole JL
Muscle Nerve 2009 Jul;40(1):10-8. doi: 10.1002/mus.21318. PMID: 19466717
Boyajian-O'Neill LA, McClain RL, Coleman MK, Thomas PP
J Am Osteopath Assoc 2008 Nov;108(11):657-64. doi: 10.7556/jaoa.2008.108.11.657. PMID: 19011229

Therapy

Sheridan GA, Neufeld ME, Moshkovitz R, Garbuz DS, Masri BA
Orthop Clin North Am 2022 Oct;53(4):393-401. Epub 2022 Sep 15 doi: 10.1016/j.ocl.2022.06.003. PMID: 36208882
Danazumi MS, Yakasai AM, Ibrahim AA, Shehu UT, Ibrahim SU
J Osteopath Med 2021 May 31;121(8):693-703. doi: 10.1515/jom-2020-0327. PMID: 34049428
Hernando MF, Cerezal L, Pérez-Carro L, Abascal F, Canga A
Skeletal Radiol 2015 Jul;44(7):919-34. Epub 2015 Mar 5 doi: 10.1007/s00256-015-2124-6. PMID: 25739706
Kirschner JS, Foye PM, Cole JL
Muscle Nerve 2009 Jul;40(1):10-8. doi: 10.1002/mus.21318. PMID: 19466717
Boyajian-O'Neill LA, McClain RL, Coleman MK, Thomas PP
J Am Osteopath Assoc 2008 Nov;108(11):657-64. doi: 10.7556/jaoa.2008.108.11.657. PMID: 19011229

Prognosis

Fishman LM, Wilkins AN, Rosner B
Muscle Nerve 2017 Aug;56(2):258-263. Epub 2017 Apr 2 doi: 10.1002/mus.25504. PMID: 27935076
Gottschlich LM, Young CC
Curr Sports Med Rep 2011 Jan-Feb;10(1):40-4. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0b013e318205e08b. PMID: 21228650
Jeynes LC, Gauci CA
Pain Pract 2008 Jul-Aug;8(4):269-76. Epub 2008 May 23 doi: 10.1111/j.1533-2500.2008.00202.x. PMID: 18503628
Güvençer M, Akyer P, Iyem C, Tetik S, Naderi S
Surg Radiol Anat 2008 Aug;30(6):467-74. Epub 2008 May 6 doi: 10.1007/s00276-008-0350-5. PMID: 18458807
Fishman LM, Dombi GW, Michaelsen C, Ringel S, Rozbruch J, Rosner B, Weber C
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2002 Mar;83(3):295-301. doi: 10.1053/apmr.2002.30622. PMID: 11887107

Clinical prediction guides

Ahadi T, Yousefi A, Sajadi S, Yousefi N, Babaei-Ghazani A
J Bodyw Mov Ther 2023 Jan;33:182-188. Epub 2022 Sep 24 doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2022.09.020. PMID: 36775517
Hilal FM, Bashawyah A, Allam AE, Lam KHS, El Oumri AA, Galluccio F, AlKharabsheh A, Kaye AD, Salti A, Varrassi G
Pain Physician 2022 Aug;25(5):325-337. PMID: 35901473
Danazumi MS, Yakasai AM, Ibrahim AA, Shehu UT, Ibrahim SU
J Osteopath Med 2021 May 31;121(8):693-703. doi: 10.1515/jom-2020-0327. PMID: 34049428
Han SK, Kim YS, Kim TH, Kang SH
Clin Orthop Surg 2017 Jun;9(2):136-144. Epub 2017 May 8 doi: 10.4055/cios.2017.9.2.136. PMID: 28567214Free PMC Article
Fishman LM, Dombi GW, Michaelsen C, Ringel S, Rozbruch J, Rosner B, Weber C
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2002 Mar;83(3):295-301. doi: 10.1053/apmr.2002.30622. PMID: 11887107

Recent systematic reviews

Hilal FM, Bashawyah A, Allam AE, Lam KHS, El Oumri AA, Galluccio F, AlKharabsheh A, Kaye AD, Salti A, Varrassi G
Pain Physician 2022 Aug;25(5):325-337. PMID: 35901473
Park JW, Lee YK, Lee YJ, Shin S, Kang Y, Koo KH
Bone Joint J 2020 May;102-B(5):556-567. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.102B5.BJJ-2019-1212.R1. PMID: 32349600
Siddiq MAB, Rasker JJ
Clin Rheumatol 2019 Jul;38(7):1811-1821. Epub 2019 May 2 doi: 10.1007/s10067-019-04552-y. PMID: 31049761
Hopayian K, Danielyan A
Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2018 Feb;28(2):155-164. Epub 2017 Aug 23 doi: 10.1007/s00590-017-2031-8. PMID: 28836092
Hopayian K, Song F, Riera R, Sambandan S
Eur Spine J 2010 Dec;19(12):2095-109. Epub 2010 Jul 3 doi: 10.1007/s00586-010-1504-9. PMID: 20596735Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Table of contents

    Clinical resources

    Practice guidelines

    • PubMed
      See practice and clinical guidelines in PubMed. The search results may include broader topics and may not capture all published guidelines. See the FAQ for details.
    • Bookshelf
      See practice and clinical guidelines in NCBI Bookshelf. The search results may include broader topics and may not capture all published guidelines. See the FAQ for details.

    Recent activity

    Your browsing activity is empty.

    Activity recording is turned off.

    Turn recording back on

    See more...