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Idiopathic hypersomnia

MedGen UID:
155626
Concept ID:
C0751757
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: CNS Hypersomnolence, Idiopathic; CNS Hypersomnolences, Idiopathic; Hypersomnia, Idiopathic; Hypersomnias, Idiopathic; Hypersomnolence, CNS, Idiopathic; Hypersomnolence, Idiopathic; Hypersomnolence, Idiopathic CNS; Hypersomnolences, Idiopathic; Hypersomnolences, Idiopathic CNS; Idiopathic Central Nervous System Hypersomnolence; Idiopathic CNS Hypersomnolence; Idiopathic CNS Hypersomnolences; Idiopathic Hypersomnia; Idiopathic Hypersomnias; Idiopathic Hypersomnolence; Idiopathic Hypersomnolences
SNOMED CT: Idiopathic hypersomnia (3731000119107)
Modes of inheritance:
Unknown inheritance
MedGen UID:
989040
Concept ID:
CN307042
Finding
Source: Orphanet
Hereditary clinical entity whose mode of inheritance is unknown.
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0018044
Orphanet: ORPHA33208

Definition

A rare neurologic disease characterized by an excessive daytime sleepiness with long and unrefreshing naps, and/or prolonged and undisturbed nocturnal sleep, impaired daytime alertness, and/or sleep inertia (ie, great difficulty in waking up after sleep) and where other causes have been excluded. [from ORDO]

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • CROGVIdiopathic hypersomnia

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Arnulf I, Thomas R, Roy A, Dauvilliers Y
Sleep Med Rev 2023 Jun;69:101766. Epub 2023 Feb 25 doi: 10.1016/j.smrv.2023.101766. PMID: 36921459
Maski K, Trotti LM, Kotagal S, Robert Auger R, Swick TJ, Rowley JA, Hashmi SD, Watson NF
J Clin Sleep Med 2021 Sep 1;17(9):1895-1945. doi: 10.5664/jcsm.9326. PMID: 34743790Free PMC Article
Maski K, Trotti LM, Kotagal S, Robert Auger R, Rowley JA, Hashmi SD, Watson NF
J Clin Sleep Med 2021 Sep 1;17(9):1881-1893. doi: 10.5664/jcsm.9328. PMID: 34743789Free PMC Article

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Pérez-Carbonell L, Mignot E, Leschziner G, Dauvilliers Y
Lancet 2022 Sep 24;400(10357):1033-1046. Epub 2022 Sep 14 doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(22)01018-2. PMID: 36115367
Bassetti CLA, Kallweit U, Vignatelli L, Plazzi G, Lecendreux M, Baldin E, Dolenc-Groselj L, Jennum P, Khatami R, Manconi M, Mayer G, Partinen M, Pollmächer T, Reading P, Santamaria J, Sonka K, Dauvilliers Y, Lammers GJ
J Sleep Res 2021 Dec;30(6):e13387. Epub 2021 Jun 25 doi: 10.1111/jsr.13387. PMID: 34173288
Gandhi KD, Mansukhani MP, Silber MH, Kolla BP
Mayo Clin Proc 2021 May;96(5):1288-1301. Epub 2021 Apr 9 doi: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2020.08.033. PMID: 33840518
Trotti LM
Continuum (Minneap Minn) 2020 Aug;26(4):890-907. doi: 10.1212/CON.0000000000000883. PMID: 32756227Free PMC Article
Johns MW
Sleep 1991 Dec;14(6):540-5. doi: 10.1093/sleep/14.6.540. PMID: 1798888

Diagnosis

Pérez-Carbonell L, Mignot E, Leschziner G, Dauvilliers Y
Lancet 2022 Sep 24;400(10357):1033-1046. Epub 2022 Sep 14 doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(22)01018-2. PMID: 36115367
Barateau L, Pizza F, Plazzi G, Dauvilliers Y
J Sleep Res 2022 Aug;31(4):e13631. Epub 2022 May 27 doi: 10.1111/jsr.13631. PMID: 35624073
Gandhi KD, Mansukhani MP, Silber MH, Kolla BP
Mayo Clin Proc 2021 May;96(5):1288-1301. Epub 2021 Apr 9 doi: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2020.08.033. PMID: 33840518
Trotti LM, Arnulf I
Neurotherapeutics 2021 Jan;18(1):20-31. doi: 10.1007/s13311-020-00919-1. PMID: 32901432Free PMC Article
Johns MW
Sleep 1991 Dec;14(6):540-5. doi: 10.1093/sleep/14.6.540. PMID: 1798888

Therapy

Arnulf I, Thomas R, Roy A, Dauvilliers Y
Sleep Med Rev 2023 Jun;69:101766. Epub 2023 Feb 25 doi: 10.1016/j.smrv.2023.101766. PMID: 36921459
Bassetti CLA, Kallweit U, Vignatelli L, Plazzi G, Lecendreux M, Baldin E, Dolenc-Groselj L, Jennum P, Khatami R, Manconi M, Mayer G, Partinen M, Pollmächer T, Reading P, Santamaria J, Sonka K, Dauvilliers Y, Lammers GJ
J Sleep Res 2021 Dec;30(6):e13387. Epub 2021 Jun 25 doi: 10.1111/jsr.13387. PMID: 34173288
Trotti LM, Arnulf I
Neurotherapeutics 2021 Jan;18(1):20-31. doi: 10.1007/s13311-020-00919-1. PMID: 32901432Free PMC Article
Trotti LM
Sleep Med Clin 2017 Sep;12(3):331-344. Epub 2017 Jun 16 doi: 10.1016/j.jsmc.2017.03.009. PMID: 28778232Free PMC Article
Billiard M, Sonka K
Sleep Med Rev 2016 Oct;29:23-33. Epub 2015 Sep 3 doi: 10.1016/j.smrv.2015.08.007. PMID: 26599679

Prognosis

Barateau L, Pizza F, Chenini S, Peter-Derex L, Dauvilliers Y
Rev Neurol (Paris) 2023 Oct;179(7):727-740. Epub 2023 Aug 25 doi: 10.1016/j.neurol.2023.08.001. PMID: 37634997
Maski K, Trotti LM, Kotagal S, Robert Auger R, Rowley JA, Hashmi SD, Watson NF
J Clin Sleep Med 2021 Sep 1;17(9):1881-1893. doi: 10.5664/jcsm.9328. PMID: 34743789Free PMC Article
Nevsimalova S, Susta M, Prihodova I, Horvat EM, Milata M, Sonka K
Sleep Med 2021 Apr;80:86-91. Epub 2021 Jan 29 doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2021.01.031. PMID: 33588261
Plante DT
Sleep Med 2018 May;45:17-24. Epub 2017 Nov 2 doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2017.10.005. PMID: 29680423Free PMC Article
Leu-Semenescu S, Quera-Salva MA, Dauvilliers Y
Rev Neurol (Paris) 2017 Jan-Feb;173(1-2):32-37. Epub 2016 Nov 10 doi: 10.1016/j.neurol.2016.09.015. PMID: 27838089

Clinical prediction guides

Liblau RS, Latorre D, Kornum BR, Dauvilliers Y, Mignot EJ
Nat Rev Immunol 2024 Jan;24(1):33-48. Epub 2023 Jul 3 doi: 10.1038/s41577-023-00902-9. PMID: 37400646
Bock J, Covassin N, Somers V
Heart 2022 Oct 28;108(22):1761-1766. doi: 10.1136/heartjnl-2021-319596. PMID: 35102000Free PMC Article
Maski K, Trotti LM, Kotagal S, Robert Auger R, Swick TJ, Rowley JA, Hashmi SD, Watson NF
J Clin Sleep Med 2021 Sep 1;17(9):1895-1945. doi: 10.5664/jcsm.9326. PMID: 34743790Free PMC Article
Evangelista E, Lopez R, Dauvilliers Y
Expert Opin Investig Drugs 2018 Feb;27(2):187-192. Epub 2018 Jan 3 doi: 10.1080/13543784.2018.1417385. PMID: 29250981
Johns MW
Sleep 1991 Dec;14(6):540-5. doi: 10.1093/sleep/14.6.540. PMID: 1798888

Recent systematic reviews

Maski K, Trotti LM, Kotagal S, Robert Auger R, Swick TJ, Rowley JA, Hashmi SD, Watson NF
J Clin Sleep Med 2021 Sep 1;17(9):1895-1945. doi: 10.5664/jcsm.9326. PMID: 34743790Free PMC Article
Maski K, Trotti LM, Kotagal S, Robert Auger R, Rowley JA, Hashmi SD, Watson NF
J Clin Sleep Med 2021 Sep 1;17(9):1881-1893. doi: 10.5664/jcsm.9328. PMID: 34743789Free PMC Article
Bassetti CLA, Kallweit U, Vignatelli L, Plazzi G, Lecendreux M, Baldin E, Dolenc-Groselj L, Jennum P, Khatami R, Manconi M, Mayer G, Partinen M, Pollmächer T, Reading P, Santamaria J, Sonka K, Dauvilliers Y, Lammers GJ
Eur J Neurol 2021 Sep;28(9):2815-2830. Epub 2021 Jun 25 doi: 10.1111/ene.14888. PMID: 34173695
Bassetti CLA, Kallweit U, Vignatelli L, Plazzi G, Lecendreux M, Baldin E, Dolenc-Groselj L, Jennum P, Khatami R, Manconi M, Mayer G, Partinen M, Pollmächer T, Reading P, Santamaria J, Sonka K, Dauvilliers Y, Lammers GJ
J Sleep Res 2021 Dec;30(6):e13387. Epub 2021 Jun 25 doi: 10.1111/jsr.13387. PMID: 34173288
Sowa NA
Psychosomatics 2016 Mar-Apr;57(2):152-64. Epub 2015 Dec 17 doi: 10.1016/j.psym.2015.12.006. PMID: 26895727

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