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Spermatogenic failure 25(SPGF25)

MedGen UID:
1646677
Concept ID:
C4693765
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: SPERMATOGENIC FAILURE 25; SPGF25
 
Gene (location): TEX15 (8p12)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0054729
OMIM®: 617960

Definition

Spermatogenic failure-25 is characterized by small testes and infertility, with severe oligozoospermia or azoospermia due to maturation arrest at the primary spermatocyte stage (Okutman et al., 2015). For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of spermatogenic failure, see SPGF1 (258150). [from OMIM]

Clinical features

From HPO
Azoospermia
MedGen UID:
2150
Concept ID:
C0004509
Disease or Syndrome
Absence of any measurable level of sperm in his semen.
Decreased testicular size
MedGen UID:
66027
Concept ID:
C0241355
Finding
Reduced volume of the testicle (the male gonad).
Cryptozoospermia
MedGen UID:
481180
Concept ID:
C3279550
Disease or Syndrome
A type of low sperm count where ejaculated semen contains less than 100,000 spermatozoa per ml. With cryptozoospermia, the sperm count may fluctuate and a zero sperm count in the ejaculate may be initially measured. If sperm are observed in a second semen sample following centrifugation, the diagnosis of cryptozoospermia can be made (and azoospermia can be ruled out).

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Hull MG, Glazener CM, Kelly NJ, Conway DI, Foster PA, Hinton RA, Coulson C, Lambert PA, Watt EM, Desai KM
Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1985 Dec 14;291(6510):1693-7. doi: 10.1136/bmj.291.6510.1693. PMID: 3935248Free PMC Article

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Houston BJ, Riera-Escamilla A, Wyrwoll MJ, Salas-Huetos A, Xavier MJ, Nagirnaja L, Friedrich C, Conrad DF, Aston KI, Krausz C, Tüttelmann F, O'Bryan MK, Veltman JA, Oud MS
Hum Reprod Update 2021 Dec 21;28(1):15-29. doi: 10.1093/humupd/dmab030. PMID: 34498060Free PMC Article
Krausz C, Casamonti E
Hum Genet 2017 May;136(5):637-655. Epub 2017 Apr 29 doi: 10.1007/s00439-017-1793-8. PMID: 28456834
Lardone MC, Piottante A, Valdevenito R, Ebensperger M, Castro A
Andrologia 2013 Dec;45(6):379-85. Epub 2012 Sep 26 doi: 10.1111/and.12026. PMID: 23013062
Rozen SG, Marszalek JD, Irenze K, Skaletsky H, Brown LG, Oates RD, Silber SJ, Ardlie K, Page DC
Am J Hum Genet 2012 Nov 2;91(5):890-6. Epub 2012 Oct 25 doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2012.09.003. PMID: 23103232Free PMC Article
Ioulianos A, Sismani C, Fourouclas N, Patroclou T, Sergiou C, Patsalis PC
Int J Androl 2002 Jun;25(3):153-8. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2605.2002.00340.x. PMID: 12031043

Diagnosis

Houston BJ, Riera-Escamilla A, Wyrwoll MJ, Salas-Huetos A, Xavier MJ, Nagirnaja L, Friedrich C, Conrad DF, Aston KI, Krausz C, Tüttelmann F, O'Bryan MK, Veltman JA, Oud MS
Hum Reprod Update 2021 Dec 21;28(1):15-29. doi: 10.1093/humupd/dmab030. PMID: 34498060Free PMC Article
Cannarella R, Caruso M, Crafa A, Timpanaro TA, Lo Bianco M, Presti S, Condorelli RA, La Vignera S, Calogero AE
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021;12:619895. Epub 2021 Apr 2 doi: 10.3389/fendo.2021.619895. PMID: 33868165Free PMC Article
Cannarella R, Condorelli RA, Paolacci S, Barbagallo F, Guerri G, Bertelli M, La Vignera S, Calogero AE
Asian J Androl 2021 Jan-Feb;23(1):24-29. doi: 10.4103/aja.aja_25_20. PMID: 32655042Free PMC Article
Krausz C, Casamonti E
Hum Genet 2017 May;136(5):637-655. Epub 2017 Apr 29 doi: 10.1007/s00439-017-1793-8. PMID: 28456834
Lardone MC, Piottante A, Valdevenito R, Ebensperger M, Castro A
Andrologia 2013 Dec;45(6):379-85. Epub 2012 Sep 26 doi: 10.1111/and.12026. PMID: 23013062

Therapy

Cannarella R, Caruso M, Crafa A, Timpanaro TA, Lo Bianco M, Presti S, Condorelli RA, La Vignera S, Calogero AE
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021;12:619895. Epub 2021 Apr 2 doi: 10.3389/fendo.2021.619895. PMID: 33868165Free PMC Article
Eckardstein SV, Schmidt A, Kamischke A, Simoni M, Gromoll J, Nieschlag E
Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2002 Nov;57(5):647-55. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2265.2002.01652.x. PMID: 12390340

Prognosis

Krausz C, Casamonti E
Hum Genet 2017 May;136(5):637-655. Epub 2017 Apr 29 doi: 10.1007/s00439-017-1793-8. PMID: 28456834
Sharma H, Mavuduru RS, Singh SK, Prasad R
Gene 2014 Sep 10;548(1):43-7. Epub 2014 Jul 7 doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2014.07.005. PMID: 25010724
Ravel C, Chantot-Bastaraud S, El Houate B, Rouba H, Legendre M, Lorenço D, Mandelbaum J, Siffroi JP, McElreavey K
Fertil Steril 2009 Dec;92(6):1924-33. Epub 2008 Nov 6 doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2008.08.135. PMID: 18990391
Krausz C, Quintana-Murci L, McElreavey K
Hum Reprod 2000 Jul;15(7):1431-4. doi: 10.1093/humrep/15.7.1431. PMID: 10875846
Hull MG, Glazener CM, Kelly NJ, Conway DI, Foster PA, Hinton RA, Coulson C, Lambert PA, Watt EM, Desai KM
Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1985 Dec 14;291(6510):1693-7. doi: 10.1136/bmj.291.6510.1693. PMID: 3935248Free PMC Article

Clinical prediction guides

Houston BJ, Riera-Escamilla A, Wyrwoll MJ, Salas-Huetos A, Xavier MJ, Nagirnaja L, Friedrich C, Conrad DF, Aston KI, Krausz C, Tüttelmann F, O'Bryan MK, Veltman JA, Oud MS
Hum Reprod Update 2021 Dec 21;28(1):15-29. doi: 10.1093/humupd/dmab030. PMID: 34498060Free PMC Article
Krausz C, Casamonti E
Hum Genet 2017 May;136(5):637-655. Epub 2017 Apr 29 doi: 10.1007/s00439-017-1793-8. PMID: 28456834
Sharma H, Mavuduru RS, Singh SK, Prasad R
Gene 2014 Sep 10;548(1):43-7. Epub 2014 Jul 7 doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2014.07.005. PMID: 25010724
Lardone MC, Piottante A, Valdevenito R, Ebensperger M, Castro A
Andrologia 2013 Dec;45(6):379-85. Epub 2012 Sep 26 doi: 10.1111/and.12026. PMID: 23013062
Rozen SG, Marszalek JD, Irenze K, Skaletsky H, Brown LG, Oates RD, Silber SJ, Ardlie K, Page DC
Am J Hum Genet 2012 Nov 2;91(5):890-6. Epub 2012 Oct 25 doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2012.09.003. PMID: 23103232Free PMC Article

Recent systematic reviews

Houston BJ, Riera-Escamilla A, Wyrwoll MJ, Salas-Huetos A, Xavier MJ, Nagirnaja L, Friedrich C, Conrad DF, Aston KI, Krausz C, Tüttelmann F, O'Bryan MK, Veltman JA, Oud MS
Hum Reprod Update 2021 Dec 21;28(1):15-29. doi: 10.1093/humupd/dmab030. PMID: 34498060Free PMC Article

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