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Heterophoria

MedGen UID:
1671050
Concept ID:
C4721400
Disease or Syndrome
Synonym: Heterophorias
 
HPO: HP:0032011

Definition

Heterophorias are latent deviations that are controlled by fusion. In certain circumstances (specific visual tasks, fatigue, illness, etc.), fusion can no longer be maintained and decompensation occurs. [from HPO]

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Lavrich JB, Hamburger JL, Lee KE, Thuma TBT, Omega ML, Zhang QE, Gunton KB
J AAPOS 2023 Dec;27(6):346.e1-346.e6. Epub 2023 Nov 4 doi: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2023.08.019. PMID: 37931838
Manna P, Karmakar S, Bhardwaj GK, Mondal A
Eur J Ophthalmol 2023 May;33(3):1273-1286. Epub 2022 Nov 16 doi: 10.1177/11206721221136438. PMID: 36384286
Coles-Brennan C, Sulley A, Young G
Clin Exp Optom 2019 Jan;102(1):18-29. Epub 2018 May 23 doi: 10.1111/cxo.12798. PMID: 29797453

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Gantz L, Stiebel-Kalish H
J Optom 2022 Oct-Dec;15(4):256-270. Epub 2021 Dec 25 doi: 10.1016/j.optom.2021.11.002. PMID: 34963569Free PMC Article
Vivekanand U, Lobo SG, Dharmappa N, Kesireddy A
Rom J Ophthalmol 2021 Oct-Dec;65(4):362-364. doi: 10.22336/rjo.2021.71. PMID: 35087977Free PMC Article
Fogt JS, Onate J, Emerson A, Kraemer W, Fogt N
Optom Vis Sci 2021 Jul 1;98(7):771-776. doi: 10.1097/OPX.0000000000001725. PMID: 34328456
Coles-Brennan C, Sulley A, Young G
Clin Exp Optom 2019 Jan;102(1):18-29. Epub 2018 May 23 doi: 10.1111/cxo.12798. PMID: 29797453
O'Colmain U, Gilmour C, MacEwen CJ
Acta Ophthalmol 2014 Jun;92(4):382-6. Epub 2013 Feb 7 doi: 10.1111/aos.12062. PMID: 23387838

Diagnosis

Manna P, Karmakar S, Bhardwaj GK, Mondal A
Eur J Ophthalmol 2023 May;33(3):1273-1286. Epub 2022 Nov 16 doi: 10.1177/11206721221136438. PMID: 36384286
Gantz L, Stiebel-Kalish H
J Optom 2022 Oct-Dec;15(4):256-270. Epub 2021 Dec 25 doi: 10.1016/j.optom.2021.11.002. PMID: 34963569Free PMC Article
Dostálová N, Vrubel M, Kachlík P
Cas Lek Cesk 2021 Spring;160(2-3):88-92. PMID: 34134500
Abouaf L, Vighetto A, Lebas M
Ann Endocrinol (Paris) 2015 Jul;76(3):210-9. Epub 2015 Jun 10 doi: 10.1016/j.ando.2015.04.006. PMID: 26070465
O'Colmain U, Gilmour C, MacEwen CJ
Acta Ophthalmol 2014 Jun;92(4):382-6. Epub 2013 Feb 7 doi: 10.1111/aos.12062. PMID: 23387838

Therapy

Manna P, Karmakar S, Bhardwaj GK, Mondal A
Eur J Ophthalmol 2023 May;33(3):1273-1286. Epub 2022 Nov 16 doi: 10.1177/11206721221136438. PMID: 36384286
Lew WH, Coates DR
PLoS One 2022;17(8):e0271881. Epub 2022 Aug 12 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0271881. PMID: 35960712Free PMC Article
Hashemi H, Nabovati P, Yekta AA, Agha Mirsalim M, Rafati S, Ostadimoghaddam H, Khabazkhoob M
Clin Exp Optom 2022 Jul;105(5):539-545. Epub 2021 May 20 doi: 10.1080/08164622.2021.1922065. PMID: 34016028
Wajuihian SO
J Optom 2021 Apr-Jun;14(2):142-155. Epub 2020 Sep 1 doi: 10.1016/j.optom.2020.06.008. PMID: 32883648Free PMC Article
Barton JJS, Ranalli PJ
Surv Ophthalmol 2021 Mar-Apr;66(2):346-353. Epub 2020 Aug 19 doi: 10.1016/j.survophthal.2020.08.001. PMID: 32827496

Prognosis

Rossel-Zemkouo MJ, Bergholz R, Salchow DJ
Strabismus 2021 Mar;29(1):19-25. Epub 2021 Feb 25 doi: 10.1080/09273972.2021.1871635. PMID: 33632063
Sreenivasan V, Babinsky EE, Wu Y, Candy TR
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2016 May 1;57(6):2678-88. doi: 10.1167/iovs.15-17877. PMID: 27183054Free PMC Article
Abouaf L, Vighetto A, Lebas M
Ann Endocrinol (Paris) 2015 Jul;76(3):210-9. Epub 2015 Jun 10 doi: 10.1016/j.ando.2015.04.006. PMID: 26070465
Babinsky E, Sreenivasan V, Candy TR
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2015 Jan 29;56(2):1406-15. doi: 10.1167/iovs.14-14649. PMID: 25634983Free PMC Article
Dawson E, Adams G, Mengher L, Lee J
Strabismus 2009 Oct-Dec;17(4):171-4. doi: 10.3109/09273970903353246. PMID: 20001513

Clinical prediction guides

Vivekanand U, Lobo SG, Dharmappa N, Kesireddy A
Rom J Ophthalmol 2021 Oct-Dec;65(4):362-364. doi: 10.22336/rjo.2021.71. PMID: 35087977Free PMC Article
Wajuihian SO
J Optom 2021 Apr-Jun;14(2):142-155. Epub 2020 Sep 1 doi: 10.1016/j.optom.2020.06.008. PMID: 32883648Free PMC Article
Wajuihian SO
J Optom 2020 Jul-Sep;13(3):171-184. Epub 2020 May 29 doi: 10.1016/j.optom.2020.02.002. PMID: 32475793Free PMC Article
Abouaf L, Vighetto A, Lebas M
Ann Endocrinol (Paris) 2015 Jul;76(3):210-9. Epub 2015 Jun 10 doi: 10.1016/j.ando.2015.04.006. PMID: 26070465
Backman HA
Am J Optom Physiol Opt 1987 Apr;64(4):299-302. doi: 10.1097/00006324-198704000-00017. PMID: 3591901

Recent systematic reviews

Manna P, Karmakar S, Bhardwaj GK, Mondal A
Eur J Ophthalmol 2023 May;33(3):1273-1286. Epub 2022 Nov 16 doi: 10.1177/11206721221136438. PMID: 36384286

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