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Epilepsy, idiopathic generalized, susceptibility to, 16(EIG16)

MedGen UID:
1684869
Concept ID:
C5231421
Finding
Synonyms: EIG16; EPILEPSY, IDIOPATHIC GENERALIZED, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO, 16
 
Gene (location): KCNMA1 (10q22.3)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0032827
OMIM®: 618596

Clinical features

From HPO
Short stature
MedGen UID:
87607
Concept ID:
C0349588
Finding
A height below that which is expected according to age and gender norms. Although there is no universally accepted definition of short stature, many refer to "short stature" as height more than 2 standard deviations below the mean for age and gender (or below the 3rd percentile for age and gender dependent norms).
Global developmental delay
MedGen UID:
107838
Concept ID:
C0557874
Finding
A delay in the achievement of motor or mental milestones in the domains of development of a child, including motor skills, speech and language, cognitive skills, and social and emotional skills. This term should only be used to describe children younger than five years of age.
Atypical absence seizure
MedGen UID:
108888
Concept ID:
C0595948
Disease or Syndrome
An atypical absence seizure is a type of generalised non-motor (absence) seizure characterised by interruption of ongoing activities and reduced responsiveness. In comparison to a typical absence seizure, changes in tone may be more pronounced, onset and/or cessation may be less abrupt, and the duration of the ictus and post-ictal recovery may be longer. Although not always available, an EEG often demonstrates slow (<3 Hz), irregular, generalized spike-wave activity.
Abnormal cerebral white matter morphology
MedGen UID:
181756
Concept ID:
C0948163
Pathologic Function
An abnormality of the cerebral white matter.
Multifocal epileptiform discharges
MedGen UID:
866864
Concept ID:
C4021219
Finding
An abnormality in cerebral electrical activity recorded along the scalp by electroencephalography (EEG) and being identified at multiple locations (foci).
Myoclonic absence seizure
MedGen UID:
869094
Concept ID:
C4023512
Disease or Syndrome
Myoclonic absence seizure is a type of generalized non-motor (absence) seizure characterised by an interruption of ongoing activities, a blank stare and rhythmic three-per-second myoclonic movements, causing ratcheting abduction of the upper limbs leading to progressive arm elevation, and associated with 3 Hz generalized spike-wave discharges on the electroencephalogram. Duration is typically 10-60 s. Whilst impairment of consciousness may not be obvious the ILAE classified this seizure as a generalized non-motor seizure in 2017.
Myoclonic seizure
MedGen UID:
1385980
Concept ID:
C4317123
Sign or Symptom
A myoclonic seizure is a type of motor seizure characterised by sudden, brief (<100 ms) involuntary single or multiple contraction of muscles or muscle groups of variable topography (axial, proximal limb, distal). Myoclonus is less regularly repetitive and less sustained than is clonus.
Microcephaly
MedGen UID:
1644158
Concept ID:
C4551563
Finding
Head circumference below 2 standard deviations below the mean for age and gender.

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