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Spermatogenic failure 46(SPGF46)

MedGen UID:
1726728
Concept ID:
C5436799
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: SPERMATOGENIC FAILURE 46; SPGF46
 
Gene (location): DNAH8 (6p21.2)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0033673
OMIM®: 619095

Definition

Spermatogenic failure-46 (SPGF46) is characterized by male infertility due to asthenoteratozoospermia. Sperm of affected men exhibit multiple morphologic abnormalities of the flagella (MMAF), including flagella that are absent, short, coiled, angulated, and/or of irregular caliber. Ultrastructural analysis shows disorganization of axonemal and periaxonemal structures (Liu et al., 2020). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of spermatogenic failure, see SPGF1 (258150). [from OMIM]

Clinical features

From HPO
Male infertility
MedGen UID:
5796
Concept ID:
C0021364
Disease or Syndrome
The inability of the male to effect fertilization of an ovum after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Male sterility is permanent infertility.
Reduced sperm motility
MedGen UID:
98339
Concept ID:
C0403823
Disease or Syndrome
An abnormal reduction in the mobility of ejaculated sperm.
Absent sperm flagella
MedGen UID:
1623855
Concept ID:
C4539786
Finding
Sperm cells lacking flagella.
Short sperm flagella
MedGen UID:
1623693
Concept ID:
C4539787
Finding
Sperm cells with abnormally short flagella.
Coiled sperm flagella
MedGen UID:
1611216
Concept ID:
C4539789
Finding
Sperm cells whose flagella are twisted (coiled).
Irregularly shaped sperm tail
MedGen UID:
1687959
Concept ID:
C5233737
Finding
Irregular or changing caliber (diameter) along the tail of the sperm.

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Cerván-Martín M, Suazo-Sánchez MI, Rivera-Egea R, Garrido N, Luján S, Romeu G, Santos-Ribeiro S, Castilla JA, Gonzalvo MC, Clavero A, Vicente FJ, Maldonado V, Burgos M, Barrionuevo FJ, Jiménez R, Sánchez-Curbelo J, López-Rodrigo O, Peraza MF, Pereira-Caetano I, Marques PI, Carvalho F, Barros A, Bassas L, Seixas S, Gonçalves J, Larriba S, Lopes AM, Palomino-Morales RJ, Carmona FD; Lisbon Clinical Group; IVIRMA Group
Fertil Steril 2020 Aug;114(2):398-406. Epub 2020 Jul 18 doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2020.02.115. PMID: 32690270
Chu QJ, Hua R, Luo C, Chen QJ, Wu B, Quan S, Zhu YT
BMC Med Genet 2017 Sep 6;18(1):98. doi: 10.1186/s12881-017-0456-x. PMID: 28874128Free PMC Article
Plotton I, Brosse A, Cuzin B, Lejeune H
Ann Endocrinol (Paris) 2014 May;75(2):118-25. Epub 2014 Apr 29 doi: 10.1016/j.ando.2014.04.004. PMID: 24786702
Jiang H, Zhu WJ, Li J, Chen QJ, Liang WB, Gu YQ
Int Urol Nephrol 2014 May;46(5):879-85. Epub 2013 Nov 26 doi: 10.1007/s11255-013-0610-0. PMID: 24277275
Mićić S, Dotlić R, Ilić V, Genbacev O
Arch Androl 1985;15(2-3):123-8. doi: 10.3109/01485018508986901. PMID: 3938636

Diagnosis

Hardy J, Pollock N, Gingrich T, Sweet P, Ramesh A, Kuong J, Basar A, Jiang H, Hwang K, Vukina J, Jaffe T, Olszewska M, Kurpisz M, Yatsenko AN
J Assist Reprod Genet 2022 Sep;39(9):2103-2114. Epub 2022 Jul 18 doi: 10.1007/s10815-022-02538-5. PMID: 35849255Free PMC Article
Liu X, Zhang H, Zhang X, Zhang H, Jiang Y, Liu R, Fei J, Wang Y, Yu Y
J Assist Reprod Genet 2021 Apr;38(4):941-948. Epub 2021 Jan 16 doi: 10.1007/s10815-020-02031-x. PMID: 33454900Free PMC Article
Cerván-Martín M, Suazo-Sánchez MI, Rivera-Egea R, Garrido N, Luján S, Romeu G, Santos-Ribeiro S, Castilla JA, Gonzalvo MC, Clavero A, Vicente FJ, Maldonado V, Burgos M, Barrionuevo FJ, Jiménez R, Sánchez-Curbelo J, López-Rodrigo O, Peraza MF, Pereira-Caetano I, Marques PI, Carvalho F, Barros A, Bassas L, Seixas S, Gonçalves J, Larriba S, Lopes AM, Palomino-Morales RJ, Carmona FD; Lisbon Clinical Group; IVIRMA Group
Fertil Steril 2020 Aug;114(2):398-406. Epub 2020 Jul 18 doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2020.02.115. PMID: 32690270
Röpke A, Tüttelmann F
Eur J Endocrinol 2017 Nov;177(5):R249-R259. Epub 2017 Jun 13 doi: 10.1530/EJE-17-0246. PMID: 28611019
Abdelmoula NB, Sallemi A, Chakroun N, Keskes L, Amouri A, Rebai T
Arch Androl 2006 May-Jun;52(3):175-8. doi: 10.1080/01485010500316261. PMID: 16574598

Therapy

Achermann APP, Pereira TA, Esteves SC
Int Urol Nephrol 2021 Nov;53(11):2193-2210. Epub 2021 Aug 19 doi: 10.1007/s11255-021-02979-4. PMID: 34410586
Plotton I, Brosse A, Cuzin B, Lejeune H
Ann Endocrinol (Paris) 2014 May;75(2):118-25. Epub 2014 Apr 29 doi: 10.1016/j.ando.2014.04.004. PMID: 24786702
Meng GD, Zhu JC, Chen ZW, Wong LT, Zhang GY, Hu YZ, Ding JH, Wang XH, Qian SZ, Wang C
Int J Androl 1988 Feb;11(1):1-11. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2605.1988.tb01211.x. PMID: 3356480

Prognosis

Arshad MA, Majzoub A, Esteves SC
Int Urol Nephrol 2020 Nov;52(11):2015-2038. Epub 2020 Jun 9 doi: 10.1007/s11255-020-02529-4. PMID: 32519242
Jiang Y, Wang R, Li L, Xue L, Deng S, Liu R
Mol Med Rep 2017 Sep;16(3):3433-3438. Epub 2017 Jul 14 doi: 10.3892/mmr.2017.6981. PMID: 28713994
Röpke A, Tewes AC, Gromoll J, Kliesch S, Wieacker P, Tüttelmann F
Eur J Hum Genet 2013 Sep;21(9):1012-5. Epub 2013 Jan 9 doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2012.290. PMID: 23299922Free PMC Article
Meseguer M, Santiso R, Garrido N, Gil-Salom M, Remohí J, Fernandez JL
Fertil Steril 2009 Nov;92(5):1638-45. Epub 2008 Nov 11 doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2008.08.106. PMID: 19006791
Meng GD, Zhu JC, Chen ZW, Wong LT, Zhang GY, Hu YZ, Ding JH, Wang XH, Qian SZ, Wang C
Contraception 1988 Feb;37(2):119-28. doi: 10.1016/0010-7824(88)90122-9. PMID: 3131064

Clinical prediction guides

Li R
Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Dec 9;101(49):e32216. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000032216. PMID: 36626513Free PMC Article
Arshad MA, Majzoub A, Esteves SC
Int Urol Nephrol 2020 Nov;52(11):2015-2038. Epub 2020 Jun 9 doi: 10.1007/s11255-020-02529-4. PMID: 32519242
van Mens TE, Joensen UN, Bochdanovits Z, Takizawa A, Peter J, Jørgensen N, Szecsi PB, Meijers JCM, Weiler H, Rajpert-De Meyts E, Repping S, Middeldorp S
Hum Reprod 2017 Nov 1;32(11):2332-2339. doi: 10.1093/humrep/dex287. PMID: 28927238
Bashamboo A, Ferraz-de-Souza B, Lourenço D, Lin L, Sebire NJ, Montjean D, Bignon-Topalovic J, Mandelbaum J, Siffroi JP, Christin-Maitre S, Radhakrishna U, Rouba H, Ravel C, Seeler J, Achermann JC, McElreavey K
Am J Hum Genet 2010 Oct 8;87(4):505-12. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2010.09.009. PMID: 20887963Free PMC Article
Chaganti RS, Jhanwar SC, Ehrenbard LT, Kourides IA, Williams JJ
Am J Hum Genet 1980 Nov;32(6):833-48. PMID: 7446525Free PMC Article

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