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Mismatch repair cancer syndrome 3(MMRCS3)

MedGen UID:
1733656
Concept ID:
C5436807
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: mismatch repair cancer syndrome 3; MMRCS3
 
Gene (location): MSH6 (2p16.3)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0030841
OMIM®: 619097

Definition

Mismatch repair cancer syndrome-3 (MMRCS3) is an autosomal recessive childhood cancer predisposition syndrome characterized by brain tumors, hematologic malignancy, and gastrointestinal tumors. Multiple cafe-au-lait spots, axillary freckling, and, rarely, Lisch nodules reminiscent of neurofibromatosis type I (NF1; 162200) may be present (Hegde et al., 2005, Ostergaard et al., 2005). Microsatellite instability may be detected in tumor samples (Hegde et al., 2005). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of mismatch repair cancer syndrome, see MMRCS1 (276300). [from OMIM]

Clinical features

From HPO
Lymphoma
MedGen UID:
44223
Concept ID:
C0024299
Neoplastic Process
A cancer originating in lymphocytes and presenting as a solid tumor of lymhpoid cells.
T-cell lymphoma
MedGen UID:
86957
Concept ID:
C0079772
Neoplastic Process
A type of lymphoma that originates in T-cells.
Colon cancer
MedGen UID:
2839
Concept ID:
C0007102
Neoplastic Process
A primary or metastatic malignant neoplasm that affects the colon. Representative examples include carcinoma, lymphoma, and sarcoma.
Neoplasm of the rectum
MedGen UID:
11148
Concept ID:
C0034885
Neoplastic Process
A benign or malignant neoplasm that affects the rectum. Representative examples of benign neoplasms include lipoma and leiomyoma. Representative examples of malignant neoplasms include carcinoma, lymphoma, and sarcoma. Rectal adenomas always exhibit epithelial dysplasia and are considered premalignant neoplasms.
Astrocytoma
MedGen UID:
438
Concept ID:
C0004114
Neoplastic Process
Astrocytoma is a neoplasm of the central nervous system derived from astrocytes. Astrocytes are a type of glial cell, and thus astrocytoma is a subtype of glioma.
Glioblastoma multiforme
MedGen UID:
301585
Concept ID:
C1621958
Neoplastic Process
A tumor arising from glia in the central nervous system with macroscopic regions of necrosis and hemorrhage. Microscopically, glioblastoma multiforme is characterized by regions of pseudopalisading necrosis, pleomorphic nuclei and cells, and microvascular proliferation.
Axillary freckling
MedGen UID:
348082
Concept ID:
C1860335
Finding
The presence in the axillary region (armpit) of an increased number of freckles, small circular spots on the skin that are darker than the surrounding skin because of deposits of melanin.
Multiple cafe-au-lait spots
MedGen UID:
396266
Concept ID:
C1861975
Disease or Syndrome
The presence of six or more cafe-au-lait spots.
Lisch nodules
MedGen UID:
395461
Concept ID:
C1860334
Finding
The presence of pigmented, oval and dome-shaped raised hamartomatous nevi of the iris..

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Karpel HC, Slomovitz B, Coleman RL, Pothuri B
Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 2023 Jun 1;35(3):270-278. Epub 2023 Mar 20 doi: 10.1097/GCO.0000000000000855. PMID: 36943683
Taieb J, Svrcek M, Cohen R, Basile D, Tougeron D, Phelip JM
Eur J Cancer 2022 Nov;175:136-157. Epub 2022 Sep 14 doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2022.07.020. PMID: 36115290
Wimmer K, Kratz CP, Vasen HF, Caron O, Colas C, Entz-Werle N, Gerdes AM, Goldberg Y, Ilencikova D, Muleris M, Duval A, Lavoine N, Ruiz-Ponte C, Slavc I, Burkhardt B, Brugieres L; EU-Consortium Care for CMMRD (C4CMMRD)
J Med Genet 2014 Jun;51(6):355-65. Epub 2014 Apr 15 doi: 10.1136/jmedgenet-2014-102284. PMID: 24737826

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Karpel HC, Slomovitz B, Coleman RL, Pothuri B
Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 2023 Jun 1;35(3):270-278. Epub 2023 Mar 20 doi: 10.1097/GCO.0000000000000855. PMID: 36943683
Karpel H, Slomovitz B, Coleman RL, Pothuri B
Int J Gynecol Cancer 2023 Mar 6;33(3):343-350. doi: 10.1136/ijgc-2022-003676. PMID: 36878569
Taieb J, Svrcek M, Cohen R, Basile D, Tougeron D, Phelip JM
Eur J Cancer 2022 Nov;175:136-157. Epub 2022 Sep 14 doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2022.07.020. PMID: 36115290
André T, Shiu KK, Kim TW, Jensen BV, Jensen LH, Punt C, Smith D, Garcia-Carbonero R, Benavides M, Gibbs P, de la Fouchardiere C, Rivera F, Elez E, Bendell J, Le DT, Yoshino T, Van Cutsem E, Yang P, Farooqui MZH, Marinello P, Diaz LA Jr; KEYNOTE-177 Investigators
N Engl J Med 2020 Dec 3;383(23):2207-2218. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2017699. PMID: 33264544
Dinarvand P, Davaro EP, Doan JV, Ising ME, Evans NR, Phillips NJ, Lai J, Guzman MA
Arch Pathol Lab Med 2019 Nov;143(11):1382-1398. Epub 2019 May 9 doi: 10.5858/arpa.2018-0570-RA. PMID: 31070935

Diagnosis

Taieb J, Svrcek M, Cohen R, Basile D, Tougeron D, Phelip JM
Eur J Cancer 2022 Nov;175:136-157. Epub 2022 Sep 14 doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2022.07.020. PMID: 36115290
Olave MC, Graham RP
Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2022 Jun;61(6):314-321. Epub 2021 Dec 9 doi: 10.1002/gcc.23015. PMID: 34837268
Dinarvand P, Davaro EP, Doan JV, Ising ME, Evans NR, Phillips NJ, Lai J, Guzman MA
Arch Pathol Lab Med 2019 Nov;143(11):1382-1398. Epub 2019 May 9 doi: 10.5858/arpa.2018-0570-RA. PMID: 31070935
Le DT, Durham JN, Smith KN, Wang H, Bartlett BR, Aulakh LK, Lu S, Kemberling H, Wilt C, Luber BS, Wong F, Azad NS, Rucki AA, Laheru D, Donehower R, Zaheer A, Fisher GA, Crocenzi TS, Lee JJ, Greten TF, Duffy AG, Ciombor KK, Eyring AD, Lam BH, Joe A, Kang SP, Holdhoff M, Danilova L, Cope L, Meyer C, Zhou S, Goldberg RM, Armstrong DK, Bever KM, Fader AN, Taube J, Housseau F, Spetzler D, Xiao N, Pardoll DM, Papadopoulos N, Kinzler KW, Eshleman JR, Vogelstein B, Anders RA, Diaz LA Jr
Science 2017 Jul 28;357(6349):409-413. Epub 2017 Jun 8 doi: 10.1126/science.aan6733. PMID: 28596308Free PMC Article
Stelloo E, Jansen AML, Osse EM, Nout RA, Creutzberg CL, Ruano D, Church DN, Morreau H, Smit VTHBM, van Wezel T, Bosse T
Ann Oncol 2017 Jan 1;28(1):96-102. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdw542. PMID: 27742654

Therapy

Karpel H, Slomovitz B, Coleman RL, Pothuri B
Int J Gynecol Cancer 2023 Mar 6;33(3):343-350. doi: 10.1136/ijgc-2022-003676. PMID: 36878569
Taieb J, Svrcek M, Cohen R, Basile D, Tougeron D, Phelip JM
Eur J Cancer 2022 Nov;175:136-157. Epub 2022 Sep 14 doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2022.07.020. PMID: 36115290
André T, Shiu KK, Kim TW, Jensen BV, Jensen LH, Punt C, Smith D, Garcia-Carbonero R, Benavides M, Gibbs P, de la Fouchardiere C, Rivera F, Elez E, Bendell J, Le DT, Yoshino T, Van Cutsem E, Yang P, Farooqui MZH, Marinello P, Diaz LA Jr; KEYNOTE-177 Investigators
N Engl J Med 2020 Dec 3;383(23):2207-2218. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2017699. PMID: 33264544
Lichtenstern CR, Ngu RK, Shalapour S, Karin M
Cells 2020 Mar 4;9(3) doi: 10.3390/cells9030618. PMID: 32143413Free PMC Article
Le DT, Durham JN, Smith KN, Wang H, Bartlett BR, Aulakh LK, Lu S, Kemberling H, Wilt C, Luber BS, Wong F, Azad NS, Rucki AA, Laheru D, Donehower R, Zaheer A, Fisher GA, Crocenzi TS, Lee JJ, Greten TF, Duffy AG, Ciombor KK, Eyring AD, Lam BH, Joe A, Kang SP, Holdhoff M, Danilova L, Cope L, Meyer C, Zhou S, Goldberg RM, Armstrong DK, Bever KM, Fader AN, Taube J, Housseau F, Spetzler D, Xiao N, Pardoll DM, Papadopoulos N, Kinzler KW, Eshleman JR, Vogelstein B, Anders RA, Diaz LA Jr
Science 2017 Jul 28;357(6349):409-413. Epub 2017 Jun 8 doi: 10.1126/science.aan6733. PMID: 28596308Free PMC Article

Prognosis

Karpel H, Slomovitz B, Coleman RL, Pothuri B
Int J Gynecol Cancer 2023 Mar 6;33(3):343-350. doi: 10.1136/ijgc-2022-003676. PMID: 36878569
Taieb J, Svrcek M, Cohen R, Basile D, Tougeron D, Phelip JM
Eur J Cancer 2022 Nov;175:136-157. Epub 2022 Sep 14 doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2022.07.020. PMID: 36115290
Olave MC, Graham RP
Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2022 Jun;61(6):314-321. Epub 2021 Dec 9 doi: 10.1002/gcc.23015. PMID: 34837268
Dinarvand P, Davaro EP, Doan JV, Ising ME, Evans NR, Phillips NJ, Lai J, Guzman MA
Arch Pathol Lab Med 2019 Nov;143(11):1382-1398. Epub 2019 May 9 doi: 10.5858/arpa.2018-0570-RA. PMID: 31070935
Le DT, Durham JN, Smith KN, Wang H, Bartlett BR, Aulakh LK, Lu S, Kemberling H, Wilt C, Luber BS, Wong F, Azad NS, Rucki AA, Laheru D, Donehower R, Zaheer A, Fisher GA, Crocenzi TS, Lee JJ, Greten TF, Duffy AG, Ciombor KK, Eyring AD, Lam BH, Joe A, Kang SP, Holdhoff M, Danilova L, Cope L, Meyer C, Zhou S, Goldberg RM, Armstrong DK, Bever KM, Fader AN, Taube J, Housseau F, Spetzler D, Xiao N, Pardoll DM, Papadopoulos N, Kinzler KW, Eshleman JR, Vogelstein B, Anders RA, Diaz LA Jr
Science 2017 Jul 28;357(6349):409-413. Epub 2017 Jun 8 doi: 10.1126/science.aan6733. PMID: 28596308Free PMC Article

Clinical prediction guides

de Vries NL, van de Haar J, Veninga V, Chalabi M, Ijsselsteijn ME, van der Ploeg M, van den Bulk J, Ruano D, van den Berg JG, Haanen JB, Zeverijn LJ, Geurts BS, de Wit GF, Battaglia TW, Gelderblom H, Verheul HMW, Schumacher TN, Wessels LFA, Koning F, de Miranda NFCC, Voest EE
Nature 2023 Jan;613(7945):743-750. Epub 2023 Jan 11 doi: 10.1038/s41586-022-05593-1. PMID: 36631610Free PMC Article
Taieb J, Svrcek M, Cohen R, Basile D, Tougeron D, Phelip JM
Eur J Cancer 2022 Nov;175:136-157. Epub 2022 Sep 14 doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2022.07.020. PMID: 36115290
Olave MC, Graham RP
Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2022 Jun;61(6):314-321. Epub 2021 Dec 9 doi: 10.1002/gcc.23015. PMID: 34837268
André T, Shiu KK, Kim TW, Jensen BV, Jensen LH, Punt C, Smith D, Garcia-Carbonero R, Benavides M, Gibbs P, de la Fouchardiere C, Rivera F, Elez E, Bendell J, Le DT, Yoshino T, Van Cutsem E, Yang P, Farooqui MZH, Marinello P, Diaz LA Jr; KEYNOTE-177 Investigators
N Engl J Med 2020 Dec 3;383(23):2207-2218. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2017699. PMID: 33264544
Le DT, Durham JN, Smith KN, Wang H, Bartlett BR, Aulakh LK, Lu S, Kemberling H, Wilt C, Luber BS, Wong F, Azad NS, Rucki AA, Laheru D, Donehower R, Zaheer A, Fisher GA, Crocenzi TS, Lee JJ, Greten TF, Duffy AG, Ciombor KK, Eyring AD, Lam BH, Joe A, Kang SP, Holdhoff M, Danilova L, Cope L, Meyer C, Zhou S, Goldberg RM, Armstrong DK, Bever KM, Fader AN, Taube J, Housseau F, Spetzler D, Xiao N, Pardoll DM, Papadopoulos N, Kinzler KW, Eshleman JR, Vogelstein B, Anders RA, Diaz LA Jr
Science 2017 Jul 28;357(6349):409-413. Epub 2017 Jun 8 doi: 10.1126/science.aan6733. PMID: 28596308Free PMC Article

Recent systematic reviews

Fassi E, Mandruzzato M, Zamparini M, Bianchi S, Petrelli F, Baggi A, Alberti A, Grisanti S, Berruti A
Lung Cancer 2023 May;179:107176. Epub 2023 Mar 22 doi: 10.1016/j.lungcan.2023.107176. PMID: 37015149
Mitric C, Salman L, Abrahamyan L, Kim SR, Pechlivanoglou P, Chan KKW, Gien LT, Ferguson SE
Gynecol Oncol 2023 Mar;170:133-142. Epub 2023 Jan 20 doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2022.12.008. PMID: 36682091
Eikenboom EL, Moen S, van Leeuwen L, Geurts-Giele WRR, Tops CMJ, van Ham TJ, Dinjens WNM, Dubbink HJ, Spaander MCW, Wagner A
HGG Adv 2023 Jan 12;4(1):100167. Epub 2022 Dec 14 doi: 10.1016/j.xhgg.2022.100167. PMID: 36624813Free PMC Article
Atwal A, Snowsill T, Dandy MC, Krum T, Newton C, Evans DG, Crosbie EJ, Ryan NAJ
Int J Cancer 2022 Nov 1;151(9):1626-1639. Epub 2022 Jul 6 doi: 10.1002/ijc.34165. PMID: 35792468Free PMC Article
Baxter NN, Kennedy EB, Bergsland E, Berlin J, George TJ, Gill S, Gold PJ, Hantel A, Jones L, Lieu C, Mahmoud N, Morris AM, Ruiz-Garcia E, You YN, Meyerhardt JA
J Clin Oncol 2022 Mar 10;40(8):892-910. Epub 2021 Dec 22 doi: 10.1200/JCO.21.02538. PMID: 34936379

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