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Cortical dysplasia, complex, with other brain malformations 11(CDCBM11)

MedGen UID:
1824043
Concept ID:
C5774270
Disease or Syndrome
Synonym: CDCBM11
 
Gene (location): KIF26A (14q32.33)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0859332
OMIM®: 620156

Definition

Complex cortical dysplasia with other brain malformations-11 (CDCBM11) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by dilated ventricles and reduced white matter and associated with axonal developmental defects (Qian et al., 2022). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of CDCBM, see CDCBM1 (614039). [from OMIM]

Clinical features

From HPO
Brachydactyly
MedGen UID:
67454
Concept ID:
C0221357
Congenital Abnormality
Digits that appear disproportionately short compared to the hand/foot. The word brachydactyly is used here to describe a series distinct patterns of shortened digits (brachydactyly types A-E). This is the sense used here.
Growth delay
MedGen UID:
99124
Concept ID:
C0456070
Pathologic Function
A deficiency or slowing down of growth pre- and postnatally.
Ileus
MedGen UID:
219874
Concept ID:
C1258215
Disease or Syndrome
Acute obstruction of the intestines preventing passage of the contents of the intestines.
Low-set ears
MedGen UID:
65980
Concept ID:
C0239234
Congenital Abnormality
Upper insertion of the ear to the scalp below an imaginary horizontal line drawn between the inner canthi of the eye and extending posteriorly to the ear.
Hydrocephalus
MedGen UID:
9335
Concept ID:
C0020255
Disease or Syndrome
Hydrocephalus is an active distension of the ventricular system of the brain resulting from inadequate passage of CSF from its point of production within the cerebral ventricles to its point of absorption into the systemic circulation.
Seizure
MedGen UID:
20693
Concept ID:
C0036572
Sign or Symptom
A seizure is an intermittent abnormality of nervous system physiology characterized by a transient occurrence of signs and/or symptoms due to abnormal excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain.
Corpus callosum, agenesis of
MedGen UID:
104498
Concept ID:
C0175754
Congenital Abnormality
The corpus callosum is the largest fiber tract in the central nervous system and the major interhemispheric fiber bundle in the brain. Formation of the corpus callosum begins as early as 6 weeks' gestation, with the first fibers crossing the midline at 11 to 12 weeks' gestation, and completion of the basic shape by age 18 to 20 weeks (Schell-Apacik et al., 2008). Agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC) is one of the most frequent malformations in brain with a reported incidence ranging between 0.5 and 70 in 10,000 births. ACC is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous condition, which can be observed either as an isolated condition or as a manifestation in the context of a congenital syndrome (see MOLECULAR GENETICS and Dobyns, 1996). Also see mirror movements-1 and/or agenesis of the corpus callosum (MRMV1; 157600). Schell-Apacik et al. (2008) noted that there is confusion in the literature regarding radiologic terminology concerning partial absence of the corpus callosum, where various designations have been used, including hypogenesis, hypoplasia, partial agenesis, or dysgenesis.
Cerebral atrophy
MedGen UID:
116012
Concept ID:
C0235946
Disease or Syndrome
Atrophy (wasting, decrease in size of cells or tissue) affecting the cerebrum.
Polymicrogyria
MedGen UID:
78605
Concept ID:
C0266464
Congenital Abnormality
Polymicrogyria is a congenital malformation of the cerebral cortex characterized by abnormal cortical layering (lamination) and an excessive number of small gyri (folds).
Schizencephaly
MedGen UID:
78606
Concept ID:
C0266484
Congenital Abnormality
Brunelli et al. (1996) described schizencephaly as an extremely rare congenital disorder characterized by a full-thickness cleft within the cerebral hemispheres. The clefts are lined with gray matter and most commonly involve the parasylvian regions (Wolpert and Barnes, 1992). Large portions of the cerebral hemispheres may be absent and replaced by cerebrospinal fluid. Two types of schizencephaly have been described, depending on the size of the area involved and the separation of the cleft lips (Wolpert and Barnes, 1992). Type I schizencephaly consists of a fused cleft. This fused pial-ependymal seam forms a furrow in the developing brain, and is lined by polymicrogyric gray matter. In type II schizencephaly, there is a large defect, a holohemispheric cleft in the cerebral cortex filled with fluid and lined by polymicrogyric gray matter. The clinical manifestations depend on the severity of the lesion. Patients with type I are often almost normal; they may have seizures and spasticity. In type II abnormalities, there is usually mental retardation, seizures, hypotonia, spasticity, inability to walk or speak, and blindness. Schizencephaly may be part of the larger phenotypic spectrum of holoprosencephaly (HPE; see 236100).
Hypoplasia of the corpus callosum
MedGen UID:
138005
Concept ID:
C0344482
Congenital Abnormality
Underdevelopment of the corpus callosum.
Colpocephaly
MedGen UID:
98131
Concept ID:
C0431384
Congenital Abnormality
Colpocephaly is an anatomic finding in the brain manifested by occipital horns that are disproportionately enlarged in comparison with other parts of the lateral ventricles.
Global developmental delay
MedGen UID:
107838
Concept ID:
C0557874
Finding
A delay in the achievement of motor or mental milestones in the domains of development of a child, including motor skills, speech and language, cognitive skills, and social and emotional skills. This term should only be used to describe children younger than five years of age.
Ventriculomegaly
MedGen UID:
480553
Concept ID:
C3278923
Finding
An increase in size of the ventricular system of the brain.
Reduced cerebral white matter volume
MedGen UID:
1815057
Concept ID:
C5706151
Finding
An abnormally low volume of the white matter of the brain.
Micrognathia
MedGen UID:
44428
Concept ID:
C0025990
Congenital Abnormality
Developmental hypoplasia of the mandible.
Hypotonia
MedGen UID:
10133
Concept ID:
C0026827
Finding
Hypotonia is an abnormally low muscle tone (the amount of tension or resistance to movement in a muscle). Even when relaxed, muscles have a continuous and passive partial contraction which provides some resistance to passive stretching. Hypotonia thus manifests as diminished resistance to passive stretching. Hypotonia is not the same as muscle weakness, although the two conditions can co-exist.
Retrognathia
MedGen UID:
19766
Concept ID:
C0035353
Congenital Abnormality
An abnormality in which the mandible is mislocalised posteriorly.
Congenital contracture
MedGen UID:
83066
Concept ID:
C0332878
Congenital Abnormality
One or more flexion contractures (a bent joint that cannot be straightened actively or passively) that are present at birth.
High palate
MedGen UID:
66814
Concept ID:
C0240635
Congenital Abnormality
Height of the palate more than 2 SD above the mean (objective) or palatal height at the level of the first permanent molar more than twice the height of the teeth (subjective).
Short neck
MedGen UID:
99267
Concept ID:
C0521525
Finding
Diminished length of the neck.
Smooth philtrum
MedGen UID:
222980
Concept ID:
C1142533
Finding
Flat skin surface, with no ridge formation in the central region of the upper lip between the nasal base and upper vermilion border.
High, narrow palate
MedGen UID:
324787
Concept ID:
C1837404
Finding
The presence of a high and narrow palate.
Narrow forehead
MedGen UID:
326956
Concept ID:
C1839758
Finding
Width of the forehead or distance between the frontotemporales is more than two standard deviations below the mean (objective); or apparently narrow intertemporal region (subjective).
Short philtrum
MedGen UID:
350006
Concept ID:
C1861324
Finding
Distance between nasal base and midline upper lip vermilion border more than 2 SD below the mean. Alternatively, an apparently decreased distance between nasal base and midline upper lip vermilion border.
Long philtrum
MedGen UID:
351278
Concept ID:
C1865014
Finding
Distance between nasal base and midline upper lip vermilion border more than 2 SD above the mean. Alternatively, an apparently increased distance between nasal base and midline upper lip vermilion border.
Narrow palpebral fissure
MedGen UID:
382506
Concept ID:
C2675021
Finding
Reduction in the vertical distance between the upper and lower eyelids.
Synophrys
MedGen UID:
98132
Concept ID:
C0431447
Congenital Abnormality
Meeting of the medial eyebrows in the midline.
Absence of stomach bubble on fetal sonography
MedGen UID:
869203
Concept ID:
C4023625
Finding
By the 14th week of gestation it is nearly always possible to visualized the fluid-filled fetal stomach bubble on prenatal sonography. This term refers to the absence of a normal fetal stomach bubble on fetal ultrasonography performed at around 16 to 20 weeks' gestation.
Hypotelorism
MedGen UID:
96107
Concept ID:
C0424711
Finding
Interpupillary distance less than 2 SD below the mean (alternatively, the appearance of an decreased interpupillary distance or closely spaced eyes).

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Togi S, Ura H, Hatanaka H, Niida Y
Int J Mol Sci 2022 Sep 22;23(19) doi: 10.3390/ijms231911175. PMID: 36232477Free PMC Article
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Eur J Med Genet 2021 Oct;64(10):104309. Epub 2021 Aug 14 doi: 10.1016/j.ejmg.2021.104309. PMID: 34403804
Ebrahimi-Fakhari D, Franz DN
Expert Opin Pharmacother 2020 Aug;21(11):1329-1336. Epub 2020 Apr 27 doi: 10.1080/14656566.2020.1751124. PMID: 32338549

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Calì E, Lin SJ, Rocca C, Sahin Y, Al Shamsi A, El Chehadeh S, Chaabouni M, Mankad K, Galanaki E, Efthymiou S, Sudhakar S, Athanasiou-Fragkouli A, Çelik T, Narlı N, Bianca S, Murphy D, De Carvalho Moreira FM; SYNaPS Study Group, Andrea Accogli, Petree C, Huang K, Monastiri K, Edizadeh M, Nardello R, Ognibene M, De Marco P, Ruggieri M, Zara F, Striano P, Şahin Y, Al-Gazali L, Abi Warde MT, Gerard B, Zifarelli G, Beetz C, Fortuna S, Soler M, Valente EM, Varshney G, Maroofian R, Salpietro V, Houlden H
Genet Med 2022 Oct;24(10):2194-2203. Epub 2022 Aug 24 doi: 10.1016/j.gim.2022.07.013. PMID: 36001086Free PMC Article
Numoto S, Kurahashi H, Sato A, Kubota M, Shiihara T, Okanishi T, Tanaka R, Kuki I, Fukuyama T, Kashiwagi M, Ikeno M, Kubota K, Akasaka M, Mimaki M, Okumura A
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2021 Jan 6;16(1):5. doi: 10.1186/s13023-020-01646-8. PMID: 33407677Free PMC Article
Thiele EA, Bebin EM, Bhathal H, Jansen FE, Kotulska K, Lawson JA, O'Callaghan FJ, Wong M, Sahebkar F, Checketts D, Knappertz V; GWPCARE6 Study Group
JAMA Neurol 2021 Mar 1;78(3):285-292. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2020.4607. PMID: 33346789Free PMC Article
Manara R, Brotto D, Bugin S, Pelizza MF, Sartori S, Nosadini M, Azzolini S, Iaconetta G, Parazzini C, Murgia A, Peron A, Canevini P, Labriola F, Vignoli A, Toldo I
Neuroradiology 2018 Aug;60(8):813-820. Epub 2018 Jun 17 doi: 10.1007/s00234-018-2045-x. PMID: 29909560
Steiner JE, McCoy GN, Hess CP, Dobyns WB, Metry DW, Drolet BA, Maheshwari M, Siegel DH
Am J Med Genet A 2018 Jan;176(1):48-55. Epub 2017 Nov 24 doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.38523. PMID: 29171184Free PMC Article

Diagnosis

Togi S, Ura H, Hatanaka H, Niida Y
Int J Mol Sci 2022 Sep 22;23(19) doi: 10.3390/ijms231911175. PMID: 36232477Free PMC Article
Numoto S, Kurahashi H, Sato A, Kubota M, Shiihara T, Okanishi T, Tanaka R, Kuki I, Fukuyama T, Kashiwagi M, Ikeno M, Kubota K, Akasaka M, Mimaki M, Okumura A
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2021 Jan 6;16(1):5. doi: 10.1186/s13023-020-01646-8. PMID: 33407677Free PMC Article
Thiele EA, Bebin EM, Bhathal H, Jansen FE, Kotulska K, Lawson JA, O'Callaghan FJ, Wong M, Sahebkar F, Checketts D, Knappertz V; GWPCARE6 Study Group
JAMA Neurol 2021 Mar 1;78(3):285-292. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2020.4607. PMID: 33346789Free PMC Article
Ebrahimi-Fakhari D, Franz DN
Expert Opin Pharmacother 2020 Aug;21(11):1329-1336. Epub 2020 Apr 27 doi: 10.1080/14656566.2020.1751124. PMID: 32338549
Steiner JE, McCoy GN, Hess CP, Dobyns WB, Metry DW, Drolet BA, Maheshwari M, Siegel DH
Am J Med Genet A 2018 Jan;176(1):48-55. Epub 2017 Nov 24 doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.38523. PMID: 29171184Free PMC Article

Therapy

Leitner DF, Kanshin E, Askenazi M, Siu Y, Friedman D, Devore S, Jones D, Ueberheide B, Wisniewski T, Devinsky O
PLoS One 2022;17(5):e0268597. Epub 2022 May 19 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0268597. PMID: 35587487Free PMC Article
Zöllner JP, Grau J, Rosenow F, Sauter M, Knuf M, Kurlemann G, Mayer T, Hertzberg C, Bertsche A, Immisch I, Klein KM, Knake S, Marquard K, Meyer S, Noda AH, von Podewils F, Schäfer H, Thiels C, Willems LM, Zukunft B, Schubert-Bast S, Strzelczyk A
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2021 Jun 2;16(1):250. doi: 10.1186/s13023-021-01838-w. PMID: 34078440Free PMC Article
Thiele EA, Bebin EM, Bhathal H, Jansen FE, Kotulska K, Lawson JA, O'Callaghan FJ, Wong M, Sahebkar F, Checketts D, Knappertz V; GWPCARE6 Study Group
JAMA Neurol 2021 Mar 1;78(3):285-292. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2020.4607. PMID: 33346789Free PMC Article
Ebrahimi-Fakhari D, Franz DN
Expert Opin Pharmacother 2020 Aug;21(11):1329-1336. Epub 2020 Apr 27 doi: 10.1080/14656566.2020.1751124. PMID: 32338549
van der Poest Clement EA, Sahin M, Peters JM
J Child Neurol 2018 Jul;33(8):519-524. Epub 2018 Apr 24 doi: 10.1177/0883073818768309. PMID: 29687739

Prognosis

Numoto S, Kurahashi H, Sato A, Kubota M, Shiihara T, Okanishi T, Tanaka R, Kuki I, Fukuyama T, Kashiwagi M, Ikeno M, Kubota K, Akasaka M, Mimaki M, Okumura A
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2021 Jan 6;16(1):5. doi: 10.1186/s13023-020-01646-8. PMID: 33407677Free PMC Article
Thiele EA, Bebin EM, Bhathal H, Jansen FE, Kotulska K, Lawson JA, O'Callaghan FJ, Wong M, Sahebkar F, Checketts D, Knappertz V; GWPCARE6 Study Group
JAMA Neurol 2021 Mar 1;78(3):285-292. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2020.4607. PMID: 33346789Free PMC Article
van der Poest Clement EA, Sahin M, Peters JM
J Child Neurol 2018 Jul;33(8):519-524. Epub 2018 Apr 24 doi: 10.1177/0883073818768309. PMID: 29687739
Kotulska K, Jurkiewicz E, Domańska-Pakieła D, Grajkowska W, Mandera M, Borkowska J, Jóźwiak S
Eur J Paediatr Neurol 2014 Nov;18(6):714-21. Epub 2014 Jul 5 doi: 10.1016/j.ejpn.2014.06.009. PMID: 25030328
Kumar A, Asano E, Chugani HT
Biomark Med 2011 Oct;5(5):577-84. doi: 10.2217/bmm.11.68. PMID: 22003906Free PMC Article

Clinical prediction guides

Manara R, Brotto D, Bugin S, Pelizza MF, Sartori S, Nosadini M, Azzolini S, Iaconetta G, Parazzini C, Murgia A, Peron A, Canevini P, Labriola F, Vignoli A, Toldo I
Neuroradiology 2018 Aug;60(8):813-820. Epub 2018 Jun 17 doi: 10.1007/s00234-018-2045-x. PMID: 29909560
Steiner JE, McCoy GN, Hess CP, Dobyns WB, Metry DW, Drolet BA, Maheshwari M, Siegel DH
Am J Med Genet A 2018 Jan;176(1):48-55. Epub 2017 Nov 24 doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.38523. PMID: 29171184Free PMC Article
Kumar A, Asano E, Chugani HT
Biomark Med 2011 Oct;5(5):577-84. doi: 10.2217/bmm.11.68. PMID: 22003906Free PMC Article
Nishida M, Asano E, Juhász C, Muzik O, Sood S, Chugani HT
Hum Brain Mapp 2008 Nov;29(11):1255-64. doi: 10.1002/hbm.20461. PMID: 17948886Free PMC Article
Soto-Ares G, Delmaire C, Deries B, Vallee L, Pruvo JP
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2000 Sep;21(8):1511-9. PMID: 11003288Free PMC Article

Recent systematic reviews

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