U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination

Spermatocele

MedGen UID:
20857
Concept ID:
C0037859
Disease or Syndrome
Synonym: Spermatoceles
SNOMED CT: Spermatic cyst (49263001); Spermatocele (49263001)
 
HPO: HP:0033808
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0006977

Definition

A cystic structure arising from the epididymis, rete testis or efferent ductuli. These structures are filled with spermatozoa containing fluid that may be milky. These cysts are usually outside the tunica vaginalis and, as with hydrocele, transluminate easily. [from HPO]

Conditions with this feature

Azoospermia, obstructive, with nephrolithiasis
MedGen UID:
1779119
Concept ID:
C5542351
Disease or Syndrome
Obstructive azoospermia with nephrolithiasis (OAZON) is characterized by male infertility due to obstruction at the head of the epididymis, as well as hypercalciuria and kidney stones (Askari et al., 2019).

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Brockman S, Roadman D, Bajic P, Levine LA
Urology 2022 Jun;164:273-277. Epub 2021 Dec 29 doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2021.12.009. PMID: 34968574
Takihara H
Urology 1998 May;51(5A Suppl):150-5. doi: 10.1016/s0090-4295(98)00089-2. PMID: 9610572
Yoshida H, Miyamoto K, Yoshida T, Ogawa H, Imamura K
J Androl 1986 Jul-Aug;7(4):220-3. doi: 10.1002/j.1939-4640.1986.tb00917.x. PMID: 3745009

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Rew KT, Langan RC, Hadj-Moussa M, Heidelbaugh JJ
FP Essent 2021 Apr;503:23-27. PMID: 33856180
Lundström KJ, Söderström L, Jernow H, Stattin P, Nordin P
Scand J Urol 2019 Apr-Jun;53(2-3):134-138. Epub 2019 Apr 16 doi: 10.1080/21681805.2019.1600582. PMID: 30990342
Abdulwahed SR, Mohamed EE, Taha EA, Saleh MA, Abdelsalam YM, ElGanainy EO
Urology 2013 May;81(5):967-71. Epub 2013 Feb 28 doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2013.01.001. PMID: 23453653
Rioja J, Sánchez-Margallo FM, Usón J, Rioja LA
BJU Int 2011 Jun;107(11):1852-64. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2011.10353.x. PMID: 21592287
Bhatt S, Jafri SZ, Wasserman N, Dogra VS
Diagn Interv Radiol 2011 Mar;17(1):52-63. Epub 2010 Jun 30 doi: 10.4261/1305-3825.DIR.3116-09.0. PMID: 20677130

Diagnosis

Boscarelli A, Bellini T
Eur J Pediatr 2021 Sep;180(9):2723-2729. Epub 2021 Apr 14 doi: 10.1007/s00431-021-04080-5. PMID: 33851241
Lundström KJ, Söderström L, Jernow H, Stattin P, Nordin P
Scand J Urol 2019 Apr-Jun;53(2-3):134-138. Epub 2019 Apr 16 doi: 10.1080/21681805.2019.1600582. PMID: 30990342
Rioja J, Sánchez-Margallo FM, Usón J, Rioja LA
BJU Int 2011 Jun;107(11):1852-64. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2011.10353.x. PMID: 21592287
Rubenstein RA, Dogra VS, Seftel AD, Resnick MI
J Urol 2004 May;171(5):1765-72. doi: 10.1097/01.ju.0000123083.98845.88. PMID: 15076274
Junnila J, Lassen P
Am Fam Physician 1998 Feb 15;57(4):685-92. PMID: 9490992

Therapy

Low LS, Nair SM, Davies AJW, Akapita T, Holmes MA
ANZ J Surg 2020 Jan;90(1-2):57-61. Epub 2019 Oct 18 doi: 10.1111/ans.15467. PMID: 31628703
Jahnson S, Rosell J, Aljabery F
BJU Int 2019 May;123(5A):E63-E68. Epub 2018 Oct 23 doi: 10.1111/bju.14562. PMID: 30253006
Ebrahimi SRS, Enamzadeh E, Babaei H
Curr Clin Pharmacol 2017;12(4):223-230. doi: 10.2174/1574884713666180223121828. PMID: 29473522
Rossi V, Sartori A, Bordin G, Parolini F, Morandi A, Arnoldi R, Brisighelli G, Leva E, Torricelli EM
Minerva Pediatr 2013 Jun;65(3):261-9. PMID: 23685377
Fischer MA, Grantmyre JE
Urology 2003 Feb;61(2):417-20. doi: 10.1016/s0090-4295(02)02266-5. PMID: 12597959

Prognosis

Zhao L, Yu Z, Zhang Z
J Vis Exp 2023 Mar 31;(193) doi: 10.3791/64083. PMID: 37067264
Lundström KJ, Söderström L, Jernow H, Stattin P, Nordin P
Scand J Urol 2019 Apr-Jun;53(2-3):134-138. Epub 2019 Apr 16 doi: 10.1080/21681805.2019.1600582. PMID: 30990342
Weatherly D, Wise PG, Mendoca S, Loeb A, Cheng Y, Chen JJ, Steinhardt G
Am J Mens Health 2018 May;12(3):612-616. Epub 2016 Apr 26 doi: 10.1177/1557988316644976. PMID: 27118455Free PMC Article
Shah VS, Nepple KG, Lee DK
J Urol 2014 Oct;192(4):1179-82. Epub 2014 Apr 25 doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2014.04.085. PMID: 24768992
Rioja J, Sánchez-Margallo FM, Usón J, Rioja LA
BJU Int 2011 Jun;107(11):1852-64. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2011.10353.x. PMID: 21592287

Clinical prediction guides

Low LS, Nair SM, Davies AJW, Akapita T, Holmes MA
ANZ J Surg 2020 Jan;90(1-2):57-61. Epub 2019 Oct 18 doi: 10.1111/ans.15467. PMID: 31628703
Jahnson S, Rosell J, Aljabery F
BJU Int 2019 May;123(5A):E63-E68. Epub 2018 Oct 23 doi: 10.1111/bju.14562. PMID: 30253006
Hou Y, Zhang Y, Li G, Wang W, Li H
Urology 2018 Dec;122:97-103. Epub 2018 Aug 22 doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2018.08.007. PMID: 30142407
Weatherly D, Wise PG, Mendoca S, Loeb A, Cheng Y, Chen JJ, Steinhardt G
Am J Mens Health 2018 May;12(3):612-616. Epub 2016 Apr 26 doi: 10.1177/1557988316644976. PMID: 27118455Free PMC Article
Abdulwahed SR, Mohamed EE, Taha EA, Saleh MA, Abdelsalam YM, ElGanainy EO
Urology 2013 May;81(5):967-71. Epub 2013 Feb 28 doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2013.01.001. PMID: 23453653

Supplemental Content

Table of contents

    Clinical resources

    Practice guidelines

    • PubMed
      See practice and clinical guidelines in PubMed. The search results may include broader topics and may not capture all published guidelines. See the FAQ for details.

    Consumer resources

    Recent activity

    Your browsing activity is empty.

    Activity recording is turned off.

    Turn recording back on

    See more...