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Anorchism

MedGen UID:
226794
Concept ID:
C1261504
Congenital Abnormality
Synonyms: Absence of testes; Anorchia; Empty scrotum
SNOMED CT: Congenital absence of both testes (371015003); Anorchidism (371015003); Bilateral congenital aplasia of testicles (371015003); Male agonadism (371015003); Congenital absent testes (371015003); Anorchia (371015003); Anorchism (371015003)
 
HPO: HP:0030869

Definition

An abnormality of XY sexual development characterized by the absence of both testes at birth. [from HPO]

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Hazebroek FW, Molenaar JC
J Urol 1992 Aug;148(2 Pt 2):629-31. doi: 10.1016/s0022-5347(17)36674-0. PMID: 1353544

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Rose M, Aberg M, Bohn J
Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg Hand Surg 2008;42(2):101-4. doi: 10.1080/02844310701811274. PMID: 18335355

Diagnosis

Bhowmick SK, Gidvani VK
Endocr Pract 2000 Jan-Feb;6(1):8-12. doi: 10.4158/EP.6.1.8. PMID: 11419920
Tzvetkov D, Tzvetkova P, Kanchev L
Arch Androl 1994 May-Jun;32(3):243-9. doi: 10.3109/01485019408987792. PMID: 8074580
Girard J, Hadziselimovic F
Eur J Pediatr 1987;146 Suppl 2:S18-20. doi: 10.1007/BF00452862. PMID: 2891512
Reckler JM, Rose LI, Harrison JH
J Urol 1975 Jun;113(6):869-70. doi: 10.1016/s0022-5347(17)59602-0. PMID: 1152164
Bablok L, Janczewski Z, Czaplicki M
Int Urol Nephrol 1974;6(3-4):201-8. doi: 10.1007/BF02089266. PMID: 4282083

Therapy

Bhowmick SK, Gidvani VK
Endocr Pract 2000 Jan-Feb;6(1):8-12. doi: 10.4158/EP.6.1.8. PMID: 11419920
Tzvetkov D, Tzvetkova P, Kanchev L
Arch Androl 1994 May-Jun;32(3):243-9. doi: 10.3109/01485019408987792. PMID: 8074580
Jarow JP, Berkovitz GD, Migeon CJ, Gearhart JP, Walsh PC
J Urol 1986 Jul;136(1 Pt 2):277-9. doi: 10.1016/s0022-5347(17)44840-3. PMID: 2873261
Reckler JM, Rose LI, Harrison JH
J Urol 1975 Jun;113(6):869-70. doi: 10.1016/s0022-5347(17)59602-0. PMID: 1152164
Bablok L, Janczewski Z, Czaplicki M
Int Urol Nephrol 1974;6(3-4):201-8. doi: 10.1007/BF02089266. PMID: 4282083

Prognosis

Leung AK, Wong AL, Kao CP
South Med J 2003 Aug;96(8):809-10. doi: 10.1097/01.SMJ.0000054918.59409.A7. PMID: 14515925
Levitt SB, Kogan SJ, Schneider KM, Becker JM, Sobel EH, Mortimer RH, Engel RM
Urology 1978 Jan;11(1):11-7. doi: 10.1016/0090-4295(78)90192-9. PMID: 23600

Clinical prediction guides

Lustig RH, Conte FA, Kogan BA, Grumbach MM
J Urol 1987 Sep;138(3):587-91. doi: 10.1016/s0022-5347(17)43266-6. PMID: 3114503
Connors MH, Styne DM
J Urol 1985 Jun;133(6):1049-51. doi: 10.1016/s0022-5347(17)49374-8. PMID: 3999209
Levitt SB, Kogan SJ, Schneider KM, Becker JM, Sobel EH, Mortimer RH, Engel RM
Urology 1978 Jan;11(1):11-7. doi: 10.1016/0090-4295(78)90192-9. PMID: 23600

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