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Familial partial lipodystrophy, Kobberling type(FPLD1)

MedGen UID:
318591
Concept ID:
C1720859
Disease or Syndrome
Synonym: Familial partial lipodystrophy 1
SNOMED CT: Familial partial lipodystrophy Kobberling type (725035001); Familial partial lipodystrophy type 1 (725035001)
Modes of inheritance:
Autosomal dominant inheritance
MedGen UID:
141047
Concept ID:
C0443147
Intellectual Product
Source: Orphanet
A mode of inheritance that is observed for traits related to a gene encoded on one of the autosomes (i.e., the human chromosomes 1-22) in which a trait manifests in heterozygotes. In the context of medical genetics, an autosomal dominant disorder is caused when a single copy of the mutant allele is present. Males and females are affected equally, and can both transmit the disorder with a risk of 50% for each child of inheriting the mutant allele.
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0012072
OMIM®: 608600
Orphanet: ORPHA79084

Definition

Familial partial lipodystrophy type 1 (FPLD1), or Kobberling-type lipodystrophy, is characterized by loss of adipose tissue confined to the extremities, with normal or increased distribution of fat on the face, neck, and trunk (Kobberling and Dunnigan, 1986). For a general description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of familial partial lipodystrophy (FPLD), see 151660. [from OMIM]

Clinical features

From HPO
Coronary artery atherosclerosis
MedGen UID:
3623
Concept ID:
C0010054
Disease or Syndrome
Reduction of the diameter of the coronary arteries as the result of an accumulation of atheromatous plaques within the walls of the coronary arteries, which increases the risk of myocardial ischemia.
Hypertensive disorder
MedGen UID:
6969
Concept ID:
C0020538
Disease or Syndrome
The presence of chronic increased pressure in the systemic arterial system.
Hepatomegaly
MedGen UID:
42428
Concept ID:
C0019209
Finding
Abnormally increased size of the liver.
Lipodystrophy
MedGen UID:
6111
Concept ID:
C0023787
Disease or Syndrome
Degenerative changes of the fat tissue.
Loss of subcutaneous adipose tissue in limbs
MedGen UID:
325248
Concept ID:
C1837764
Finding
Loss (disappearance) of previously present subcutaneous fat tissue in arm or leg.
Increased subcutaneous truncal adipose tissue
MedGen UID:
325256
Concept ID:
C1837781
Finding
The presence of an abnormally increased amount of subcutaneous adipose tissue in the trunk of the body.
Abnormality of the musculature
MedGen UID:
867380
Concept ID:
C4021745
Anatomical Abnormality
Abnormality originating in one or more muscles, i.e., of the set of muscles of body.
Loss of gluteal subcutaneous adipose tissue
MedGen UID:
870173
Concept ID:
C4024606
Finding
Loss (reduction of previously present) of subcutaneous adipose tissue in the gluteal region.
Acute pancreatitis
MedGen UID:
7872
Concept ID:
C0001339
Disease or Syndrome
A acute form of pancreatitis.
Hyperglycemia
MedGen UID:
5689
Concept ID:
C0020456
Disease or Syndrome
An increased concentration of glucose in the blood.
Hypertriglyceridemia
MedGen UID:
167238
Concept ID:
C0813230
Finding
An abnormal increase in the level of triglycerides in the blood.
Insulin-resistant diabetes mellitus
MedGen UID:
163439
Concept ID:
C0854110
Disease or Syndrome
A type of diabetes mellitus related not to lack of insulin but rather to lack of response to insulin on the part of the target tissues of insulin such as muscle, fat, and liver cells. This type of diabetes is typically associated with increases both in blood glucose concentrations as well as in fasting and postprandial serum insulin levels.
Increased adipose tissue around the neck
MedGen UID:
871356
Concept ID:
C4025850
Finding
An increased amount of subcutaneous fat tissue around the neck.
Increased facial adipose tissue
MedGen UID:
871372
Concept ID:
C4025868
Finding
An increased amount of subcutaneous fat tissue in the face.
Acanthosis nigricans
MedGen UID:
54
Concept ID:
C0000889
Disease or Syndrome
A dermatosis characterized by thickened, hyperpigmented plaques, typically on the intertriginous surfaces and neck.
Xanthomatosis
MedGen UID:
21939
Concept ID:
C0043325
Disease or Syndrome
The presence of multiple xanthomas (xanthomata) in the skin. Xanthomas are yellowish, firm, lipid-laden nodules in the skin.
Prominent superficial veins
MedGen UID:
324870
Concept ID:
C1837785
Finding
A condition in which superficial veins (i.e., veins just under the skin) are more conspicuous or noticable than normal.

Term Hierarchy

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Aslesh T, Yokota T
Methods Mol Biol 2020;2176:69-85. doi: 10.1007/978-1-0716-0771-8_5. PMID: 32865783
Agostini M, Schoenmakers E, Beig J, Fairall L, Szatmari I, Rajanayagam O, Muskett FW, Adams C, Marais AD, O'Rahilly S, Semple RK, Nagy L, Majithia AR, Schwabe JWR, Blom DJ, Murphy R, Chatterjee K, Savage DB
Diabetes 2018 Jun;67(6):1086-1092. Epub 2018 Apr 5 doi: 10.2337/db17-1236. PMID: 29622583Free PMC Article
Gupta N, Asi N, Farah W, Almasri J, Barrionuevo P, Alsawas M, Wang Z, Haymond MW, Brown RJ, Murad MH
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2017 Feb 1;102(2):363-374. doi: 10.1210/jc.2016-2271. PMID: 27967300Free PMC Article

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Chait A
Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am 2022 Sep;51(3):539-555. Epub 2022 Jul 4 doi: 10.1016/j.ecl.2022.02.010. PMID: 35963627
Shamsudeen I, Hegele RA
Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes 2022 Apr 1;29(2):152-160. doi: 10.1097/MED.0000000000000695. PMID: 34839327
Fernández-Pombo A, Sánchez-Iglesias S, Cobelo-Gómez S, Hermida-Ameijeiras Á, Araújo-Vilar D
Presse Med 2021 Nov;50(3):104071. Epub 2021 Oct 2 doi: 10.1016/j.lpm.2021.104071. PMID: 34610417
Goldberg RB, Chait A
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2020;11:593931. Epub 2020 Oct 23 doi: 10.3389/fendo.2020.593931. PMID: 33193106Free PMC Article
Charar C, Gruenbaum Y
Clin Sci (Lond) 2017 Jan 1;131(2):105-111. doi: 10.1042/CS20160488. PMID: 27974395

Diagnosis

Patni N, Garg A
Curr Diab Rep 2022 Sep;22(9):461-470. Epub 2022 Jul 11 doi: 10.1007/s11892-022-01485-w. PMID: 35821558Free PMC Article
Fernández-Pombo A, Sánchez-Iglesias S, Cobelo-Gómez S, Hermida-Ameijeiras Á, Araújo-Vilar D
Presse Med 2021 Nov;50(3):104071. Epub 2021 Oct 2 doi: 10.1016/j.lpm.2021.104071. PMID: 34610417
Guillín-Amarelle C, Fernández-Pombo A, Sánchez-Iglesias S, Araújo-Vilar D
Nucleus 2018 Jan 1;9(1):249-260. doi: 10.1080/19491034.2018.1454167. PMID: 29557732Free PMC Article
Guillín-Amarelle C, Sánchez-Iglesias S, Castro-Pais A, Rodriguez-Cañete L, Ordóñez-Mayán L, Pazos M, González-Méndez B, Rodríguez-García S, Casanueva FF, Fernández-Marmiesse A, Araújo-Vilar D
Endocrine 2016 Nov;54(2):411-421. Epub 2016 Jul 30 doi: 10.1007/s12020-016-1002-x. PMID: 27473102
Garg A
Am J Med 2000 Feb;108(2):143-52. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9343(99)00414-3. PMID: 11126308

Therapy

Adiyaman SC, Altay C, Kamisli BY, Avci ER, Basara I, Simsir IY, Atik T, Secil M, Oral EA, Akinci B
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2023 Jul 14;108(8):e512-e520. doi: 10.1210/clinem/dgad063. PMID: 36808247
Chait A
Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am 2022 Sep;51(3):539-555. Epub 2022 Jul 4 doi: 10.1016/j.ecl.2022.02.010. PMID: 35963627
Patni N, Garg A
Curr Diab Rep 2022 Sep;22(9):461-470. Epub 2022 Jul 11 doi: 10.1007/s11892-022-01485-w. PMID: 35821558Free PMC Article
Fernández-Pombo A, Sánchez-Iglesias S, Cobelo-Gómez S, Hermida-Ameijeiras Á, Araújo-Vilar D
Presse Med 2021 Nov;50(3):104071. Epub 2021 Oct 2 doi: 10.1016/j.lpm.2021.104071. PMID: 34610417
Tchang BG, Shukla AP, Aronne LJ
Expert Opin Biol Ther 2015 Jul;15(7):1061-75. doi: 10.1517/14712598.2015.1052789. PMID: 26063386

Prognosis

Kountouri A, Korakas E, Maratou E, Ikonomidis I, Balampanis K, Liatis S, Tentolouris N, Toulas P, Kousathana F, Giatzakis C, Dimitriadis GD, Lambadiari V
Int J Mol Sci 2023 Jul 27;24(15) doi: 10.3390/ijms241512045. PMID: 37569420Free PMC Article
Laver TW, Patel KA, Colclough K, Curran J, Dale J, Davis N, Savage DB, Flanagan SE, Ellard S, Hattersley AT, Weedon MN
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2018 Sep 1;103(9):3225-3230. doi: 10.1210/jc.2017-02662. PMID: 30020498Free PMC Article
Guillín-Amarelle C, Sánchez-Iglesias S, Castro-Pais A, Rodriguez-Cañete L, Ordóñez-Mayán L, Pazos M, González-Méndez B, Rodríguez-García S, Casanueva FF, Fernández-Marmiesse A, Araújo-Vilar D
Endocrine 2016 Nov;54(2):411-421. Epub 2016 Jul 30 doi: 10.1007/s12020-016-1002-x. PMID: 27473102
Arai Y, Takayama M, Abe Y, Hirose N
J Atheroscler Thromb 2011;18(7):545-50. Epub 2011 May 7 doi: 10.5551/jat.7039. PMID: 21551960
Vantyghem MC, Vincent-Desplanques D, Defrance-Faivre F, Capeau J, Fermon C, Valat AS, Lascols O, Hecart AC, Pigny P, Delemer B, Vigouroux C, Wemeau JL
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2008 Jun;93(6):2223-9. Epub 2008 Mar 25 doi: 10.1210/jc.2007-2521. PMID: 18364375

Clinical prediction guides

Kountouri A, Korakas E, Maratou E, Ikonomidis I, Balampanis K, Liatis S, Tentolouris N, Toulas P, Kousathana F, Giatzakis C, Dimitriadis GD, Lambadiari V
Int J Mol Sci 2023 Jul 27;24(15) doi: 10.3390/ijms241512045. PMID: 37569420Free PMC Article
Shamsudeen I, Hegele RA
Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes 2022 Apr 1;29(2):152-160. doi: 10.1097/MED.0000000000000695. PMID: 34839327
Simha V, Lanza IR, Dasari S, Klaus KA, Le Brasseur N, Vuckovic I, Laurenti MC, Cobelli C, Port JD, Nair KS
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2022 Jan 18;107(2):346-362. doi: 10.1210/clinem/dgab725. PMID: 34614176Free PMC Article
Gupta N, Asi N, Farah W, Almasri J, Barrionuevo P, Alsawas M, Wang Z, Haymond MW, Brown RJ, Murad MH
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2017 Feb 1;102(2):363-374. doi: 10.1210/jc.2016-2271. PMID: 27967300Free PMC Article
Arai Y, Takayama M, Abe Y, Hirose N
J Atheroscler Thromb 2011;18(7):545-50. Epub 2011 May 7 doi: 10.5551/jat.7039. PMID: 21551960

Recent systematic reviews

Desgrouas C, Thalheim T, Cerino M, Badens C, Bonello-Palot N
Cardiovasc Res 2024 Mar 14;120(3):237-248. doi: 10.1093/cvr/cvae005. PMID: 38214891
Fernandez-Pombo A, Diaz-Lopez EJ, Castro AI, Sanchez-Iglesias S, Cobelo-Gomez S, Prado-Moraña T, Araujo-Vilar D
Cells 2023 Feb 24;12(5) doi: 10.3390/cells12050725. PMID: 36899861Free PMC Article
Gupta N, Asi N, Farah W, Almasri J, Barrionuevo P, Alsawas M, Wang Z, Haymond MW, Brown RJ, Murad MH
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2017 Feb 1;102(2):363-374. doi: 10.1210/jc.2016-2271. PMID: 27967300Free PMC Article

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