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Phelan-McDermid syndrome(PHMDS)

MedGen UID:
339994
Concept ID:
C1853490
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: 22q13.3 deletion syndrome; Chromosome 22q13.3 deletion syndrome; Monosomy 22q13; TELOMERIC 22q13 MONOSOMY SYNDROME
SNOMED CT: Phelan-McDermid syndrome (699310000); 22q13.3 deletion syndrome (699310000); Monosomy 22q13 (699310000)
Modes of inheritance:
Unknown inheritance
MedGen UID:
989040
Concept ID:
CN307042
Finding
Source: Orphanet
Hereditary clinical entity whose mode of inheritance is unknown.
Not genetically inherited
MedGen UID:
988794
Concept ID:
CN307044
Finding
Source: Orphanet
clinical entity without genetic inheritance.
 
Gene (location): SHANK3 (22q13.33)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0011652
OMIM®: 606232
Orphanet: ORPHA48652

Disease characteristics

Excerpted from the GeneReview: Phelan-McDermid Syndrome-SHANK3 Related
Phelan-McDermid syndrome-SHANK3 related (PMS-SHANK3 related) is characterized by neonatal hypotonia, absent to severely delayed speech, developmental delay, and minor dysmorphic facial features. Most affected individuals have moderate-to-profound intellectual disability. Other features include relatively large fleshy hands, dysplastic toenails, and decreased perspiration that results in a tendency to overheat. Normal stature and normal head size distinguish PMS-SHANK3 related from other autosomal chromosome disorders. Neurobehavioral characteristics include mouthing or chewing non-food items, decreased perception of pain, and autism spectrum disorder or autistic-like affect and behavior. Some individuals experience regression / loss of skills, epilepsy, ataxic/abnormal gait, and sleep disturbance (difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep, hypersomnia, and parasomnias). Less commonly, affected individuals may have strabismus, vision problems (hyperopia or myopia), cardiac anomalies, renal anomalies, and lymphedema. Those who have PMS-SHANK3 related due to a ring chromosome 22 also have a high risk of developing features of NF2-related schwannomatosis (NF2). [from GeneReviews]
Authors:
Katy Phelan  |  R Curtis Rogers  |  Luigi Boccuto   view full author information

Additional descriptions

From OMIM
Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PHMDS) is a developmental disorder with variable features. Common features include neonatal hypotonia, global developmental delay, normal to accelerated growth, absent to severely delayed speech, autistic behavior (see 209850), and minor dysmorphic features (Precht et al., 1998; Prasad et al., 2000; Durand et al., 2007).  http://www.omim.org/entry/606232
From MedlinePlus Genetics
22q13.3 deletion syndrome, which is also known as Phelan-McDermid syndrome, is a disorder caused by the loss of a small piece of chromosome 22. The deletion occurs near the end of the chromosome at a location designated q13.3.

The features of 22q13.3 deletion syndrome vary widely and involve many parts of the body. Characteristic signs and symptoms include developmental delay, moderate to profound intellectual disability, decreased muscle tone (hypotonia), and absent or delayed speech. Some people with this condition have autism spectrum disorder or autistic-like characteristics that affects communication and social interaction, such as poor eye contact, sensitivity to touch, and aggression. They may also chew on non-food items such as clothing. Less frequently, people with this condition have seizures or lose skills they had already acquired (developmental regression).

Individuals with 22q13.3 deletion syndrome tend to have a decreased sensitivity to pain. Many also have a reduced ability to sweat, which can lead to a greater risk of overheating and dehydration. Some people with this condition have episodes of frequent vomiting and nausea (cyclic vomiting) and backflow of stomach acids into the esophagus (gastroesophageal reflux).

People with 22q13.3 deletion syndrome typically have distinctive facial features, including a long, narrow head; prominent ears; a pointed chin; droopy eyelids (ptosis); and deep-set eyes. Other physical features seen with this condition include large and fleshy hands and/or feet, a fusion of the second and third toes (syndactyly), and small or abnormal toenails. Some affected individuals have rapid (accelerated) growth.  https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/22q133-deletion-syndrome

Clinical features

From HPO
Polycystic kidney disease
MedGen UID:
9639
Concept ID:
C0022680
Disease or Syndrome
The presence of multiple cysts in both kidneys.
Vesicoureteral reflux
MedGen UID:
21852
Concept ID:
C0042580
Disease or Syndrome
Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is characterized by the reflux of urine from the bladder into the ureters and sometimes into the kidneys. It is a risk factor for urinary tract infections. Primary VUR results from a developmental defect of the ureterovesical junction (UVJ). In combination with intrarenal reflux, the resulting inflammatory reaction may result in renal injury or scarring, also called reflux nephropathy (RN). Extensive renal scarring impairs renal function and may predispose patients to hypertension, proteinuria, and renal insufficiency (summary by Lu et al., 2007). Genetic Heterogeneity of Vesicoureteral Reflux A locus designated VUR1 maps to chromosome 1p13. VUR2 (610878) is caused by mutation in the ROBO2 gene (602431) on chromosome 3p12; VUR3 (613674) is caused by mutation in the SOX17 gene (610928) on chromosome 8q11; VUR4 (614317) maps to chromosome 5; VUR5 (614318) maps to chromosome 13; VUR6 (614319) maps to chromosome 18; VUR7 (615390) maps to chromosome 12; and VUR8 (615963) is caused by mutation in the TNXB gene (600985) on chromosome 6p21. A possible X-linked form has been reported (VURX; 314550).
Abnormality of the kidney
MedGen UID:
78593
Concept ID:
C0266292
Congenital Abnormality
An abnormality of the kidney.
Large hands
MedGen UID:
98097
Concept ID:
C0426870
Finding
Clinodactyly of the 5th finger
MedGen UID:
340456
Concept ID:
C1850049
Congenital Abnormality
Clinodactyly refers to a bending or curvature of the fifth finger in the radial direction (i.e., towards the 4th finger).
2-3 toe syndactyly
MedGen UID:
1645640
Concept ID:
C4551570
Congenital Abnormality
Syndactyly with fusion of toes two and three.
Patent ductus arteriosus
MedGen UID:
4415
Concept ID:
C0013274
Congenital Abnormality
In utero, the ductus arteriosus (DA) serves to divert ventricular output away from the lungs and toward the placenta by connecting the main pulmonary artery to the descending aorta. A patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in the first 3 days of life is a physiologic shunt in healthy term and preterm newborn infants, and normally is substantially closed within about 24 hours after bith and completely closed after about three weeks. Failure of physiologcal closure is referred to a persistent or patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Depending on the degree of left-to-right shunting, PDA can have clinical consequences.
Ventricular septal defect
MedGen UID:
42366
Concept ID:
C0018818
Congenital Abnormality
A hole between the two bottom chambers (ventricles) of the heart. The defect is centered around the most superior aspect of the ventricular septum.
Tall stature
MedGen UID:
69137
Concept ID:
C0241240
Finding
A height above that which is expected according to age and gender norms.
Feeding difficulties
MedGen UID:
65429
Concept ID:
C0232466
Finding
Impaired ability to eat related to problems gathering food and getting ready to suck, chew, or swallow it.
Episodic vomiting
MedGen UID:
333228
Concept ID:
C1838993
Finding
Paroxysmal, recurrent episodes of vomiting.
Gastroesophageal reflux
MedGen UID:
1368658
Concept ID:
C4317146
Finding
A condition in which the stomach contents leak backwards from the stomach into the esophagus through the lower esophageal sphincter.
Macrotia
MedGen UID:
488785
Concept ID:
C0152421
Congenital Abnormality
Median longitudinal ear length greater than two standard deviations above the mean and median ear width greater than two standard deviations above the mean (objective); or, apparent increase in length and width of the pinna (subjective).
Hearing impairment
MedGen UID:
235586
Concept ID:
C1384666
Disease or Syndrome
A decreased magnitude of the sensory perception of sound.
Protruding ear
MedGen UID:
343309
Concept ID:
C1855285
Finding
Angle formed by the plane of the ear and the mastoid bone greater than the 97th centile for age (objective); or, outer edge of the helix more than 2 cm from the mastoid at the point of maximum distance (objective).
Aggressive behavior
MedGen UID:
1375
Concept ID:
C0001807
Individual Behavior
Behavior or an act aimed at harming a person, animal, or physical property (e.g., acts of physical violence; shouting, swearing, and using harsh language; slashing someone's tires).
Autism
MedGen UID:
13966
Concept ID:
C0004352
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
Autism, the prototypic pervasive developmental disorder (PDD), is usually apparent by 3 years of age. It is characterized by a triad of limited or absent verbal communication, a lack of reciprocal social interaction or responsiveness, and restricted, stereotypic, and ritualized patterns of interests and behavior (Bailey et al., 1996; Risch et al., 1999). 'Autism spectrum disorder,' sometimes referred to as ASD, is a broader phenotype encompassing the less severe disorders Asperger syndrome (see ASPG1; 608638) and pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). 'Broad autism phenotype' includes individuals with some symptoms of autism, but who do not meet the full criteria for autism or other disorders. Mental retardation coexists in approximately two-thirds of individuals with ASD, except for Asperger syndrome, in which mental retardation is conspicuously absent (Jones et al., 2008). Genetic studies in autism often include family members with these less stringent diagnoses (Schellenberg et al., 2006). Levy et al. (2009) provided a general review of autism and autism spectrum disorder, including epidemiology, characteristics of the disorder, diagnosis, neurobiologic hypotheses for the etiology, genetics, and treatment options. Genetic Heterogeneity of Autism Autism is considered to be a complex multifactorial disorder involving many genes. Accordingly, several loci have been identified, some or all of which may contribute to the phenotype. Included in this entry is AUTS1, which has been mapped to chromosome 7q22. Other susceptibility loci include AUTS3 (608049), which maps to chromosome 13q14; AUTS4 (608636), which maps to chromosome 15q11; AUTS6 (609378), which maps to chromosome 17q11; AUTS7 (610676), which maps to chromosome 17q21; AUTS8 (607373), which maps to chromosome 3q25-q27; AUTS9 (611015), which maps to chromosome 7q31; AUTS10 (611016), which maps to chromosome 7q36; AUTS11 (610836), which maps to chromosome 1q41; AUTS12 (610838), which maps to chromosome 21p13-q11; AUTS13 (610908), which maps to chromosome 12q14; AUTS14A (611913), which has been found in patients with a deletion of a region of 16p11.2; AUTS14B (614671), which has been found in patients with a duplication of a region of 16p11.2; AUTS15 (612100), associated with mutation in the CNTNAP2 gene (604569) on chromosome 7q35-q36; AUTS16 (613410), associated with mutation in the SLC9A9 gene (608396) on chromosome 3q24; AUTS17 (613436), associated with mutation in the SHANK2 gene (603290) on chromosome 11q13; AUTS18 (615032), associated with mutation in the CHD8 gene (610528) on chromosome 14q11; AUTS19 (615091), associated with mutation in the EIF4E gene (133440) on chromosome 4q23; and AUTS20 (618830), associated with mutation in the NLGN1 gene (600568) on chromosome 3q26. (NOTE: the symbol 'AUTS2' has been used to refer to a gene on chromosome 7q11 (KIAA0442; 607270) and therefore is not used as a part of this autism locus series.) There are several X-linked forms of autism susceptibility: AUTSX1 (300425), associated with mutations in the NLGN3 gene (300336); AUTSX2 (300495), associated with mutations in NLGN4 (300427); AUTSX3 (300496), associated with mutations in MECP2 (300005); AUTSX4 (300830), associated with variation in the region on chromosome Xp22.11 containing the PTCHD1 gene (300828); AUTSX5 (300847), associated with mutations in the RPL10 gene (312173); and AUTSX6 (300872), associated with mutation in the TMLHE gene (300777). A locus on chromosome 2q (606053) associated with a phenotype including intellectual disability and speech deficits was formerly designated AUTS5. Folstein and Rosen-Sheidley (2001) reviewed the genetics of autism.
Bruxism
MedGen UID:
676
Concept ID:
C0006325
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
Bruxism is characterized by the grinding of the teeth including the clenching of the jaw and typically occur during sleep, but also can occur while the affected individual is awake.
Intellectual disability, moderate
MedGen UID:
7680
Concept ID:
C0026351
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
Moderate mental retardation is defined as an intelligence quotient (IQ) in the range of 35-49.
Seizure
MedGen UID:
20693
Concept ID:
C0036572
Sign or Symptom
A seizure is an intermittent abnormality of nervous system physiology characterized by a transient occurrence of signs and/or symptoms due to abnormal excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain.
Sleep abnormality
MedGen UID:
52372
Concept ID:
C0037317
Finding
An abnormal pattern in the quality, quantity, or characteristics of sleep.
Motor stereotypies
MedGen UID:
21318
Concept ID:
C0038271
Individual Behavior
Use of the same abnormal action in response to certain triggers or at random. They may be used as a way to regulate one's internal state but must otherwise have no apparent functional purpose.
Arachnoid cyst
MedGen UID:
86860
Concept ID:
C0078981
Disease or Syndrome
An extra-parenchymal and intra-arachnoidal collection of fluid with a composition similar to that of cerebrospinal fluid.
Unsteady gait
MedGen UID:
68544
Concept ID:
C0231686
Finding
A shaky or wobbly manner of walking.
Atypical behavior
MedGen UID:
535345
Concept ID:
C0233514
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
Atypical behavior is an abnormality in a person's actions, which can be controlled or modulated by the will of the individual. While abnormal behaviors can be difficult to control, they are distinct from other abnormal actions that cannot be affected by the individual's will.
Delayed speech and language development
MedGen UID:
105318
Concept ID:
C0454644
Finding
A degree of language development that is significantly below the norm for a child of a specified age.
Global developmental delay
MedGen UID:
107838
Concept ID:
C0557874
Finding
A delay in the achievement of motor or mental milestones in the domains of development of a child, including motor skills, speech and language, cognitive skills, and social and emotional skills. This term should only be used to describe children younger than five years of age.
Hyporeflexia
MedGen UID:
195967
Concept ID:
C0700078
Finding
Reduction of neurologic reflexes such as the knee-jerk reaction.
Broad-based gait
MedGen UID:
167799
Concept ID:
C0856863
Finding
An abnormal gait pattern in which persons stand and walk with their feet spaced widely apart. This is often a component of cerebellar ataxia.
Reduced eye contact
MedGen UID:
303190
Concept ID:
C1445953
Finding
A reduced frequency or duration of eye contact.
Tongue thrusting
MedGen UID:
473491
Concept ID:
C1829460
Finding
Pressing forward of the tongue in the mouth, a retained motoric habit from infantile swallowing patterns
Impaired pain sensation
MedGen UID:
373348
Concept ID:
C1837522
Finding
Reduced ability to perceive painful stimuli.
Hyperorality
MedGen UID:
325386
Concept ID:
C1838320
Finding
Hyperorality is a condition characterized by an excessive preoccupation with oral sensations and behaviors, such as chewing, sucking, biting, swallowing, and excessive mouthing of objects.
Motor delay
MedGen UID:
381392
Concept ID:
C1854301
Finding
A type of Developmental delay characterized by a delay in acquiring motor skills.
Abnormal periventricular white matter morphology
MedGen UID:
435926
Concept ID:
C2673431
Finding
A structural abnormality of the myelinated axons (white matter) located near the cerebral ventricles.
Ventriculomegaly
MedGen UID:
480553
Concept ID:
C3278923
Finding
An increase in size of the ventricular system of the brain.
Delayed CNS myelination
MedGen UID:
867393
Concept ID:
C4021758
Anatomical Abnormality
Delayed myelination in the central nervous system.
Reduced social responsiveness
MedGen UID:
868342
Concept ID:
C4022736
Finding
A reduced ability to participate in the back-and-forth flow of social interaction appropriate to culture and developmental level, which is normally characterized by an influence of the behavior of one person on the behavior of another person. This results in difficulty interacting with others through emotional, physical, or verbal communication.
Cellulitis
MedGen UID:
40174
Concept ID:
C0007642
Disease or Syndrome
A bacterial infection and inflammation of the skin und subcutaneous tissues.
Micrognathia
MedGen UID:
44428
Concept ID:
C0025990
Congenital Abnormality
Developmental hypoplasia of the mandible.
Dolichocephaly
MedGen UID:
65142
Concept ID:
C0221358
Congenital Abnormality
An abnormality of skull shape characterized by a increased anterior-posterior diameter, i.e., an increased antero-posterior dimension of the skull. Cephalic index less than 76%. Alternatively, an apparently increased antero-posterior length of the head compared to width. Often due to premature closure of the sagittal suture.
Joint hypermobility
MedGen UID:
336793
Concept ID:
C1844820
Finding
The capability that a joint (or a group of joints) has to move, passively and/or actively, beyond normal limits along physiological axes.
Malar flattening
MedGen UID:
347616
Concept ID:
C1858085
Finding
Underdevelopment of the malar prominence of the jugal bone (zygomatic bone in mammals), appreciated in profile, frontal view, and/or by palpation.
Generalized hypotonia
MedGen UID:
346841
Concept ID:
C1858120
Finding
Generalized muscular hypotonia (abnormally low muscle tone).
Macrocephaly
MedGen UID:
745757
Concept ID:
C2243051
Finding
Occipitofrontal (head) circumference greater than 97th centile compared to appropriate, age matched, sex-matched normal standards. Alternatively, a apparently increased size of the cranium.
Neonatal hypotonia
MedGen UID:
412209
Concept ID:
C2267233
Disease or Syndrome
Muscular hypotonia (abnormally low muscle tone) manifesting in the neonatal period.
Microcephaly
MedGen UID:
1644158
Concept ID:
C4551563
Finding
Head circumference below 2 standard deviations below the mean for age and gender.
Recurrent infections
MedGen UID:
65998
Concept ID:
C0239998
Finding
Increased susceptibility to infections.
Lymphedema
MedGen UID:
6155
Concept ID:
C0024236
Disease or Syndrome
Localized fluid retention and tissue swelling caused by a compromised lymphatic system.
Heat intolerance
MedGen UID:
66659
Concept ID:
C0231274
Pathologic Function
The inability to maintain a comfortable body temperature in warm or hot weather.
Dental malocclusion
MedGen UID:
9869
Concept ID:
C0024636
Anatomical Abnormality
Dental malocclusion refers to an abnormality of the occlusion, or alignment, of the teeth and the way the upper and lower teeth fit together, resulting in overcrowding of teeth or in abnormal bite patterns.
Palpebral edema
MedGen UID:
57877
Concept ID:
C0162285
Pathologic Function
Edema in the region of the eyelids.
Bulbous nose
MedGen UID:
66013
Concept ID:
C0240543
Finding
Increased volume and globular shape of the anteroinferior aspect of the nose.
High palate
MedGen UID:
66814
Concept ID:
C0240635
Congenital Abnormality
Height of the palate more than 2 SD above the mean (objective) or palatal height at the level of the first permanent molar more than twice the height of the teeth (subjective).
Concave nasal ridge
MedGen UID:
78105
Concept ID:
C0264169
Finding
Nasal ridge curving posteriorly to an imaginary line that connects the nasal root and tip.
Epicanthus
MedGen UID:
151862
Concept ID:
C0678230
Congenital Abnormality
Epicanthus is a condition in which a fold of skin stretches from the upper to the lower eyelid, partially covering the inner canthus. Usher (1935) noted that epicanthus is a normal finding in the fetus of all races. Epicanthus also occurs in association with hereditary ptosis (110100).
Prominent supraorbital ridges
MedGen UID:
333982
Concept ID:
C1842060
Finding
Greater than average forward and/or lateral protrusion of the supraorbital portion of the frontal bones.
Pointed chin
MedGen UID:
336193
Concept ID:
C1844505
Finding
A marked tapering of the lower face to the chin.
Widely spaced teeth
MedGen UID:
337093
Concept ID:
C1844813
Finding
Increased spaces (diastemata) between most of the teeth in the same dental arch.
Wide nasal bridge
MedGen UID:
341441
Concept ID:
C1849367
Finding
Increased breadth of the nasal bridge (and with it, the nasal root).
Thick eyebrow
MedGen UID:
377914
Concept ID:
C1853487
Finding
Increased density/number and/or increased diameter of eyebrow hairs.
Long philtrum
MedGen UID:
351278
Concept ID:
C1865014
Finding
Distance between nasal base and midline upper lip vermilion border more than 2 SD above the mean. Alternatively, an apparently increased distance between nasal base and midline upper lip vermilion border.
Full cheeks
MedGen UID:
355661
Concept ID:
C1866231
Finding
Increased prominence or roundness of soft tissues between zygomata and mandible.
Short chin
MedGen UID:
784514
Concept ID:
C3697248
Finding
Decreased vertical distance from the vermilion border of the lower lip to the inferior-most point of the chin.
Hypohidrosis
MedGen UID:
43796
Concept ID:
C0020620
Disease or Syndrome
Abnormally diminished capacity to sweat.
Sacral dimple
MedGen UID:
98428
Concept ID:
C0426848
Finding
A cutaneous indentation resulting from tethering of the skin to underlying structures (bone) of the intergluteal cleft.
Hypoplastic toenails
MedGen UID:
332409
Concept ID:
C1837279
Finding
Underdevelopment of the toenail.
Long eyelashes
MedGen UID:
342955
Concept ID:
C1853738
Finding
Mid upper eyelash length >10 mm or increased length of the eyelashes (subjective).
Toenail dysplasia
MedGen UID:
478253
Concept ID:
C3276623
Finding
An abnormality of the development of the toenails.
Ptosis
MedGen UID:
2287
Concept ID:
C0005745
Disease or Syndrome
The upper eyelid margin is positioned 3 mm or more lower than usual and covers the superior portion of the iris (objective); or, the upper lid margin obscures at least part of the pupil (subjective).
Hypertelorism
MedGen UID:
9373
Concept ID:
C0020534
Finding
Although hypertelorism means an excessive distance between any paired organs (e.g., the nipples), the use of the word has come to be confined to ocular hypertelorism. Hypertelorism occurs as an isolated feature and is also a feature of many syndromes, e.g., Opitz G syndrome (see 300000), Greig cephalopolysyndactyly (175700), and Noonan syndrome (163950) (summary by Cohen et al., 1995).
Strabismus
MedGen UID:
21337
Concept ID:
C0038379
Disease or Syndrome
A misalignment of the eyes so that the visual axes deviate from bifoveal fixation. The classification of strabismus may be based on a number of features including the relative position of the eyes, whether the deviation is latent or manifest, intermittent or constant, concomitant or otherwise and according to the age of onset and the relevance of any associated refractive error.
Deeply set eye
MedGen UID:
473112
Concept ID:
C0423224
Finding
An eye that is more deeply recessed into the plane of the face than is typical.
Cerebral visual impairment
MedGen UID:
890568
Concept ID:
C4048268
Pathologic Function
A form of loss of vision caused by damage to the visual cortex rather than a defect in the eye.

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • CROGVPhelan-McDermid syndrome
Follow this link to review classifications for Phelan-McDermid syndrome in Orphanet.

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Srivastava S, Sahin M, Buxbaum JD, Berry-Kravis E, Soorya LV, Thurm A, Bernstein JA, Asante-Otoo A, Bennett WE Jr, Betancur C, Brickhouse TH, Passos Bueno MR, Chopra M, Christensen CK, Cully JL, Dies K, Friedman K, Gummere B, Holder JL Jr, Jimenez-Gomez A, Kerins CA, Khan O, Kohlenberg T, Lacro RV, Levi LA, Levy T, Linnehan D, Eva L, Moshiree B, Neumeyer A, Paul SM, Phelan K, Persico A, Rapaport R, Rogers C, Saland J, Sethuram S, Shapiro J, Tarr PI, White KM, Wickstrom J, Williams KM, Winrow D, Wishart B, Kolevzon A
Am J Med Genet A 2023 Aug;191(8):2015-2044. Epub 2023 Jul 1 doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.63312. PMID: 37392087Free PMC Article
de Coo IFM, Jesse S, Le TL, Sala C; European Phelan-McDermid syndrome consortium
Eur J Med Genet 2023 Jun;66(6):104746. Epub 2023 Mar 24 doi: 10.1016/j.ejmg.2023.104746. PMID: 36967043
van Ravenswaaij-Arts CMA, van Balkom IDC, Jesse S, Bonaglia MC
Eur J Med Genet 2023 May;66(5):104736. Epub 2023 Mar 11 doi: 10.1016/j.ejmg.2023.104736. PMID: 36907549

Curated

Phelan K, Betancur C
Eur J Hum Genet 2011 Apr;19(4) Epub 2010 Dec 8 doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2010.193. PMID: 21150887Free PMC Article

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Levy T, Gluckman J, Siper PM, Halpern D, Zweifach J, Filip-Dhima R, Holder JL Jr, Trelles MP, Johnson K, Bernstein JA, Berry-Kravis E, Powell CM, Soorya LV, Thurm A, Buxbaum JD, Sahin M, Kolevzon A, Srivastava S; Developmental Synaptopathies Consortium
J Neurodev Disord 2024 May 10;16(1):25. doi: 10.1186/s11689-024-09541-0. PMID: 38730350Free PMC Article
Srivastava S, Sahin M, Buxbaum JD, Berry-Kravis E, Soorya LV, Thurm A, Bernstein JA, Asante-Otoo A, Bennett WE Jr, Betancur C, Brickhouse TH, Passos Bueno MR, Chopra M, Christensen CK, Cully JL, Dies K, Friedman K, Gummere B, Holder JL Jr, Jimenez-Gomez A, Kerins CA, Khan O, Kohlenberg T, Lacro RV, Levi LA, Levy T, Linnehan D, Eva L, Moshiree B, Neumeyer A, Paul SM, Phelan K, Persico A, Rapaport R, Rogers C, Saland J, Sethuram S, Shapiro J, Tarr PI, White KM, Wickstrom J, Williams KM, Winrow D, Wishart B, Kolevzon A
Am J Med Genet A 2023 Aug;191(8):2015-2044. Epub 2023 Jul 1 doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.63312. PMID: 37392087Free PMC Article
Moffitt BA, Sarasua SM, Ward L, Ivankovic D, Valentine K, Rogers C, Phelan K, Boccuto L
Mol Genet Genomic Med 2022 Oct;10(10):e2035. Epub 2022 Aug 23 doi: 10.1002/mgg3.2035. PMID: 35996993Free PMC Article
Hussong J, Wagner C, Curfs L, von Gontard A
Neurourol Urodyn 2020 Jan;39(1):310-318. Epub 2019 Oct 29 doi: 10.1002/nau.24197. PMID: 31663160
Witmer C, Mattingly A, DʼSouza P, Thurm A, Hadigan C
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2019 Aug;69(2):e39-e42. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000002342. PMID: 30921255Free PMC Article

Diagnosis

Srivastava S, Sahin M, Buxbaum JD, Berry-Kravis E, Soorya LV, Thurm A, Bernstein JA, Asante-Otoo A, Bennett WE Jr, Betancur C, Brickhouse TH, Passos Bueno MR, Chopra M, Christensen CK, Cully JL, Dies K, Friedman K, Gummere B, Holder JL Jr, Jimenez-Gomez A, Kerins CA, Khan O, Kohlenberg T, Lacro RV, Levi LA, Levy T, Linnehan D, Eva L, Moshiree B, Neumeyer A, Paul SM, Phelan K, Persico A, Rapaport R, Rogers C, Saland J, Sethuram S, Shapiro J, Tarr PI, White KM, Wickstrom J, Williams KM, Winrow D, Wishart B, Kolevzon A
Am J Med Genet A 2023 Aug;191(8):2015-2044. Epub 2023 Jul 1 doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.63312. PMID: 37392087Free PMC Article
Schön M, Lapunzina P, Nevado J, Mattina T, Gunnarsson C, Hadzsiev K, Verpelli C, Bourgeron T, Jesse S, van Ravenswaaij-Arts CMA; European Phelan-McDermid syndrome consortium, Hennekam RC
Eur J Med Genet 2023 Jul;66(7):104754. Epub 2023 Mar 31 doi: 10.1016/j.ejmg.2023.104754. PMID: 37003575
Cammarata-Scalisi F, Callea M, Martinelli D, Willoughby CE, Tadich AC, Araya Castillo M, Lacruz-Rengel MA, Medina M, Grimaldi P, Bertini E, Nevado J
Genes (Basel) 2022 Mar 12;13(3) doi: 10.3390/genes13030504. PMID: 35328058Free PMC Article
Omansky GL, Abdulhayoglu E, Zhurbilo B
Neonatal Netw 2017 Mar 1;36(2):98-100. doi: 10.1891/0730-0832.36.2.98. PMID: 28320496
Costales JL, Kolevzon A
Neurotherapeutics 2015 Jul;12(3):620-30. doi: 10.1007/s13311-015-0352-z. PMID: 25894671Free PMC Article

Therapy

Alsufiani HM, Alkhanbashi AS, Laswad NAB, Bakhadher KK, Alghamdi SA, Tayeb HO, Tarazi FI
J Neurosci Res 2022 Apr;100(4):970-978. Epub 2022 Feb 3 doi: 10.1002/jnr.25019. PMID: 35114017
Fastman J, Foss-Feig J, Frank Y, Halpern D, Harony-Nicolas H, Layton C, Sandin S, Siper P, Tang L, Trelles P, Zweifach J, Buxbaum JD, Kolevzon A
Mol Autism 2021 Sep 30;12(1):62. doi: 10.1186/s13229-021-00459-1. PMID: 34593045Free PMC Article
Frank Y
Pediatr Neurol 2021 Sep;122:59-64. Epub 2021 Jun 16 doi: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2021.06.002. PMID: 34325981
Lindberg MF, Meijer L
Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jun 3;22(11) doi: 10.3390/ijms22116047. PMID: 34205123Free PMC Article
Costales J, Kolevzon A
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2016 Apr;63:207-22. Epub 2016 Jan 15 doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2016.01.001. PMID: 26780584Free PMC Article

Prognosis

Jesse S, Kuhlmann L, Hildebrand LS, Magelssen H, Schmaus M, Timmermann B, Andres S, Fietkau R, Distel LV
Cells 2023 Mar 6;12(5) doi: 10.3390/cells12050820. PMID: 36899955Free PMC Article
Burdeus-Olavarrieta M, Nevado J, van Weering-Scholten S, Parker S; European Phelan-McDermid syndrome consortium, Swillen A
Eur J Med Genet 2023 May;66(5):104745. Epub 2023 Mar 5 doi: 10.1016/j.ejmg.2023.104745. PMID: 36871884
Dille Y, Lagae L, Swillen A, Buggenhout GV
Dev Med Child Neurol 2023 Jul;65(7):917-925. Epub 2022 Dec 7 doi: 10.1111/dmcn.15482. PMID: 36477723
Ricciardello A, Tomaiuolo P, Persico AM
Am J Med Genet A 2021 Jul;185(7):2211-2233. Epub 2021 May 5 doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.62222. PMID: 33949759Free PMC Article
Brignell A, Gu C, Holm A, Carrigg B, Sheppard DA, Amor DJ, Morgan AT
Eur J Hum Genet 2021 Apr;29(4):564-574. Epub 2020 Dec 8 doi: 10.1038/s41431-020-00761-1. PMID: 33293697Free PMC Article

Clinical prediction guides

Levy T, Gluckman J, Siper PM, Halpern D, Zweifach J, Filip-Dhima R, Holder JL Jr, Trelles MP, Johnson K, Bernstein JA, Berry-Kravis E, Powell CM, Soorya LV, Thurm A, Buxbaum JD, Sahin M, Kolevzon A, Srivastava S; Developmental Synaptopathies Consortium
J Neurodev Disord 2024 May 10;16(1):25. doi: 10.1186/s11689-024-09541-0. PMID: 38730350Free PMC Article
Frank Y, Levy T, Lozano R, Friedman K, Underwood S, Kostic A, Walker H, Kolevzon A
J Child Neurol 2023 Dec;38(13-14):665-671. Epub 2023 Oct 18 doi: 10.1177/08830738231204395. PMID: 37849292
Moffitt BA, Oberman LM, Beamer L, Srikanth S, Jain L, Cascio L, Jones K, Pauly R, May M, Skinner C, Buchanan C, DuPont BR, Kaufmann WE, Valentine K, Ward LD, Ivankovic D, Rogers RC, Phelan K, Sarasua SM, Boccuto L
Clin Genet 2023 Aug;104(2):198-209. Epub 2023 May 18 doi: 10.1111/cge.14361. PMID: 37198960Free PMC Article
Siper PM, Rowe MA, Guillory SB, Rouhandeh AA, George-Jones JL, Tavassoli T, Lurie S, Zweifach J, Weissman J, Foss-Feig J, Halpern D, Trelles MP, Mulhern MS, Brittenham C, Gordon J, Zemon V, Buxbaum JD, Kolevzon A
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2022 Apr;61(4):565-574.e1. Epub 2021 Jul 22 doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2021.07.006. PMID: 34303785Free PMC Article
Burdeus-Olavarrieta M, San José-Cáceres A, García-Alcón A, González-Peñas J, Hernández-Jusdado P, Parellada-Redondo M
J Neurodev Disord 2021 Jul 10;13(1):26. doi: 10.1186/s11689-021-09370-5. PMID: 34246244Free PMC Article

Recent systematic reviews

Yamashita H, Arakawa Y, Terada Y, Takeuchi Y, Mineharu Y, Sumiyoshi S, Tokunaga S, Nakajima K, Kawabata N, Tanaka K, Tanji M, Umeda K, Minamiguchi S, Ogawa S, Haga H, Takita J, Miyamoto S
Brain Tumor Pathol 2022 Oct;39(4):232-239. Epub 2022 Jun 24 doi: 10.1007/s10014-022-00440-7. PMID: 35750988
Kolevzon A, Delaby E, Berry-Kravis E, Buxbaum JD, Betancur C
Mol Autism 2019;10:50. Epub 2019 Dec 24 doi: 10.1186/s13229-019-0291-3. PMID: 31879555Free PMC Article
Mitz AR, Philyaw TJ, Boccuto L, Shcheglovitov A, Sarasua SM, Kaufmann WE, Thurm A
Eur J Hum Genet 2018 Mar;26(3):293-302. Epub 2018 Jan 22 doi: 10.1038/s41431-017-0042-x. PMID: 29358616Free PMC Article

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