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Increased carrying angle

MedGen UID:
343361
Concept ID:
C1855478
Finding
HPO: HP:0003102

Definition

An abnormal increase in the carrying angle, which is the angle he long axis of the extended forearm as it lies lateral to the long axis of the arm. [from HPO]

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • CROGVIncreased carrying angle

Conditions with this feature

Leri-Weill dyschondrosteosis
MedGen UID:
75562
Concept ID:
C0265309
Disease or Syndrome
The phenotypic spectrum of SHOX deficiency disorders, caused by haploinsufficiency of the short stature homeobox-containing gene (SHOX), ranges from Leri-Weill dyschondrosteosis (LWD) at the severe end of the spectrum to nonspecific short stature at the mild end of the spectrum. In adults with SHOX deficiency, the proportion of LWD versus short stature without features of LWD is not well defined. In LWD the classic clinical triad is short stature, mesomelia, and Madelung deformity. Mesomelia, in which the middle portion of a limb is shortened in relation to the proximal portion, can be evident first in school-aged children and increases with age in frequency and severity. Madelung deformity (abnormal alignment of the radius, ulna, and carpal bones at the wrist) typically develops in mid-to-late childhood and is more common and severe in females. The phenotype of short stature caused by SHOX deficiency in the absence of mesomelia and Madelung deformity (called SHOX-deficient short stature in this GeneReview) is highly variable, even within the same family.
Pili torti-developmental delay-neurological abnormalities syndrome
MedGen UID:
342358
Concept ID:
C1849811
Disease or Syndrome
Abnormal hair, joint laxity, and developmental delay (HJDD) is characterized by normal hair at birth that gradually becomes sparse, twisted, brittle, and easily broken, with pili torti and trichorrhexis nodosa observed on light microscopy. Other features include increased joint mobility and cognitive delay (Sharma et al., 2019).
Dahlberg-Borer-Newcomer syndrome
MedGen UID:
383693
Concept ID:
C1855477
Disease or Syndrome
A very rare ectodermal dysplasia syndrome, described in 2 adult brothers, characterized by the association of hypoparathyroidism, nephropathy, congenital lymphedema, mitral valve prolapse and brachytelephalangy. Additional features include mild facial dysmorphism, hypertrichosis and nail abnormalities.

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Farrelly-Waters M, Smith J, Parmar K
Strabismus 2022 Mar;30(1):42-47. Epub 2022 Feb 11 doi: 10.1080/09273972.2021.2022714. PMID: 35147478
Millett DT, Cunningham SJ, O'Brien KD, Benson PE, de Oliveira CM
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2017 Oct 2;10(10):CD005972. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD005972.pub3. PMID: 28968484Free PMC Article
Woon SC, Thiruvenkatachari B
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2017 Jan;151(1):28-52. doi: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2016.07.017. PMID: 28024779

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Jeong C, Lee SU, Kim HG, Joo SY
Int J Clin Pract 2022;2022:6414247. Epub 2022 Jan 31 doi: 10.1155/2022/6414247. PMID: 35685497Free PMC Article
Kang S, Park SS
J Orthop Trauma 2015 Aug;29(8):e253-8. doi: 10.1097/BOT.0000000000000322. PMID: 25756916
Goldfarb CA, Patterson JM, Sutter M, Krauss M, Steffen JA, Galatz L
J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2012 Sep;21(9):1236-46. Epub 2012 Feb 12 doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2011.10.026. PMID: 22329911Free PMC Article
Chang CW, Wang YC, Chu CH
Clin Orthop Relat Res 2008 Sep;466(9):2190-5. Epub 2008 May 28 doi: 10.1007/s11999-008-0308-2. PMID: 18506557Free PMC Article

Diagnosis

Mole CG, Stynder DD, Gibbon VE
Int J Paleopathol 2023 Dec;43:7-15. Epub 2023 Aug 29 doi: 10.1016/j.ijpp.2023.07.001. PMID: 37651967
Kang S, Park SS
J Orthop Trauma 2015 Aug;29(8):e253-8. doi: 10.1097/BOT.0000000000000322. PMID: 25756916
Goldfarb CA, Patterson JM, Sutter M, Krauss M, Steffen JA, Galatz L
J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2012 Sep;21(9):1236-46. Epub 2012 Feb 12 doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2011.10.026. PMID: 22329911Free PMC Article
Chang CW, Wang YC, Chu CH
Clin Orthop Relat Res 2008 Sep;466(9):2190-5. Epub 2008 May 28 doi: 10.1007/s11999-008-0308-2. PMID: 18506557Free PMC Article
Ross JL, Kowal K, Quigley CA, Blum WF, Cutler GB Jr, Crowe B, Hovanes K, Elder FF, Zinn AR
J Pediatr 2005 Oct;147(4):499-507. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2005.04.069. PMID: 16227037

Prognosis

Kang S, Park SS
J Orthop Trauma 2015 Aug;29(8):e253-8. doi: 10.1097/BOT.0000000000000322. PMID: 25756916

Clinical prediction guides

Mole CG, Stynder DD, Gibbon VE
Int J Paleopathol 2023 Dec;43:7-15. Epub 2023 Aug 29 doi: 10.1016/j.ijpp.2023.07.001. PMID: 37651967
Kang S, Park SS
J Orthop Trauma 2015 Aug;29(8):e253-8. doi: 10.1097/BOT.0000000000000322. PMID: 25756916
Goldfarb CA, Patterson JM, Sutter M, Krauss M, Steffen JA, Galatz L
J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2012 Sep;21(9):1236-46. Epub 2012 Feb 12 doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2011.10.026. PMID: 22329911Free PMC Article
Chang CW, Wang YC, Chu CH
Clin Orthop Relat Res 2008 Sep;466(9):2190-5. Epub 2008 May 28 doi: 10.1007/s11999-008-0308-2. PMID: 18506557Free PMC Article
Ross JL, Scott C Jr, Marttila P, Kowal K, Nass A, Papenhausen P, Abboudi J, Osterman L, Kushner H, Carter P, Ezaki M, Elder F, Wei F, Chen H, Zinn AR
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2001 Dec;86(12):5674-80. doi: 10.1210/jcem.86.12.8125. PMID: 11739418

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