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Hereditary spastic paraplegia 10(SPG10)

MedGen UID:
349003
Concept ID:
C1858712
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: Spastic paraplegia 10; SPASTIC PARAPLEGIA 10 WITH OR WITHOUT PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY; SPASTIC PARAPLEGIA 10 WITH PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY; SPASTIC PARAPLEGIA 10, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT; SPG10
SNOMED CT: Autosomal dominant spastic paraplegia type 10 (732948003)
Modes of inheritance:
Autosomal dominant inheritance
MedGen UID:
141047
Concept ID:
C0443147
Intellectual Product
Source: Orphanet
A mode of inheritance that is observed for traits related to a gene encoded on one of the autosomes (i.e., the human chromosomes 1-22) in which a trait manifests in heterozygotes. In the context of medical genetics, an autosomal dominant disorder is caused when a single copy of the mutant allele is present. Males and females are affected equally, and can both transmit the disorder with a risk of 50% for each child of inheriting the mutant allele.
 
Gene (location): KIF5A (12q13.3)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0011408
OMIM®: 604187
Orphanet: ORPHA100991

Definition

Spastic paraplegia-10 (SPG10) is an autosomal dominant neurologic disorder with variable manifestations. Some patients have onset of a 'pure' spastic paraplegia, with lower limb spasticity, hyperreflexia, extensor plantar responses, and variable involvement of the upper limbs beginning in childhood or young adulthood. Some patients show distal sensory impairment, which can be part of the 'pure' phenotype. However, some patients also show an axonal sensorimotor peripheral neuropathy with distal sensory impairment and distal muscle atrophy reminiscent of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2 (see, e.g., CMT2A, 118210). Rarely, patients with KIF5A mutations may have additional neurologic features, including parkinsonism or cognitive decline, consistent with a 'complicated' phenotype. Spastic paraplegia and peripheral neuropathy in isolation may represent extreme ends of the phenotypic spectrum of KIF5A mutations (summary by Goizet et al., 2009 and Crimella et al., 2012). For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of autosomal dominant spastic paraplegia, see SPG3A (182600). [from OMIM]

Clinical features

From HPO
Urinary incontinence
MedGen UID:
22579
Concept ID:
C0042024
Finding
Loss of the ability to control the urinary bladder leading to involuntary urination.
Urinary urgency
MedGen UID:
39315
Concept ID:
C0085606
Finding
Urge incontinence is the strong, sudden need to urinate.
Urinary bladder sphincter dysfunction
MedGen UID:
334804
Concept ID:
C1843663
Finding
Abnormal function of a sphincter of the urinary bladder.
Ankle clonus
MedGen UID:
68672
Concept ID:
C0238651
Finding
Clonus is an involuntary tendon reflex that causes repeated flexion and extension of the foot. Ankle clonus is tested by rapidly flexing the foot upward.
Pes cavus
MedGen UID:
675590
Concept ID:
C0728829
Congenital Abnormality
An increase in height of the medial longitudinal arch of the foot that does not flatten on weight bearing (i.e., a distinctly hollow form of the sole of the foot when it is bearing weight).
Upper limb muscle weakness
MedGen UID:
305607
Concept ID:
C1698196
Finding
Weakness of the muscles of the arms.
Lower limb muscle weakness
MedGen UID:
324478
Concept ID:
C1836296
Finding
Weakness of the muscles of the legs.
Lower limb hypertonia
MedGen UID:
375612
Concept ID:
C1845245
Finding
Cerebellar ataxia
MedGen UID:
849
Concept ID:
C0007758
Disease or Syndrome
Cerebellar ataxia refers to ataxia due to dysfunction of the cerebellum. This causes a variety of elementary neurological deficits including asynergy (lack of coordination between muscles, limbs and joints), dysmetria (lack of ability to judge distances that can lead to under- or overshoot in grasping movements), and dysdiadochokinesia (inability to perform rapid movements requiring antagonizing muscle groups to be switched on and off repeatedly).
Babinski sign
MedGen UID:
19708
Concept ID:
C0034935
Finding
Upturning of the big toe (and sometimes fanning of the other toes) in response to stimulation of the sole of the foot. If the Babinski sign is present it can indicate damage to the corticospinal tract.
Spastic paraplegia
MedGen UID:
20882
Concept ID:
C0037772
Disease or Syndrome
Spasticity and weakness of the leg and hip muscles.
Spastic gait
MedGen UID:
115907
Concept ID:
C0231687
Finding
Spasticity is manifested by increased stretch reflex which is intensified with movement velocity. This results in excessive and inappropriate muscle activation which can contribute to muscle hypertonia. Spastic gait is characterized by manifestations such as muscle hypertonia, stiff knee, and circumduction of the leg.
Parkinsonian disorder
MedGen UID:
66079
Concept ID:
C0242422
Disease or Syndrome
Characteristic neurologic anomaly resulting from degeneration of dopamine-generating cells in the substantia nigra, a region of the midbrain, characterized clinically by shaking, rigidity, slowness of movement and difficulty with walking and gait.
Knee clonus
MedGen UID:
488908
Concept ID:
C0520823
Finding
Clonus is an involuntary tendon reflex that causes repeated flexion and extension of the foot. Knee clonus can be tested by rapidly pushing the patella towards the toes.
Lower limb spasticity
MedGen UID:
220865
Concept ID:
C1271100
Finding
Spasticity (velocity-dependent increase in tonic stretch reflexes with increased muscle tone and hyperexcitable tendon reflexes) in the muscles of the lower limbs, hips, and pelvis
Distal sensory impairment
MedGen UID:
335722
Concept ID:
C1847584
Finding
An abnormal reduction in sensation in the distal portions of the extremities.
Impaired vibration sensation in the lower limbs
MedGen UID:
338617
Concept ID:
C1849134
Finding
A decrease in the ability to perceive vibration in the legs.
Scoliosis
MedGen UID:
11348
Concept ID:
C0036439
Disease or Syndrome
The presence of an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine.

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • CROGVHereditary spastic paraplegia 10
Follow this link to review classifications for Hereditary spastic paraplegia 10 in Orphanet.

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Byrne DJ, Garcia-Pardo ME, Cole NB, Batnasan B, Heneghan S, Sohail A, Blackstone C, O'Sullivan NC
Acta Neuropathol Commun 2022 Mar 28;10(1):40. doi: 10.1186/s40478-022-01343-6. PMID: 35346366Free PMC Article
Zaghloul A, Manoukian D, Barrett MC, Geronta I, Maizen C
J Pediatr Orthop 2021 Oct 1;41(9):559-565. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001942. PMID: 34387232
van Gassen KL, van der Heijden CD, de Bot ST, den Dunnen WF, van den Berg LH, Verschuuren-Bemelmans CC, Kremer HP, Veldink JH, Kamsteeg EJ, Scheffer H, van de Warrenburg BP
Brain 2012 Oct;135(Pt 10):2994-3004. Epub 2012 Sep 10 doi: 10.1093/brain/aws224. PMID: 22964162

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

de Boer EMJ, de Vries BS, Pennings M, Kamsteeg EJ, Veldink JH, van den Berg LH, van Es MA
J Neurol 2023 Aug;270(8):3970-3980. Epub 2023 May 3 doi: 10.1007/s00415-023-11746-7. PMID: 37133535Free PMC Article
Morsy H, Benkirane M, Cali E, Rocca C, Zhelcheska K, Cipriani V, Galanaki E, Maroofian R, Efthymiou S, Murphy D, O'Driscoll M, Suri M, Banka S, Clayton-Smith J, Wright T, Redman M, Bassetti JA, Nizon M, Cogne B, Jamra RA, Bartolomaeus T, Heruth M, Krey I, Gburek-Augustat J, Wieczorek D, Gattermann F, Mcentagart M, Goldenberg A, Guyant-Marechal L, Garcia-Moreno H, Giunti P, Chabrol B, Bacrot S, Buissonnière R, Magry V, Gowda VK, Srinivasan VM, Melegh B, Szabó A, Sümegi K, Cossée M, Ziff M, Butterfield R, Hunt D, Bird-Lieberman G, Hanna M, Koenig M, Stankewich M, Vandrovcova J, Houlden H; Genomics England Research Consortium
Genet Med 2023 Jan;25(1):76-89. Epub 2022 Nov 4 doi: 10.1016/j.gim.2022.09.013. PMID: 36331550Free PMC Article
Van de Vondel L, De Winter J, Beijer D, Coarelli G, Wayand M, Palvadeau R, Pauly MG, Klein K, Rautenberg M, Guillot-Noël L, Deconinck T, Vural A, Ertan S, Dogu O, Uysal H, Brankovic V, Herzog R, Brice A, Durr A, Klebe S, Stock F, Bischoff AT, Rattay TW, Sobrido MJ, De Michele G, De Jonghe P, Klopstock T, Lohmann K, Zanni G, Santorelli FM, Timmerman V, Haack TB, Züchner S; PREPARE Consortium, Schüle R, Stevanin G, Synofzik M, Basak AN, Baets J
Mov Disord 2022 Jun;37(6):1175-1186. Epub 2022 Feb 12 doi: 10.1002/mds.28959. PMID: 35150594Free PMC Article
Verdura E, Rodríguez-Palmero A, Vélez-Santamaria V, Planas-Serra L, de la Calle I, Raspall-Chaure M, Roubertie A, Benkirane M, Saettini F, Pavinato L, Mandrile G, O'Leary M, O'Heir E, Barredo E, Chacón A, Michaud V, Goizet C, Ruiz M, Schlüter A, Rouvet I, Sala-Coromina J, Fossati C, Iascone M, Canonico F, Marcé-Grau A, de Souza P, Adams DR, Casasnovas C, Rehm HL, Mefford HC, González Gutierrez-Solana L, Brusco A, Koenig M, Macaya A, Pujol A
Brain 2021 Oct 22;144(9):2659-2669. doi: 10.1093/brain/awab124. PMID: 34415322Free PMC Article
Ruano L, Melo C, Silva MC, Coutinho P
Neuroepidemiology 2014;42(3):174-83. Epub 2014 Mar 5 doi: 10.1159/000358801. PMID: 24603320

Diagnosis

Schlüter A, Vélez-Santamaría V, Verdura E, Rodríguez-Palmero A, Ruiz M, Fourcade S, Planas-Serra L, Launay N, Guilera C, Martínez JJ, Homedes-Pedret C, Albertí-Aguiló MA, Zulaika M, Martí I, Troncoso M, Tomás-Vila M, Bullich G, García-Pérez MA, Sobrido-Gómez MJ, López-Laso E, Fons C, Del Toro M, Macaya A; HSP/ataxia workgroup, Beltran S, Gutiérrez-Solana LG, Pérez-Jurado LA, Aguilera-Albesa S, de Munain AL, Casasnovas C, Pujol A
Genome Med 2023 Sep 7;15(1):68. doi: 10.1186/s13073-023-01214-2. PMID: 37679823Free PMC Article
Torella A, Ricca I, Piluso G, Galatolo D, De Michele G, Zanobio M, Trovato R, De Michele G, Zeuli R, Pane C, Cocozza S, Saccà F, Santorelli FM, Nigro V, Filla A
J Neurol 2023 Oct;270(10):5057-5063. Epub 2023 Jul 7 doi: 10.1007/s00415-023-11816-w. PMID: 37418012Free PMC Article
de Boer EMJ, de Vries BS, Pennings M, Kamsteeg EJ, Veldink JH, van den Berg LH, van Es MA
J Neurol 2023 Aug;270(8):3970-3980. Epub 2023 May 3 doi: 10.1007/s00415-023-11746-7. PMID: 37133535Free PMC Article
Pellerin D, Danzi MC, Wilke C, Renaud M, Fazal S, Dicaire MJ, Scriba CK, Ashton C, Yanick C, Beijer D, Rebelo A, Rocca C, Jaunmuktane Z, Sonnen JA, Larivière R, Genís D, Molina Porcel L, Choquet K, Sakalla R, Provost S, Robertson R, Allard-Chamard X, Tétreault M, Reiling SJ, Nagy S, Nishadham V, Purushottam M, Vengalil S, Bardhan M, Nalini A, Chen Z, Mathieu J, Massie R, Chalk CH, Lafontaine AL, Evoy F, Rioux MF, Ragoussis J, Boycott KM, Dubé MP, Duquette A, Houlden H, Ravenscroft G, Laing NG, Lamont PJ, Saporta MA, Schüle R, Schöls L, La Piana R, Synofzik M, Zuchner S, Brais B
N Engl J Med 2023 Jan 12;388(2):128-141. Epub 2022 Dec 14 doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2207406. PMID: 36516086Free PMC Article
Ruano L, Melo C, Silva MC, Coutinho P
Neuroepidemiology 2014;42(3):174-83. Epub 2014 Mar 5 doi: 10.1159/000358801. PMID: 24603320

Therapy

Chen X, Dong T, Hu Y, De Pace R, Mattera R, Eberhardt K, Ziegler M, Pirovolakis T, Sahin M, Bonifacino JS, Ebrahimi-Fakhari D, Gray SJ
J Clin Invest 2023 May 15;133(10) doi: 10.1172/JCI164575. PMID: 36951961Free PMC Article
van de Venis L, van de Warrenburg B, Weerdesteyn V, Geurts ACH, Nonnekes J
Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2023 Jan;37(1):27-36. Epub 2023 Jan 25 doi: 10.1177/15459683221147839. PMID: 36695288Free PMC Article
Lin Q, Liu Y, Ye Z, Hu J, Cai W, Weng Q, Chen WJ, Wang N, Cao D, Lin Y, Fu Y
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2021 Sep 19;16(1):391. doi: 10.1186/s13023-021-02014-w. PMID: 34538260Free PMC Article
Sankaranarayanan R, Nessa A, Esmy PO, Dangou JM
Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 2012 Apr;26(2):221-32. Epub 2011 Nov 9 doi: 10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2011.08.003. PMID: 22075441
Züchner S
Expert Opin Pharmacother 2007 Jul;8(10):1433-9. doi: 10.1517/14656566.8.10.1433. PMID: 17661726

Prognosis

Schlüter A, Vélez-Santamaría V, Verdura E, Rodríguez-Palmero A, Ruiz M, Fourcade S, Planas-Serra L, Launay N, Guilera C, Martínez JJ, Homedes-Pedret C, Albertí-Aguiló MA, Zulaika M, Martí I, Troncoso M, Tomás-Vila M, Bullich G, García-Pérez MA, Sobrido-Gómez MJ, López-Laso E, Fons C, Del Toro M, Macaya A; HSP/ataxia workgroup, Beltran S, Gutiérrez-Solana LG, Pérez-Jurado LA, Aguilera-Albesa S, de Munain AL, Casasnovas C, Pujol A
Genome Med 2023 Sep 7;15(1):68. doi: 10.1186/s13073-023-01214-2. PMID: 37679823Free PMC Article
Cordts I, Semmler L, Prasuhn J, Seibt A, Herebian D, Navaratnarajah T, Park J, Deininger N, Laugwitz L, Göricke SL, Lingor P, Brüggemann N, Münchau A, Synofzik M, Timmann D, Mayr JA, Haack TB, Distelmaier F, Deschauer M
Mov Disord 2022 Oct;37(10):2147-2153. Epub 2022 Sep 1 doi: 10.1002/mds.29167. PMID: 36047608
MacWilliams BA, Carroll KL, Stotts AK, Kerr LM, Schwartz MH
Gait Posture 2022 Oct;98:34-38. Epub 2022 Aug 17 doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2022.08.011. PMID: 36041285
Xing F, Du J
Neurol Sci 2022 Aug;43(8):4989-4996. Epub 2022 Mar 28 doi: 10.1007/s10072-022-05921-3. PMID: 35348942
Yang JO, Yoon JY, Sung DH, Yun S, Lee JJ, Jun SY, Halder D, Jeon SJ, Woo EJ, Seok JM, Cho JW, Jang JH, Choi JK, Kim BJ, Kim NS
Genomics 2021 Nov;113(6):4136-4148. Epub 2021 Oct 27 doi: 10.1016/j.ygeno.2021.10.014. PMID: 34715294

Clinical prediction guides

Méreaux JL, Davoine CS, Pellerin D, Coarelli G, Coutelier M, Ewenczyk C, Monin ML, Anheim M, Le Ber I, Thobois S, Gobert F, Guillot-Noël L, Forlani S, Jornea L, Heinzmann A, Sangare A, Gaymard B, Guyant-Maréchal L, Charles P, Marelli C, Honnorat J, Degos B, Tison F, Sangla S, Simonetta-Moreau M, Salachas F, Tchikviladzé M, Castelnovo G, Mochel F, Klebe S, Castrioto A, Fenu S, Méneret A, Bourdain F, Wandzel M, Roth V, Bonnet C, Riant F, Stevanin G, Noël S, Fauret-Amsellem AL, Bahlo M, Lockhart PJ, Brais B, Renaud M, Brice A, Durr A
EBioMedicine 2024 Jan;99:104931. Epub 2023 Dec 27 doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2023.104931. PMID: 38150853Free PMC Article
Schlüter A, Vélez-Santamaría V, Verdura E, Rodríguez-Palmero A, Ruiz M, Fourcade S, Planas-Serra L, Launay N, Guilera C, Martínez JJ, Homedes-Pedret C, Albertí-Aguiló MA, Zulaika M, Martí I, Troncoso M, Tomás-Vila M, Bullich G, García-Pérez MA, Sobrido-Gómez MJ, López-Laso E, Fons C, Del Toro M, Macaya A; HSP/ataxia workgroup, Beltran S, Gutiérrez-Solana LG, Pérez-Jurado LA, Aguilera-Albesa S, de Munain AL, Casasnovas C, Pujol A
Genome Med 2023 Sep 7;15(1):68. doi: 10.1186/s13073-023-01214-2. PMID: 37679823Free PMC Article
Alecu JE, Saffari A, Ziegler M, Jordan C, Tam A, Kim S, Leung E, Szczaluba K, Mierzewska H, King SD, Santorelli FM, Yoon G, Trombetta B, Kivisäkk P, Zhang B, Sahin M, Ebrahimi-Fakhari D
Mov Disord 2023 Sep;38(9):1742-1750. Epub 2023 Jul 22 doi: 10.1002/mds.29524. PMID: 37482941Free PMC Article
Chen X, Dong T, Hu Y, De Pace R, Mattera R, Eberhardt K, Ziegler M, Pirovolakis T, Sahin M, Bonifacino JS, Ebrahimi-Fakhari D, Gray SJ
J Clin Invest 2023 May 15;133(10) doi: 10.1172/JCI164575. PMID: 36951961Free PMC Article
Du J
J Clin Neurosci 2021 Mar;85:67-71. Epub 2021 Jan 15 doi: 10.1016/j.jocn.2020.11.036. PMID: 33581793

Recent systematic reviews

Du J
J Clin Neurosci 2021 Mar;85:67-71. Epub 2021 Jan 15 doi: 10.1016/j.jocn.2020.11.036. PMID: 33581793
Lohkamp LN, Coulter I, Ibrahim GM
Childs Nerv Syst 2020 Jul;36(7):1357-1365. Epub 2020 Apr 16 doi: 10.1007/s00381-020-04601-x. PMID: 32300873
Ruano L, Melo C, Silva MC, Coutinho P
Neuroepidemiology 2014;42(3):174-83. Epub 2014 Mar 5 doi: 10.1159/000358801. PMID: 24603320

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