U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination

Plantar flexion contracture

MedGen UID:
349991
Concept ID:
C1861239
Finding
Synonym: Plantar flexion contractures
 
HPO: HP:0008112

Definition

A type of contracture in which the plantar flexion muscles are contracted. [from HPO]

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • CROGVPlantar flexion contracture

Conditions with this feature

Distal arthrogryposis type 10
MedGen UID:
349990
Concept ID:
C1861238
Disease or Syndrome
A rare genetic distal arthrogryposis syndrome with characteristics of plantar flexion contractures typically presenting with toe-walking in infancy, variably associated with milder contractures of the hip, elbow, wrist and finger joints. No ocular or neurological abnormalities are associated and serum creatine phosphokinase levels are normal.
Spinal muscular atrophy, distal, autosomal recessive, 6
MedGen UID:
1823974
Concept ID:
C5774201
Disease or Syndrome
Autosomal recessive distal hereditary motor neuronopathy-6 (HMNR6) is a neuromuscular disorder characterized by onset of distal muscle weakness in early infancy. Affected individuals often present at birth with distal joint contractures or foot deformities and show delayed motor development, often with inability to walk or frequent falls. Hypo- or hyperreflexia may be observed; limb muscle atrophy may also be present. Patients often show respiratory distress or diaphragmatic palsy. Electrophysiologic studies are consistent with a peripheral motor neuropathy without sensory involvement (Maroofian et al., 2019). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of autosomal recessive distal HMN, see HMNR1 (604320).

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Fellas A, Hawke F, Santos D, Coda A
J Paediatr Child Health 2017 Sep;53(9):836-840. Epub 2017 Aug 2 doi: 10.1111/jpc.13646. PMID: 28767173
Appasamy M, De Witt ME, Patel N, Yeh N, Bloom O, Oreste A
PM R 2015 Feb;7(2):105-12. Epub 2014 Nov 13 doi: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2014.10.015. PMID: 25460209
Smith AC
Hand Clin 1991 Nov;7(4):635-42; discussion 643. PMID: 1769986

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Jong LR
Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 Apr;145(4):734e-743e. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000006708. PMID: 32221207
Meyers T
J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 2017 Sep/Oct;44(5):429-433. doi: 10.1097/WON.0000000000000355. PMID: 28877108
Han SH, Chung NS, Park DY
Ann Plast Surg 2015 Jul;75(1):19-23. doi: 10.1097/SAP.0b013e3182a884ea. PMID: 24727446
Meyers TR
J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 2010 Jul-Aug;37(4):372-8. doi: 10.1097/WON.0b013e3181e3990b. PMID: 20571472
Hahn SB, Lee JW, Jeong JH
J Bone Joint Surg Br 1998 Jan;80(1):86-90. doi: 10.1302/0301-620x.80b1.7891. PMID: 9460959

Diagnosis

Gaudreault N, Gravel D, Nadeau S
J Electromyogr Kinesiol 2009 Jun;19(3):e180-6. Epub 2007 Oct 31 doi: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2007.09.004. PMID: 17977021
Tanaka K, Yamada T, Kikuchi H, Mitsunaga Y, Furuya H, Kira J
Acta Neurol Scand 1999 Sep;100(3):199-201. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0404.1999.tb00739.x. PMID: 10478586

Therapy

Jong LR
Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 Apr;145(4):734e-743e. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000006708. PMID: 32221207
Elnaggar RK, Samhan AF, Elshafey MA
J Burn Care Res 2020 May 2;41(3):612-618. doi: 10.1093/jbcr/irz212. PMID: 31867608
Meyers T
J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 2017 Sep/Oct;44(5):429-433. doi: 10.1097/WON.0000000000000355. PMID: 28877108
Han SH, Chung NS, Park DY
Ann Plast Surg 2015 Jul;75(1):19-23. doi: 10.1097/SAP.0b013e3182a884ea. PMID: 24727446
Meyers TR
J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 2010 Jul-Aug;37(4):372-8. doi: 10.1097/WON.0b013e3181e3990b. PMID: 20571472

Prognosis

Jong LR
Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 Apr;145(4):734e-743e. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000006708. PMID: 32221207
Meyers TR
J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 2010 Jul-Aug;37(4):372-8. doi: 10.1097/WON.0b013e3181e3990b. PMID: 20571472

Clinical prediction guides

Elnaggar RK, Samhan AF, Elshafey MA
J Burn Care Res 2020 May 2;41(3):612-618. doi: 10.1093/jbcr/irz212. PMID: 31867608
Meyers T
J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 2017 Sep/Oct;44(5):429-433. doi: 10.1097/WON.0000000000000355. PMID: 28877108
Han SH, Chung NS, Park DY
Ann Plast Surg 2015 Jul;75(1):19-23. doi: 10.1097/SAP.0b013e3182a884ea. PMID: 24727446
Meyers TR
J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 2010 Jul-Aug;37(4):372-8. doi: 10.1097/WON.0b013e3181e3990b. PMID: 20571472
Yong SM, Smith PA, Kuo KN
J Pediatr Orthop 2007 Oct-Nov;27(7):814-20. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e3181558a37. PMID: 17878791

Supplemental Content

Table of contents

    Clinical resources

    Practice guidelines

    • PubMed
      See practice and clinical guidelines in PubMed. The search results may include broader topics and may not capture all published guidelines. See the FAQ for details.

    Consumer resources

    Recent activity

    Your browsing activity is empty.

    Activity recording is turned off.

    Turn recording back on

    See more...