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Hereditary spastic paraplegia 27(SPG27)

MedGen UID:
373203
Concept ID:
C1836899
Disease or Syndrome
Synonym: Spastic paraplegia 27, autosomal recessive
SNOMED CT: Autosomal recessive spastic paraplegia type 27 (778030005)
Modes of inheritance:
Autosomal recessive inheritance
MedGen UID:
141025
Concept ID:
C0441748
Intellectual Product
Source: Orphanet
A mode of inheritance that is observed for traits related to a gene encoded on one of the autosomes (i.e., the human chromosomes 1-22) in which a trait manifests in individuals with two pathogenic alleles, either homozygotes (two copies of the same mutant allele) or compound heterozygotes (whereby each copy of a gene has a distinct mutant allele).
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0012181
OMIM®: 609041
Orphanet: ORPHA101007

Definition

A rare pure or complex hereditary spastic paraplegia with characteristics of variable onset of slowly progressive lower limb spasticity, hyperreflexia and extensor plantar responses, that may be associated with sensorimotor polyneuropathy, decreased vibration sense, lower limb distal muscle wasting, dysarthria and mild to moderate intellectual disability. [from SNOMEDCT_US]

Clinical features

From HPO
Spastic/hyperactive bladder
MedGen UID:
373204
Concept ID:
C1836904
Finding
Dysarthria
MedGen UID:
8510
Concept ID:
C0013362
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
Dysarthric speech is a general description referring to a neurological speech disorder characterized by poor articulation. Depending on the involved neurological structures, dysarthria may be further classified as spastic, flaccid, ataxic, hyperkinetic and hypokinetic, or mixed.
Babinski sign
MedGen UID:
19708
Concept ID:
C0034935
Finding
Upturning of the big toe (and sometimes fanning of the other toes) in response to stimulation of the sole of the foot. If the Babinski sign is present it can indicate damage to the corticospinal tract.
Spastic paraplegia
MedGen UID:
20882
Concept ID:
C0037772
Disease or Syndrome
Spasticity and weakness of the leg and hip muscles.
Lower limb spasticity
MedGen UID:
220865
Concept ID:
C1271100
Finding
Spasticity (velocity-dependent increase in tonic stretch reflexes with increased muscle tone and hyperexcitable tendon reflexes) in the muscles of the lower limbs, hips, and pelvis
Lower limb hyperreflexia
MedGen UID:
322973
Concept ID:
C1836696
Finding
Impaired vibration sensation at ankles
MedGen UID:
343107
Concept ID:
C1854372
Finding
A decrease in the ability to perceive vibration at the ankles. Clinically, this is usually tested with a tuning fork which vibrates at 128 Hz and is applied to the malleoli of the ankles.

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • CROGVHereditary spastic paraplegia 27
Follow this link to review classifications for Hereditary spastic paraplegia 27 in Orphanet.

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Aleksovska K, Kobulashvili T, Costa J, Zimmermann G, Ritchie K, Reinhard C, Vignatelli L, Fanciulli A, Damian M, Pavlakova L, Burgunder JM, Kopishinskaya S, Rakusa M, Kovacs N, Erdogan FF, Linton LR, Copetti M, Lamperti C, Servidei S, Evangelista T, Ayme S, Pareyson D, Sellner J, Krarup C, de Visser M, van den Bergh P, Toscano A, Graessner H, Berger T, Bassetti C, Vidailhet M, Trinka E, Deuschl G, Federico A, Leone MA
Eur J Neurol 2022 Jun;29(6):1571-1586. Epub 2022 Mar 23 doi: 10.1111/ene.15267. PMID: 35318776
Beetz C, Schüle R, Deconinck T, Tran-Viet KN, Zhu H, Kremer BP, Frints SG, van Zelst-Stams WA, Byrne P, Otto S, Nygren AO, Baets J, Smets K, Ceulemans B, Dan B, Nagan N, Kassubek J, Klimpe S, Klopstock T, Stolze H, Smeets HJ, Schrander-Stumpel CT, Hutchinson M, van de Warrenburg BP, Braastad C, Deufel T, Pericak-Vance M, Schöls L, de Jonghe P, Züchner S
Brain 2008 Apr;131(Pt 4):1078-86. Epub 2008 Mar 5 doi: 10.1093/brain/awn026. PMID: 18321925Free PMC Article

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

van de Venis L, van de Warrenburg B, Weerdesteyn V, Geurts ACH, Nonnekes J
Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2023 Jan;37(1):27-36. Epub 2023 Jan 25 doi: 10.1177/15459683221147839. PMID: 36695288Free PMC Article
Nunes LGA, Pitts MW, Hoffmann PR
Arch Biochem Biophys 2022 Oct 30;729:109376. Epub 2022 Aug 22 doi: 10.1016/j.abb.2022.109376. PMID: 36007576
Carrasco Salas P, Martínez Fernández E, Méndez Del Barrio C, Serrano Mira A, Guerrero Moreno N, Royo I, Delgado M, Oropesa JM, Vázquez Rico I
Int J Neurosci 2022 Aug;132(8):767-777. Epub 2022 Feb 3 doi: 10.1080/00207454.2020.1838514. PMID: 33059505
Servelhere KR, Rezende TJR, de Lima FD, de Brito MR, de França Nunes RF, Casseb RF, Pedroso JL, Barsottini OGP, Cendes F, França MC Jr
Mov Disord 2021 Jul;36(7):1644-1653. Epub 2021 Feb 11 doi: 10.1002/mds.28519. PMID: 33576112
Ruano L, Melo C, Silva MC, Coutinho P
Neuroepidemiology 2014;42(3):174-83. Epub 2014 Mar 5 doi: 10.1159/000358801. PMID: 24603320

Diagnosis

Siow SF, Yeow D, Rudaks LI, Jia F, Wali G, Sue CM, Kumar KR
Genes (Basel) 2023 Sep 3;14(9) doi: 10.3390/genes14091756. PMID: 37761896Free PMC Article
Mo A, Saffari A, Kellner M, Döbler-Neumann M, Jordan C, Srivastava S, Zhang B, Sahin M, Fink JK, Smith L, Posey JE, Alter KE, Toro C, Blackstone C, Soldatos AG, Christie M, Schüle R, Ebrahimi-Fakhari D
Mov Disord 2022 Dec;37(12):2440-2446. Epub 2022 Sep 14 doi: 10.1002/mds.29225. PMID: 36103453Free PMC Article
Carrasco Salas P, Martínez Fernández E, Méndez Del Barrio C, Serrano Mira A, Guerrero Moreno N, Royo I, Delgado M, Oropesa JM, Vázquez Rico I
Int J Neurosci 2022 Aug;132(8):767-777. Epub 2022 Feb 3 doi: 10.1080/00207454.2020.1838514. PMID: 33059505
Marelli C, Lamari F, Rainteau D, Lafourcade A, Banneau G, Humbert L, Monin ML, Petit E, Debs R, Castelnovo G, Ollagnon E, Lavie J, Pilliod J, Coupry I, Babin PJ, Guissart C, Benyounes I, Ullmann U, Lesca G, Thauvin-Robinet C, Labauge P, Odent S, Ewenczyk C, Wolf C, Stevanin G, Hajage D, Durr A, Goizet C, Mochel F
Brain 2018 Jan 1;141(1):72-84. doi: 10.1093/brain/awx297. PMID: 29228183
Ruano L, Melo C, Silva MC, Coutinho P
Neuroepidemiology 2014;42(3):174-83. Epub 2014 Mar 5 doi: 10.1159/000358801. PMID: 24603320

Therapy

van de Venis L, van de Warrenburg B, Weerdesteyn V, Geurts ACH, Nonnekes J
Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2023 Jan;37(1):27-36. Epub 2023 Jan 25 doi: 10.1177/15459683221147839. PMID: 36695288Free PMC Article
Lin Q, Liu Y, Ye Z, Hu J, Cai W, Weng Q, Chen WJ, Wang N, Cao D, Lin Y, Fu Y
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2021 Sep 19;16(1):391. doi: 10.1186/s13023-021-02014-w. PMID: 34538260Free PMC Article
Yang H, Brown RH Jr, Wang D, Strauss KA, Gao G
Trends Mol Med 2021 Jun;27(6):520-523. Epub 2021 Mar 10 doi: 10.1016/j.molmed.2021.02.004. PMID: 33714697Free PMC Article
Marelli C, Lamari F, Rainteau D, Lafourcade A, Banneau G, Humbert L, Monin ML, Petit E, Debs R, Castelnovo G, Ollagnon E, Lavie J, Pilliod J, Coupry I, Babin PJ, Guissart C, Benyounes I, Ullmann U, Lesca G, Thauvin-Robinet C, Labauge P, Odent S, Ewenczyk C, Wolf C, Stevanin G, Hajage D, Durr A, Goizet C, Mochel F
Brain 2018 Jan 1;141(1):72-84. doi: 10.1093/brain/awx297. PMID: 29228183
Schöls L, Rattay TW, Martus P, Meisner C, Baets J, Fischer I, Jägle C, Fraidakis MJ, Martinuzzi A, Saute JA, Scarlato M, Antenora A, Stendel C, Höflinger P, Lourenco CM, Abreu L, Smets K, Paucar M, Deconinck T, Bis DM, Wiethoff S, Bauer P, Arnoldi A, Marques W, Jardim LB, Hauser S, Criscuolo C, Filla A, Züchner S, Bassi MT, Klopstock T, De Jonghe P, Björkhem I, Schüle R
Brain 2017 Dec 1;140(12):3112-3127. doi: 10.1093/brain/awx273. PMID: 29126212Free PMC Article

Prognosis

Heinrich F, Cordts I, Günther R, Stolte B, Zeller D, Schröter C, Weyen U, Regensburger M, Wolf J, Schneider I, Hermann A, Metelmann M, Kohl Z, Linker RA, Koch JC, Radelfahr F, Schönfelder E, Gardt P, Mohajer-Peseschkian T, Osmanovic A, Klopstock T, Dorst J, Ludolph AC, Schöffski O, Boentert M, Hagenacker T, Deschauer M, Lingor P, Petri S, Schreiber-Katz O
J Neurol 2023 Oct;270(10):4922-4938. Epub 2023 Jun 25 doi: 10.1007/s00415-023-11811-1. PMID: 37356024Free PMC Article
Tanti M, Cairns D, Mirza N, McCann E, Young C
Neurogenetics 2020 Oct;21(4):305-308. Epub 2020 Jun 5 doi: 10.1007/s10048-020-00619-0. PMID: 32500351
Jia X, Madireddy L, Caillier S, Santaniello A, Esposito F, Comi G, Stuve O, Zhou Y, Taylor B, Kilpatrick T, Martinelli-Boneschi F, Cree BAC, Oksenberg JR, Hauser SL, Baranzini SE
Ann Neurol 2018 Jul;84(1):51-63. Epub 2018 Jul 3 doi: 10.1002/ana.25263. PMID: 29908077Free PMC Article
Loureiro JL, Brandão E, Ruano L, Brandão AF, Lopes AM, Thieleke-Matos C, Miller-Fleming L, Cruz VT, Barbosa M, Silveira I, Stevanin G, Pinto-Basto J, Sequeiros J, Alonso I, Coutinho P
JAMA Neurol 2013 Apr;70(4):481-7. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2013.1956. PMID: 23400676
Siam A, Brancale A, Simons C
J Mol Model 2012 Feb;18(2):441-53. Epub 2011 May 4 doi: 10.1007/s00894-011-1084-6. PMID: 21541746

Clinical prediction guides

Yao L, Zhu Z, Zhang C, Tian W, Cao L
Ann Clin Transl Neurol 2023 Mar;10(3):328-338. Epub 2023 Jan 9 doi: 10.1002/acn3.51722. PMID: 36622199Free PMC Article
Mo A, Saffari A, Kellner M, Döbler-Neumann M, Jordan C, Srivastava S, Zhang B, Sahin M, Fink JK, Smith L, Posey JE, Alter KE, Toro C, Blackstone C, Soldatos AG, Christie M, Schüle R, Ebrahimi-Fakhari D
Mov Disord 2022 Dec;37(12):2440-2446. Epub 2022 Sep 14 doi: 10.1002/mds.29225. PMID: 36103453Free PMC Article
Liu X, Duan X, Zhang Y, Sun A, Fan D
Eur J Neurol 2020 Jul;27(7):1319-1326. Epub 2020 May 12 doi: 10.1111/ene.14260. PMID: 32298515
Cui F, Sun L, Qiao J, Xiong J, Zhao Y, Li J, Li M, Chen S, Huang X
Neurol Res 2018 Dec;40(12):1088-1093. doi: 10.1080/01616412.2018.1522412. PMID: 30352018
Marelli C, Lamari F, Rainteau D, Lafourcade A, Banneau G, Humbert L, Monin ML, Petit E, Debs R, Castelnovo G, Ollagnon E, Lavie J, Pilliod J, Coupry I, Babin PJ, Guissart C, Benyounes I, Ullmann U, Lesca G, Thauvin-Robinet C, Labauge P, Odent S, Ewenczyk C, Wolf C, Stevanin G, Hajage D, Durr A, Goizet C, Mochel F
Brain 2018 Jan 1;141(1):72-84. doi: 10.1093/brain/awx297. PMID: 29228183

Recent systematic reviews

Ruano L, Melo C, Silva MC, Coutinho P
Neuroepidemiology 2014;42(3):174-83. Epub 2014 Mar 5 doi: 10.1159/000358801. PMID: 24603320
Loureiro JL, Brandão E, Ruano L, Brandão AF, Lopes AM, Thieleke-Matos C, Miller-Fleming L, Cruz VT, Barbosa M, Silveira I, Stevanin G, Pinto-Basto J, Sequeiros J, Alonso I, Coutinho P
JAMA Neurol 2013 Apr;70(4):481-7. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2013.1956. PMID: 23400676

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