U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination

Intellectual disability, autosomal recessive 3(MRT3)

MedGen UID:
373870
Concept ID:
C1838023
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
Synonyms: INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDER, AUTOSOMAL RECESSIVE 3; MRT3
 
Gene (location): CC2D1A (19p13.12)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0012037
OMIM®: 608443

Definition

Any autosomal recessive non-syndromic intellectual disability in which the cause of the disease is a mutation in the CC2D1A gene. [from MONDO]

Clinical features

From HPO
Intellectual disability, severe
MedGen UID:
48638
Concept ID:
C0036857
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
Severe mental retardation is defined as an intelligence quotient (IQ) in the range of 20-34.
Short attention span
MedGen UID:
82652
Concept ID:
C0262630
Finding
Reduced attention span characterized by distractibility and impulsivity.
Hyperactivity
MedGen UID:
98406
Concept ID:
C0424295
Finding
Hyperactivity is a condition characterized by constant and unusually high levels of activity, even in situations where it is deemed inappropriate.
Delayed speech and language development
MedGen UID:
105318
Concept ID:
C0454644
Finding
A degree of language development that is significantly below the norm for a child of a specified age.
Global developmental delay
MedGen UID:
107838
Concept ID:
C0557874
Finding
A delay in the achievement of motor or mental milestones in the domains of development of a child, including motor skills, speech and language, cognitive skills, and social and emotional skills. This term should only be used to describe children younger than five years of age.
Incomprehensible speech
MedGen UID:
333001
Concept ID:
C1838027
Finding
Progressive microcephaly
MedGen UID:
340542
Concept ID:
C1850456
Anatomical Abnormality
Progressive microcephaly is diagnosed when the head circumference falls progressively behind age- and gender-dependent norms.
Hypomimic face
MedGen UID:
208827
Concept ID:
C0813217
Finding
A reduced degree of motion of the muscles beneath the skin of the face, often associated with reduced facial crease formation.

Professional guidelines

PubMed

D'Onofrio G, Accogli A, Severino M, Caliskan H, Kokotović T, Blazekovic A, Jercic KG, Markovic S, Zigman T, Goran K, Barišić N, Duranovic V, Ban A, Borovecki F, Ramadža DP, Barić I, Fazeli W, Herkenrath P, Marini C, Vittorini R, Gowda V, Bouman A, Rocca C, Alkhawaja IA, Murtaza BN, Rehman MMU, Al Alam C, Nader G, Mancardi MM, Giacomini T, Srivastava S, Alvi JR, Tomoum H, Matricardi S, Iacomino M, Riva A, Scala M, Madia F, Pistorio A, Salpietro V, Minetti C, Rivière JB, Srour M, Efthymiou S, Maroofian R, Houlden H, Vernes SC, Zara F, Striano P, Nagy V
Hum Genet 2023 Jul;142(7):909-925. Epub 2023 May 14 doi: 10.1007/s00439-023-02552-2. PMID: 37183190Free PMC Article
Shang S, Mei Y, Wang T, Zheng X, Chen K, Xiong S, Dong Y, Chang Y, Wu X, Kong X, Tan M, Wu L, Zhang Y, Xiao Y, Xie Y, Cai G, Chen X, Li Q
Clin Nephrol 2022 Jun;97(6):328-338. doi: 10.5414/CN110476. PMID: 35142283
Ricciardello A, Tomaiuolo P, Persico AM
Am J Med Genet A 2021 Jul;185(7):2211-2233. Epub 2021 May 5 doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.62222. PMID: 33949759Free PMC Article

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Zhang Y, Peng C, Wang L, Chen S, Wang J, Tian Z, Wang C, Chen X, Zhu S, Zhang GF, Wang Y
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2023 Sep 9;18(1):281. doi: 10.1186/s13023-023-02898-w. PMID: 37689673Free PMC Article
Serey-Gaut M, Cortes M, Makrythanasis P, Suri M, Taylor AMR, Sullivan JA, Asleh AN, Mitra J, Dar MA, McNamara A, Shashi V, Dugan S, Song X, Rosenfeld JA, Cabrol C, Iwaszkiewicz J, Zoete V, Pehlivan D, Akdemir ZC, Roeder ER, Littlejohn RO, Dibra HK, Byrd PJ, Stewart GS, Geckinli BB, Posey J, Westman R, Jungbluth C, Eason J, Sachdev R, Evans CA, Lemire G, VanNoy GE, O'Donnell-Luria A, Mau-Them FT, Juven A, Piard J, Nixon CY, Zhu Y, Ha T, Buckley MF, Thauvin C, Essien Umanah GK, Van Maldergem L, Lupski JR, Roscioli T, Dawson VL, Dawson TM, Antonarakis SE
Am J Hum Genet 2023 Mar 2;110(3):499-515. Epub 2023 Jan 31 doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2023.01.006. PMID: 36724785Free PMC Article
Taşkıran EZ, Karaosmanoğlu B, Koşukcu C, Ürel-Demir G, Akgün-Doğan Ö, Şimşek-Kiper PÖ, Alikaşifoğlu M, Boduroğlu K, Utine GE
J Intellect Disabil Res 2021 Jun;65(6):577-588. Epub 2021 Mar 19 doi: 10.1111/jir.12835. PMID: 33739554
Qu R, Sang Q, Wang X, Xu Y, Chen B, Mu J, Zhang Z, Jin L, He L, Wang L
Ann Hum Genet 2020 Jan;84(1):46-53. Epub 2019 Sep 8 doi: 10.1111/ahg.12349. PMID: 31495922
Chrzanowska KH, Gregorek H, Dembowska-Bagińska B, Kalina MA, Digweed M
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2012 Feb 28;7:13. doi: 10.1186/1750-1172-7-13. PMID: 22373003Free PMC Article

Diagnosis

Zhang Y, Peng C, Wang L, Chen S, Wang J, Tian Z, Wang C, Chen X, Zhu S, Zhang GF, Wang Y
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2023 Sep 9;18(1):281. doi: 10.1186/s13023-023-02898-w. PMID: 37689673Free PMC Article
Kalyon S, Gökden Y, Demirel N, Erden B, Türkyılmaz A
Turk J Gastroenterol 2019 Jan;30(1):105-108. doi: 10.5152/tjg.2018.18014. PMID: 30457558Free PMC Article
Reuter MS, Tawamie H, Buchert R, Hosny Gebril O, Froukh T, Thiel C, Uebe S, Ekici AB, Krumbiegel M, Zweier C, Hoyer J, Eberlein K, Bauer J, Scheller U, Strom TM, Hoffjan S, Abdelraouf ER, Meguid NA, Abboud A, Al Khateeb MA, Fakher M, Hamdan S, Ismael A, Muhammad S, Abdallah E, Sticht H, Wieczorek D, Reis A, Abou Jamra R
JAMA Psychiatry 2017 Mar 1;74(3):293-299. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2016.3798. PMID: 28097321
de Ligt J, Willemsen MH, van Bon BW, Kleefstra T, Yntema HG, Kroes T, Vulto-van Silfhout AT, Koolen DA, de Vries P, Gilissen C, del Rosario M, Hoischen A, Scheffer H, de Vries BB, Brunner HG, Veltman JA, Vissers LE
N Engl J Med 2012 Nov 15;367(20):1921-9. Epub 2012 Oct 3 doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1206524. PMID: 23033978
Malm D, Nilssen Ø
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2008 Jul 23;3:21. doi: 10.1186/1750-1172-3-21. PMID: 18651971Free PMC Article

Therapy

Yunisova G, Tufekcioglu Z, Dogu O, Bilgic B, Kaleagasi H, Akca Kalem S, Lohmann E, Gurvit HI, Emre M, Hanagasi HA
Neurodegener Dis 2019;19(5-6):218-224. Epub 2020 Apr 29 doi: 10.1159/000506770. PMID: 32349000
Matevosyan NR
Arch Gynecol Obstet 2016 Jan;293(1):87-99. Epub 2015 Jun 11 doi: 10.1007/s00404-015-3770-6. PMID: 26063342
Zhang Y, Yu X, Ichikawa M, Lyons JJ, Datta S, Lamborn IT, Jing H, Kim ES, Biancalana M, Wolfe LA, DiMaggio T, Matthews HF, Kranick SM, Stone KD, Holland SM, Reich DS, Hughes JD, Mehmet H, McElwee J, Freeman AF, Freeze HH, Su HC, Milner JD
J Allergy Clin Immunol 2014 May;133(5):1400-9, 1409.e1-5. Epub 2014 Feb 28 doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2014.02.013. PMID: 24589341Free PMC Article
Kaler SG
Handb Clin Neurol 2013;113:1745-54. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-444-59565-2.00045-9. PMID: 23622398Free PMC Article
Warburg M
Birth Defects Orig Artic Ser 1971 Mar;7(3):136-54. PMID: 4950916

Prognosis

Zhang Y, Peng C, Wang L, Chen S, Wang J, Tian Z, Wang C, Chen X, Zhu S, Zhang GF, Wang Y
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2023 Sep 9;18(1):281. doi: 10.1186/s13023-023-02898-w. PMID: 37689673Free PMC Article
Saffari A, Lau T, Tajsharghi H, Karimiani EG, Kariminejad A, Efthymiou S, Zifarelli G, Sultan T, Toosi MB, Sedighzadeh S, Siu VM, Ortigoza-Escobar JD, AlShamsi AM, Ibrahim S, Al-Sannaa NA, Al-Hertani W, Sandra W, Tarnopolsky M, Alavi S, Li C, Day-Salvatore DL, Martínez-González MJ, Levandoski KM, Bedoukian E, Madan-Khetarpal S, Idleburg MJ, Menezes MJ, Siddharth A, Platzer K, Oppermann H, Smitka M, Collins F, Lek M, Shahrooei M, Ghavideldarestani M, Herman I, Rendu J, Faure J, Baker J, Bhambhani V, Calderwood L, Akhondian J, Imannezhad S, Mirzadeh HS, Hashemi N, Doosti M, Safi M, Ahangari N, Torbati PN, Abedini S, Salpietro V, Gulec EY, Eshaghian S, Ghazavi M, Pascher MT, Vogel M, Abicht A, Moutton S, Bruel AL, Rieubland C, Gallati S, Strom TM, Lochmüller H, Mohammadi MH, Alvi JR, Zackai EH, Keena BA, Skraban CM, Berger SI, Andrew EH, Rahimian E, Morrow MM, Wentzensen IM, Millan F, Henderson LB, Dafsari HS, Jungbluth H, Gomez-Ospina N, McRae A, Peter M, Veltra D, Marinakis NM, Sofocleous C, Ashrafzadeh F, Pehlivan D, Lemke JR, Melki J, Benezit A, Bauer P, Weis D, Lupski JR, Senderek J, Christodoulou J, Chung WK, Goodchild R, Offiah AC, Moreno-De-Luca A, Suri M, Ebrahimi-Fakhari D, Houlden H, Maroofian R
Brain 2023 Aug 1;146(8):3273-3288. doi: 10.1093/brain/awad039. PMID: 36757831Free PMC Article
Bayat A, de Valles-Ibáñez G, Pendziwiat M, Knaus A, Alt K, Biamino E, Bley A, Calvert S, Carney P, Caro-Llopis A, Ceulemans B, Cousin J, Davis S, des Portes V, Edery P, England E, Ferreira C, Freeman J, Gener B, Gorce M, Heron D, Hildebrand MS, Jezela-Stanek A, Jouk PS, Keren B, Kloth K, Kluger G, Kuhn M, Lemke JR, Li H, Martinez F, Maxton C, Mefford HC, Merla G, Mierzewska H, Muir A, Monfort S, Nicolai J, Norman J, O'Grady G, Oleksy B, Orellana C, Orec LE, Peinhardt C, Pronicka E, Rosello M, Santos-Simarro F, Schwaibold EMC, Stegmann APA, Stumpel CT, Szczepanik E, Terczyńska I, Thevenon J, Tzschach A, Van Bogaert P, Vittorini R, Walsh S, Weckhuysen S, Weissman B, Wolfe L, Reymond A, De Nittis P, Poduri A, Olson H, Striano P, Lesca G, Scheffer IE, Møller RS, Sadleir LG
Epilepsia 2022 Apr;63(4):974-991. Epub 2022 Feb 18 doi: 10.1111/epi.17173. PMID: 35179230
de Ligt J, Willemsen MH, van Bon BW, Kleefstra T, Yntema HG, Kroes T, Vulto-van Silfhout AT, Koolen DA, de Vries P, Gilissen C, del Rosario M, Hoischen A, Scheffer H, de Vries BB, Brunner HG, Veltman JA, Vissers LE
N Engl J Med 2012 Nov 15;367(20):1921-9. Epub 2012 Oct 3 doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1206524. PMID: 23033978
Malm D, Nilssen Ø
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2008 Jul 23;3:21. doi: 10.1186/1750-1172-3-21. PMID: 18651971Free PMC Article

Clinical prediction guides

Mattioli F, Worpenberg L, Li CT, Ibrahim N, Naz S, Sharif S, Firouzabadi SG, Vosoogh S, Saraeva-Lamri R, Raymond L, Trujillo C, Guex N, Antonarakis SE, Ansar M, Darvish H, Liu RJ, Roignant JY, Reymond A
Genet Med 2023 Sep;25(9):100900. Epub 2023 May 21 doi: 10.1016/j.gim.2023.100900. PMID: 37226891
Saffari A, Lau T, Tajsharghi H, Karimiani EG, Kariminejad A, Efthymiou S, Zifarelli G, Sultan T, Toosi MB, Sedighzadeh S, Siu VM, Ortigoza-Escobar JD, AlShamsi AM, Ibrahim S, Al-Sannaa NA, Al-Hertani W, Sandra W, Tarnopolsky M, Alavi S, Li C, Day-Salvatore DL, Martínez-González MJ, Levandoski KM, Bedoukian E, Madan-Khetarpal S, Idleburg MJ, Menezes MJ, Siddharth A, Platzer K, Oppermann H, Smitka M, Collins F, Lek M, Shahrooei M, Ghavideldarestani M, Herman I, Rendu J, Faure J, Baker J, Bhambhani V, Calderwood L, Akhondian J, Imannezhad S, Mirzadeh HS, Hashemi N, Doosti M, Safi M, Ahangari N, Torbati PN, Abedini S, Salpietro V, Gulec EY, Eshaghian S, Ghazavi M, Pascher MT, Vogel M, Abicht A, Moutton S, Bruel AL, Rieubland C, Gallati S, Strom TM, Lochmüller H, Mohammadi MH, Alvi JR, Zackai EH, Keena BA, Skraban CM, Berger SI, Andrew EH, Rahimian E, Morrow MM, Wentzensen IM, Millan F, Henderson LB, Dafsari HS, Jungbluth H, Gomez-Ospina N, McRae A, Peter M, Veltra D, Marinakis NM, Sofocleous C, Ashrafzadeh F, Pehlivan D, Lemke JR, Melki J, Benezit A, Bauer P, Weis D, Lupski JR, Senderek J, Christodoulou J, Chung WK, Goodchild R, Offiah AC, Moreno-De-Luca A, Suri M, Ebrahimi-Fakhari D, Houlden H, Maroofian R
Brain 2023 Aug 1;146(8):3273-3288. doi: 10.1093/brain/awad039. PMID: 36757831Free PMC Article
Bayat A, de Valles-Ibáñez G, Pendziwiat M, Knaus A, Alt K, Biamino E, Bley A, Calvert S, Carney P, Caro-Llopis A, Ceulemans B, Cousin J, Davis S, des Portes V, Edery P, England E, Ferreira C, Freeman J, Gener B, Gorce M, Heron D, Hildebrand MS, Jezela-Stanek A, Jouk PS, Keren B, Kloth K, Kluger G, Kuhn M, Lemke JR, Li H, Martinez F, Maxton C, Mefford HC, Merla G, Mierzewska H, Muir A, Monfort S, Nicolai J, Norman J, O'Grady G, Oleksy B, Orellana C, Orec LE, Peinhardt C, Pronicka E, Rosello M, Santos-Simarro F, Schwaibold EMC, Stegmann APA, Stumpel CT, Szczepanik E, Terczyńska I, Thevenon J, Tzschach A, Van Bogaert P, Vittorini R, Walsh S, Weckhuysen S, Weissman B, Wolfe L, Reymond A, De Nittis P, Poduri A, Olson H, Striano P, Lesca G, Scheffer IE, Møller RS, Sadleir LG
Epilepsia 2022 Apr;63(4):974-991. Epub 2022 Feb 18 doi: 10.1111/epi.17173. PMID: 35179230
Morlino S, Nardella G, Castellana S, Micale L, Copetti M, Fusco C, Castori M
Am J Med Genet A 2021 Mar;185(3):955-965. Epub 2020 Dec 27 doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.62047. PMID: 33369135
de Ligt J, Willemsen MH, van Bon BW, Kleefstra T, Yntema HG, Kroes T, Vulto-van Silfhout AT, Koolen DA, de Vries P, Gilissen C, del Rosario M, Hoischen A, Scheffer H, de Vries BB, Brunner HG, Veltman JA, Vissers LE
N Engl J Med 2012 Nov 15;367(20):1921-9. Epub 2012 Oct 3 doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1206524. PMID: 23033978

Recent systematic reviews

Kiaee F, Zaki-Dizaji M, Hafezi N, Almasi-Hashiani A, Hamedifar H, Sabzevari A, Shirkani A, Zian Z, Jadidi-Niaragh F, Aghamahdi F, Goudarzvand M, Yazdani R, Abolhassani H, Aghamohammadi A, Azizi G
Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets 2021;21(4):664-672. doi: 10.2174/1871530320666200613204426. PMID: 32533820

Supplemental Content

Table of contents

    Clinical resources

    Practice guidelines

    • PubMed
      See practice and clinical guidelines in PubMed. The search results may include broader topics and may not capture all published guidelines. See the FAQ for details.

    Recent activity

    Your browsing activity is empty.

    Activity recording is turned off.

    Turn recording back on

    See more...