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Intellectual disability, autosomal recessive 14(MRT14)

MedGen UID:
462812
Concept ID:
C3151462
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
Synonyms: INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDER, AUTOSOMAL RECESSIVE 14; MRT14
 
Gene (location): TECR (19p13.12)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0013528
OMIM®: 614020

Definition

Autosomal recessive intellectual developmental disorder-14 (MRT14) is characterized by developmental delay from birth with mild to moderate impairment of intellectual development. There are no dysmorphic features, and growth parameters and neurologic findings are normal. [from OMIM]

Clinical features

From HPO
Delayed speech and language development
MedGen UID:
105318
Concept ID:
C0454644
Finding
A degree of language development that is significantly below the norm for a child of a specified age.
Intellectual disability
MedGen UID:
811461
Concept ID:
C3714756
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
Intellectual disability, previously referred to as mental retardation, is characterized by subnormal intellectual functioning that occurs during the developmental period. It is defined by an IQ score below 70.
Intention tremor
MedGen UID:
1642960
Concept ID:
C4551520
Sign or Symptom
A type of kinetic tremor that occurs during target directed movement is called intention tremor. That is, an oscillatory cerebellar ataxia that tends to be absent when the limbs are inactive and during the first part of voluntary movement but worsening as the movement continues and greater precision is required (e.g., in touching a target such as the patient's nose or a physician's finger).
Narrow palate
MedGen UID:
278045
Concept ID:
C1398312
Finding
Width of the palate more than 2 SD below the mean (objective) or apparently decreased palatal width (subjective).

Professional guidelines

PubMed

D'Onofrio G, Accogli A, Severino M, Caliskan H, Kokotović T, Blazekovic A, Jercic KG, Markovic S, Zigman T, Goran K, Barišić N, Duranovic V, Ban A, Borovecki F, Ramadža DP, Barić I, Fazeli W, Herkenrath P, Marini C, Vittorini R, Gowda V, Bouman A, Rocca C, Alkhawaja IA, Murtaza BN, Rehman MMU, Al Alam C, Nader G, Mancardi MM, Giacomini T, Srivastava S, Alvi JR, Tomoum H, Matricardi S, Iacomino M, Riva A, Scala M, Madia F, Pistorio A, Salpietro V, Minetti C, Rivière JB, Srour M, Efthymiou S, Maroofian R, Houlden H, Vernes SC, Zara F, Striano P, Nagy V
Hum Genet 2023 Jul;142(7):909-925. Epub 2023 May 14 doi: 10.1007/s00439-023-02552-2. PMID: 37183190Free PMC Article
van Gassen KL, van der Heijden CD, de Bot ST, den Dunnen WF, van den Berg LH, Verschuuren-Bemelmans CC, Kremer HP, Veldink JH, Kamsteeg EJ, Scheffer H, van de Warrenburg BP
Brain 2012 Oct;135(Pt 10):2994-3004. Epub 2012 Sep 10 doi: 10.1093/brain/aws224. PMID: 22964162
Matern D, He M, Berry SA, Rinaldo P, Whitley CB, Madsen PP, van Calcar SC, Lussky RC, Andresen BS, Wolff JA, Vockley J
Pediatrics 2003 Jul;112(1 Pt 1):74-8. doi: 10.1542/peds.112.1.74. PMID: 12837870

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Sandal S, Verma IC, Mahay SB, Dubey S, Sabharwal RK, Kulshrestha S, Saxena R, Suman P, Kumar P, Puri RD
Indian J Pediatr 2024 Jul;91(7):682-695. Epub 2023 Oct 7 doi: 10.1007/s12098-023-04820-5. PMID: 37804371
Tong S, Ventola P, Frater CH, Klotz J, Phillips JM, Muppidi S, Dwight SS, Mueller WF, Beahm BJ, Wilsey M, Lee KJ
Hum Mol Genet 2023 Sep 5;32(18):2787-2796. doi: 10.1093/hmg/ddad106. PMID: 37379343Free PMC Article
Yunisova G, Tufekcioglu Z, Dogu O, Bilgic B, Kaleagasi H, Akca Kalem S, Lohmann E, Gurvit HI, Emre M, Hanagasi HA
Neurodegener Dis 2019;19(5-6):218-224. Epub 2020 Apr 29 doi: 10.1159/000506770. PMID: 32349000
Chrzanowska KH, Gregorek H, Dembowska-Bagińska B, Kalina MA, Digweed M
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2012 Feb 28;7:13. doi: 10.1186/1750-1172-7-13. PMID: 22373003Free PMC Article
Smalley SL
Psychiatr Clin North Am 1991 Mar;14(1):125-39. PMID: 2047327

Diagnosis

Sandal S, Verma IC, Mahay SB, Dubey S, Sabharwal RK, Kulshrestha S, Saxena R, Suman P, Kumar P, Puri RD
Indian J Pediatr 2024 Jul;91(7):682-695. Epub 2023 Oct 7 doi: 10.1007/s12098-023-04820-5. PMID: 37804371
Nagarajan B, Gowda VK, Yoganathan S, Sharawat IK, Srivastava K, Vora N, Badheka R, Danda S, Kalane U, Kaur A, Madaan P, Mehta S, Negi S, Panda PK, Rajadhyaksha S, Saini AG, Saini L, Shah S, Srinivasan VM, Suthar R, Thomas M, Vyas S, Sankhyan N, Sahu JK
Epilepsia Open 2023 Dec;8(4):1383-1404. Epub 2023 Aug 25 doi: 10.1002/epi4.12811. PMID: 37583270Free PMC Article
Reuter MS, Tawamie H, Buchert R, Hosny Gebril O, Froukh T, Thiel C, Uebe S, Ekici AB, Krumbiegel M, Zweier C, Hoyer J, Eberlein K, Bauer J, Scheller U, Strom TM, Hoffjan S, Abdelraouf ER, Meguid NA, Abboud A, Al Khateeb MA, Fakher M, Hamdan S, Ismael A, Muhammad S, Abdallah E, Sticht H, Wieczorek D, Reis A, Abou Jamra R
JAMA Psychiatry 2017 Mar 1;74(3):293-299. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2016.3798. PMID: 28097321
Chrzanowska KH, Gregorek H, Dembowska-Bagińska B, Kalina MA, Digweed M
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2012 Feb 28;7:13. doi: 10.1186/1750-1172-7-13. PMID: 22373003Free PMC Article
Hoffmann K, Heller R
Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 2011 Feb;25(1):77-100. doi: 10.1016/j.beem.2010.09.004. PMID: 21396576

Therapy

Yunisova G, Tufekcioglu Z, Dogu O, Bilgic B, Kaleagasi H, Akca Kalem S, Lohmann E, Gurvit HI, Emre M, Hanagasi HA
Neurodegener Dis 2019;19(5-6):218-224. Epub 2020 Apr 29 doi: 10.1159/000506770. PMID: 32349000
Burke EA, Frucht SJ, Thompson K, Wolfe LA, Yokoyama T, Bertoni M, Huang Y, Sincan M, Adams DR, Taylor RW, Gahl WA, Toro C, Malicdan MCV
Clin Genet 2018 Mar;93(3):712-718. Epub 2018 Feb 5 doi: 10.1111/cge.13172. PMID: 29120065Free PMC Article
Desai V, Donsante A, Swoboda KJ, Martensen M, Thompson J, Kaler SG
Clin Genet 2011 Feb;79(2):176-82. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-0004.2010.01451.x. PMID: 20497190Free PMC Article
Matern D, He M, Berry SA, Rinaldo P, Whitley CB, Madsen PP, van Calcar SC, Lussky RC, Andresen BS, Wolff JA, Vockley J
Pediatrics 2003 Jul;112(1 Pt 1):74-8. doi: 10.1542/peds.112.1.74. PMID: 12837870
Ruzicka T, Goerz G, Anton-Lamprecht I
Dermatologica 1981;162(2):124-36. doi: 10.1159/000250259. PMID: 7250456

Prognosis

Tong S, Ventola P, Frater CH, Klotz J, Phillips JM, Muppidi S, Dwight SS, Mueller WF, Beahm BJ, Wilsey M, Lee KJ
Hum Mol Genet 2023 Sep 5;32(18):2787-2796. doi: 10.1093/hmg/ddad106. PMID: 37379343Free PMC Article
Amin M, Vignal C, Eltaraifee E, Mohammed IN, Hamed AAA, Elseed MA, Babai A, Elbadi I, Mustafa D, Abubaker R, Mustafa M, Drunat S, Elsayed LEO, Ahmed AE, Boespflug-Tanguy O, Dorboz I
BMC Med Genomics 2022 Nov 8;15(1):236. doi: 10.1186/s12920-022-01354-1. PMID: 36348459Free PMC Article
Bayat A, de Valles-Ibáñez G, Pendziwiat M, Knaus A, Alt K, Biamino E, Bley A, Calvert S, Carney P, Caro-Llopis A, Ceulemans B, Cousin J, Davis S, des Portes V, Edery P, England E, Ferreira C, Freeman J, Gener B, Gorce M, Heron D, Hildebrand MS, Jezela-Stanek A, Jouk PS, Keren B, Kloth K, Kluger G, Kuhn M, Lemke JR, Li H, Martinez F, Maxton C, Mefford HC, Merla G, Mierzewska H, Muir A, Monfort S, Nicolai J, Norman J, O'Grady G, Oleksy B, Orellana C, Orec LE, Peinhardt C, Pronicka E, Rosello M, Santos-Simarro F, Schwaibold EMC, Stegmann APA, Stumpel CT, Szczepanik E, Terczyńska I, Thevenon J, Tzschach A, Van Bogaert P, Vittorini R, Walsh S, Weckhuysen S, Weissman B, Wolfe L, Reymond A, De Nittis P, Poduri A, Olson H, Striano P, Lesca G, Scheffer IE, Møller RS, Sadleir LG
Epilepsia 2022 Apr;63(4):974-991. Epub 2022 Feb 18 doi: 10.1111/epi.17173. PMID: 35179230
Muzammal M, Ahmad S, Ali MZ, Khan MA
Ann Hum Genet 2021 Sep;85(5):147-154. Epub 2021 Apr 21 doi: 10.1111/ahg.12425. PMID: 33881165
Chrzanowska KH, Gregorek H, Dembowska-Bagińska B, Kalina MA, Digweed M
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2012 Feb 28;7:13. doi: 10.1186/1750-1172-7-13. PMID: 22373003Free PMC Article

Clinical prediction guides

Sandal S, Verma IC, Mahay SB, Dubey S, Sabharwal RK, Kulshrestha S, Saxena R, Suman P, Kumar P, Puri RD
Indian J Pediatr 2024 Jul;91(7):682-695. Epub 2023 Oct 7 doi: 10.1007/s12098-023-04820-5. PMID: 37804371
Nagarajan B, Gowda VK, Yoganathan S, Sharawat IK, Srivastava K, Vora N, Badheka R, Danda S, Kalane U, Kaur A, Madaan P, Mehta S, Negi S, Panda PK, Rajadhyaksha S, Saini AG, Saini L, Shah S, Srinivasan VM, Suthar R, Thomas M, Vyas S, Sankhyan N, Sahu JK
Epilepsia Open 2023 Dec;8(4):1383-1404. Epub 2023 Aug 25 doi: 10.1002/epi4.12811. PMID: 37583270Free PMC Article
Tong S, Ventola P, Frater CH, Klotz J, Phillips JM, Muppidi S, Dwight SS, Mueller WF, Beahm BJ, Wilsey M, Lee KJ
Hum Mol Genet 2023 Sep 5;32(18):2787-2796. doi: 10.1093/hmg/ddad106. PMID: 37379343Free PMC Article
Bayat A, de Valles-Ibáñez G, Pendziwiat M, Knaus A, Alt K, Biamino E, Bley A, Calvert S, Carney P, Caro-Llopis A, Ceulemans B, Cousin J, Davis S, des Portes V, Edery P, England E, Ferreira C, Freeman J, Gener B, Gorce M, Heron D, Hildebrand MS, Jezela-Stanek A, Jouk PS, Keren B, Kloth K, Kluger G, Kuhn M, Lemke JR, Li H, Martinez F, Maxton C, Mefford HC, Merla G, Mierzewska H, Muir A, Monfort S, Nicolai J, Norman J, O'Grady G, Oleksy B, Orellana C, Orec LE, Peinhardt C, Pronicka E, Rosello M, Santos-Simarro F, Schwaibold EMC, Stegmann APA, Stumpel CT, Szczepanik E, Terczyńska I, Thevenon J, Tzschach A, Van Bogaert P, Vittorini R, Walsh S, Weckhuysen S, Weissman B, Wolfe L, Reymond A, De Nittis P, Poduri A, Olson H, Striano P, Lesca G, Scheffer IE, Møller RS, Sadleir LG
Epilepsia 2022 Apr;63(4):974-991. Epub 2022 Feb 18 doi: 10.1111/epi.17173. PMID: 35179230
Muzammal M, Ahmad S, Ali MZ, Khan MA
Ann Hum Genet 2021 Sep;85(5):147-154. Epub 2021 Apr 21 doi: 10.1111/ahg.12425. PMID: 33881165

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