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Reactive Attachment Disorder of Infancy or Early Childhood

MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction


A condition in which the failure to establish healthy bonds with caregivers in early childhood leads to lifelong impairment of social interactions. [from NCI]

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • CROGVReactive Attachment Disorder of Infancy or Early Childhood

Professional guidelines


Morgan C, Fetters L, Adde L, Badawi N, Bancale A, Boyd RN, Chorna O, Cioni G, Damiano DL, Darrah J, de Vries LS, Dusing S, Einspieler C, Eliasson AC, Ferriero D, Fehlings D, Forssberg H, Gordon AM, Greaves S, Guzzetta A, Hadders-Algra M, Harbourne R, Karlsson P, Krumlinde-Sundholm L, Latal B, Loughran-Fowlds A, Mak C, Maitre N, McIntyre S, Mei C, Morgan A, Kakooza-Mwesige A, Romeo DM, Sanchez K, Spittle A, Shepherd R, Thornton M, Valentine J, Ward R, Whittingham K, Zamany A, Novak I
JAMA Pediatr 2021 Aug 1;175(8):846-858. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0878. PMID: 33999106Free PMC Article
Butler MG, Miller JL, Forster JL
Curr Pediatr Rev 2019;15(4):207-244. doi: 10.2174/1573396315666190716120925. PMID: 31333129Free PMC Article
Styne DM, Arslanian SA, Connor EL, Farooqi IS, Murad MH, Silverstein JH, Yanovski JA
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2017 Mar 1;102(3):709-757. doi: 10.1210/jc.2016-2573. PMID: 28359099Free PMC Article

Recent clinical studies


Richters MM, Volkmar FR
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1994 Mar-Apr;33(3):328-32. doi: 10.1097/00004583-199403000-00005. PMID: 7513324

Supplemental Content

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    Practice guidelines

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