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Air trapping

MedGen UID:
534054
Concept ID:
C0231819
Finding
Synonyms: Air Trapping; Gas Trapping
SNOMED CT: Air trapping (76171001)
 
HPO: HP:0033663

Definition

Air trapping is retention of air in the lung distal to an obstruction (usually partial). Air trapping is seen on end-expiration CT scans as parenchymal areas with less than normal increase in attenuation and lack of volume reduction. Comparison between inspiratory and expiratory CT scans can be helpful when air trapping is subtle or diffuse. [from HPO]

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Scaramuzzo G, Ottaviani I, Volta CA, Spadaro S
Minerva Med 2022 Jun;113(3):460-470. doi: 10.23736/S0026-4806.22.07974-5. PMID: 35856181
Zatloukal J, Brat K, Neumannova K, Volakova E, Hejduk K, Kocova E, Kudela O, Kopecky M, Plutinsky M, Koblizek V
Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub 2020 Dec;164(4):325-356. doi: 10.5507/bp.2020.056. PMID: 33325455
Scichilone N, Battaglia S, Olivieri D, Bellia V
Allergy 2009 Nov;64(11):1563-9. Epub 2009 Aug 27 doi: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2009.02139.x. PMID: 19712119

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Tang M, Elicker BM, Henry T, Gierada DS, Schiebler ML, Huang BK, Peters MC, Castro M, Hoffman EA, Fain SB, Ash SY, Choi J, Hall C, Phillips BR, Mauger DT, Denlinger LC, Jarjour NN, Israel E, Phipatanakul W, Levy BD, Wenzel SE, Bleecker ER, Woodruff PG, Fahy JV, Dunican EM
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2022 May 1;205(9):1036-1045. doi: 10.1164/rccm.202110-2265OC. PMID: 35104436Free PMC Article
La Regina DP, Bloise S, Pepino D, Iovine E, Laudisa M, Cristiani L, Nicolai A, Nenna R, Mancino E, Di Mattia G, Petrarca L, Matera L, Frassanito A, Midulla F
Pediatr Pulmonol 2021 Jan;56(1):234-239. Epub 2020 Nov 24 doi: 10.1002/ppul.25156. PMID: 33151023
García-Clemente M, Enríquez-Rodríguez AI, Iscar-Urrutia M, Escobar-Mallada B, Arias-Guillén M, López-González FJ, Madrid-Carbajal C, Pérez-Martínez L, Gonzalez-Budiño T
J Asthma 2020 May;57(5):505-509. Epub 2019 Feb 20 doi: 10.1080/02770903.2019.1579832. PMID: 30784336
Lynch DA, Al-Qaisi MA
J Thorac Imaging 2013 Sep;28(5):284-90. doi: 10.1097/RTI.0b013e318298733c. PMID: 23748651Free PMC Article
Robinson TE
Curr Opin Pulm Med 2004 Nov;10(6):537-41. doi: 10.1097/01.mcp.0000142924.38801.45. PMID: 15510063

Diagnosis

Rodriguez K, Hariri LP, VanderLaan P, Abbott GF
Clin Chest Med 2024 Jun;45(2):475-488. Epub 2024 Apr 2 doi: 10.1016/j.ccm.2024.02.016. PMID: 38816101
Capaccione KM, Shetty A, Salvatore M
Clin Imaging 2023 Jul;99:5-9. Epub 2023 Mar 8 doi: 10.1016/j.clinimag.2023.02.015. PMID: 37031524
Biederer J
Br J Radiol 2023 Jun 1;96(1146):20220630. Epub 2023 Mar 3 doi: 10.1259/bjr.20220630. PMID: 36752590Free PMC Article
Churg A
Mod Pathol 2022 Jan;35(Suppl 1):15-27. Epub 2021 Sep 16 doi: 10.1038/s41379-021-00866-y. PMID: 34531525
García-Clemente M, Enríquez-Rodríguez AI, Iscar-Urrutia M, Escobar-Mallada B, Arias-Guillén M, López-González FJ, Madrid-Carbajal C, Pérez-Martínez L, Gonzalez-Budiño T
J Asthma 2020 May;57(5):505-509. Epub 2019 Feb 20 doi: 10.1080/02770903.2019.1579832. PMID: 30784336

Therapy

Osman A, Halling C, Crume M, Al Tabosh H, Odackal N, Ball MK
J Perinatol 2023 Oct;43(10):1211-1221. Epub 2023 Aug 5 doi: 10.1038/s41372-023-01708-2. PMID: 37543651
Barnes PJ
Int J Biochem Cell Biol 2019 Nov;116:105598. Epub 2019 Sep 6 doi: 10.1016/j.biocel.2019.105598. PMID: 31499176
Shah PL, Herth FJ, van Geffen WH, Deslee G, Slebos DJ
Lancet Respir Med 2017 Feb;5(2):147-156. Epub 2016 Sep 29 doi: 10.1016/S2213-2600(16)30221-1. PMID: 27693408
Barnes PJ, Burney PG, Silverman EK, Celli BR, Vestbo J, Wedzicha JA, Wouters EF
Nat Rev Dis Primers 2015 Dec 3;1:15076. doi: 10.1038/nrdp.2015.76. PMID: 27189863
Spahn JD, Covar RA, Jain N, Gleason M, Shimamoto R, Szefler SJ, Gelfand EW
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2006 Apr;96(4):541-9. doi: 10.1016/S1081-1206(10)63548-X. PMID: 16680924

Prognosis

Zhao N, Wu F, Peng J, Zheng Y, Tian H, Yang H, Deng Z, Wang Z, Li H, Wen X, Xiao S, Huang P, Dai C, Lu L, Zhou K, Chen S, Zhou Y, Ran P
Respir Res 2022 Oct 31;23(1):298. doi: 10.1186/s12931-022-02216-1. PMID: 36316732Free PMC Article
Tang M, Elicker BM, Henry T, Gierada DS, Schiebler ML, Huang BK, Peters MC, Castro M, Hoffman EA, Fain SB, Ash SY, Choi J, Hall C, Phillips BR, Mauger DT, Denlinger LC, Jarjour NN, Israel E, Phipatanakul W, Levy BD, Wenzel SE, Bleecker ER, Woodruff PG, Fahy JV, Dunican EM
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2022 May 1;205(9):1036-1045. doi: 10.1164/rccm.202110-2265OC. PMID: 35104436Free PMC Article
La Regina DP, Bloise S, Pepino D, Iovine E, Laudisa M, Cristiani L, Nicolai A, Nenna R, Mancino E, Di Mattia G, Petrarca L, Matera L, Frassanito A, Midulla F
Pediatr Pulmonol 2021 Jan;56(1):234-239. Epub 2020 Nov 24 doi: 10.1002/ppul.25156. PMID: 33151023
García-Clemente M, Enríquez-Rodríguez AI, Iscar-Urrutia M, Escobar-Mallada B, Arias-Guillén M, López-González FJ, Madrid-Carbajal C, Pérez-Martínez L, Gonzalez-Budiño T
J Asthma 2020 May;57(5):505-509. Epub 2019 Feb 20 doi: 10.1080/02770903.2019.1579832. PMID: 30784336
Barnes PJ, Burney PG, Silverman EK, Celli BR, Vestbo J, Wedzicha JA, Wouters EF
Nat Rev Dis Primers 2015 Dec 3;1:15076. doi: 10.1038/nrdp.2015.76. PMID: 27189863

Clinical prediction guides

Tang M, Elicker BM, Henry T, Gierada DS, Schiebler ML, Huang BK, Peters MC, Castro M, Hoffman EA, Fain SB, Ash SY, Choi J, Hall C, Phillips BR, Mauger DT, Denlinger LC, Jarjour NN, Israel E, Phipatanakul W, Levy BD, Wenzel SE, Bleecker ER, Woodruff PG, Fahy JV, Dunican EM
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2022 May 1;205(9):1036-1045. doi: 10.1164/rccm.202110-2265OC. PMID: 35104436Free PMC Article
La Regina DP, Bloise S, Pepino D, Iovine E, Laudisa M, Cristiani L, Nicolai A, Nenna R, Mancino E, Di Mattia G, Petrarca L, Matera L, Frassanito A, Midulla F
Pediatr Pulmonol 2021 Jan;56(1):234-239. Epub 2020 Nov 24 doi: 10.1002/ppul.25156. PMID: 33151023
Capron T, Bourdin A, Perez T, Chanez P
Eur Respir Rev 2019 Jun 30;28(152) Epub 2019 Jul 8 doi: 10.1183/16000617.0010-2019. PMID: 31285287Free PMC Article
Neder JA, O'Donnell DE
Can Respir J 2016;2016:6462352. Epub 2016 May 17 doi: 10.1155/2016/6462352. PMID: 27445557Free PMC Article
Flaim SF
Artif Cells Blood Substit Immobil Biotechnol 1994;22(4):1043-54. doi: 10.3109/10731199409138801. PMID: 7849908

Recent systematic reviews

Lee JJW, Philteos J, Levin M, Namavarian A, Propst EJ, Wolter NE
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2021 Sep 1;147(9):787-796. doi: 10.1001/jamaoto.2021.1548. PMID: 34264309Free PMC Article
Scheeren B, Gomes E, Alves G, Marchiori E, Hochhegger B
J Bras Pneumol 2017 Jul-Aug;43(4):313-318. doi: 10.1590/S1806-37562016000000273. PMID: 28767772Free PMC Article
Ricci JA
J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017 Jul;75(7):1519-1526. Epub 2017 Feb 21 doi: 10.1016/j.joms.2017.02.010. PMID: 28315298

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