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Autosomal dominant hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia

MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Disease or Syndrome
Synonym: Autosomal dominant hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia syndrome
SNOMED CT: Autosomal dominant hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia syndrome (7731005)
Modes of inheritance:
Autosomal dominant inheritance
MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Intellectual Product
Source: Orphanet
A mode of inheritance that is observed for traits related to a gene encoded on one of the autosomes (i.e., the human chromosomes 1-22) in which a trait manifests in heterozygotes. In the context of medical genetics, an autosomal dominant disorder is caused when a single copy of the mutant allele is present. Males and females are affected equally, and can both transmit the disorder with a risk of 50% for each child of inheriting the mutant allele.
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0015884
Orphanet: ORPHA1810


Some ectodermal dysplasias are here classified as congenital disorders characterized by abnormal development in 2 or more ectodermal structures (hair, nails, teeth, and sweat glands) without other systemic findings. Hypohidrotic, or anhidrotic, ectodermal dysplasia (HED/EDA) is characterized by a triad of signs comprising sparse hair (hypotrichosis), abnormal or missing teeth (anodontia or hypodontia), and inability to sweat (anhidrosis or hypohidrosis). Typical clinical manifestations also include dryness of the skin, eyes, airways, and mucous membranes presumably due to the defective development of several exocrine glands. Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia can be associated with dysmorphic features (forehead bumps, rings under the eyes, everted nose, and prominent lips) and occasionally with absent nipples (summary by Cluzeau et al., 2011). [from OMIM]

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • Autosomal dominant hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia

Professional guidelines


Güven Y, Bal E, Altunoglu U, Yücel E, Hadj-Rabia S, Koruyucu M, Bahar Tuna E, Çıldır Ş, Aktören O, Bodemer C, Uyguner ZO, Smahi A, Kayserili H
Cytogenet Genome Res 2019;157(4):189-196. Epub 2019 Apr 12 doi: 10.1159/000499325. PMID: 30974434
Petersheim D, Massaad MJ, Lee S, Scarselli A, Cancrini C, Moriya K, Sasahara Y, Lankester AC, Dorsey M, Di Giovanni D, Bezrodnik L, Ohnishi H, Nishikomori R, Tanita K, Kanegane H, Morio T, Gelfand EW, Jain A, Secord E, Picard C, Casanova JL, Albert MH, Torgerson TR, Geha RS
J Allergy Clin Immunol 2018 Mar;141(3):1060-1073.e3. Epub 2017 Jun 17 doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2017.05.030. PMID: 28629746Free PMC Article

Recent clinical studies

Clinical prediction guides

Lind LK, Stecksén-Blicks C, Lejon K, Schmitt-Egenolf M
BMC Med Genet 2006 Nov 24;7:80. doi: 10.1186/1471-2350-7-80. PMID: 17125505Free PMC Article

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