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Noise induced hearing loss

MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Injury or Poisoning
Synonyms: Hearing Loss, Noise Induced; Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced; Noise-Induced Hearing Loss
SNOMED CT: Noise-induced hearing loss (73415002); NIHL - Noise-induced hearing loss (73415002)
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0013098


Regular exposure to continuous noise or an exposure to a single acoustic overstimulation can lead to noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Millions of people worldwide are exposed daily to harmful levels of noise, making NIHL a likely widespread occupational health hazard. NIHL is a complex disease resulting from an interaction between genetic and environmental factors and is highly variable between individuals (Konings et al., 2009). [from OMIM]

Term Hierarchy

Professional guidelines


Kil J, Harruff EE, Longenecker RJ
Hear Res 2022 Jan;413:108209. Epub 2021 Feb 19 doi: 10.1016/j.heares.2021.108209. PMID: 33678494
Mirza R, Kirchner DB, Dobie RA, Crawford J; ACOEM Task Force on Occupational Hearing Loss
J Occup Environ Med 2018 Sep;60(9):e498-e501. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001423. PMID: 30095587
Le TN, Straatman LV, Lea J, Westerberg B
J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2017 May 23;46(1):41. doi: 10.1186/s40463-017-0219-x. PMID: 28535812Free PMC Article

Recent systematic reviews

Mistry D, Ahmed U, Aujla R, Aslam N, D'Alessandro P, Malik S
Bone Joint J 2023 Jun 1;105-B(6):602-609. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.105B6.BJJ-2022-0921.R1. PMID: 37257856
Ahmed MM, Allard RJ, Esquivel CR
Mil Med 2022 May 3;187(5-6):e661-e666. doi: 10.1093/milmed/usaa579. PMID: 33428745
Tikka C, Verbeek JH, Kateman E, Morata TC, Dreschler WA, Ferrite S
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2017 Jul 7;7(7):CD006396. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006396.pub4. PMID: 28685503Free PMC Article
de Jong MA, Adelman C, Gross M
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Jun;274(6):2367-2372. Epub 2017 Feb 14 doi: 10.1007/s00405-017-4452-8. PMID: 28197707
Lie A, Skogstad M, Johannessen HA, Tynes T, Mehlum IS, Nordby KC, Engdahl B, Tambs K
Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2016 Apr;89(3):351-72. Epub 2015 Aug 7 doi: 10.1007/s00420-015-1083-5. PMID: 26249711Free PMC Article

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