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Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis

MedGen UID:
6158
Concept ID:
C0024291
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytoses; Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis; Lymphohistiocytoses, Hemophagocytic; Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic
SNOMED CT: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (234437005); Hemophagocytic syndrome (234437005); Hyperinflammatory lymphohistiocytosis (234437005)

Definition

A rare but potentially life-threatening disorder characterized by the proliferation of histiocytes and macrophages and phagocytosis of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. It may be inherited or secondary, due to infections, autoimmune disorders, or underlying malignancies. Signs and symptoms include fever, lymphadenopathy, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, and pancytopenia. [from NCI]

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Tayal A, Kabra SK, Lodha R
Indian J Pediatr 2023 Feb;90(2):168-177. Epub 2022 Dec 27 doi: 10.1007/s12098-022-04394-8. PMID: 36574088Free PMC Article
Brudno JN, Kochenderfer JN
Blood Rev 2019 Mar;34:45-55. Epub 2018 Nov 14 doi: 10.1016/j.blre.2018.11.002. PMID: 30528964Free PMC Article
Henter JI, Horne A, Aricó M, Egeler RM, Filipovich AH, Imashuku S, Ladisch S, McClain K, Webb D, Winiarski J, Janka G
Pediatr Blood Cancer 2007 Feb;48(2):124-31. doi: 10.1002/pbc.21039. PMID: 16937360

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Imashuku S, Morimoto A, Ishii E
Acta Paediatr 2021 Oct;110(10):2729-2736. Epub 2021 Jun 22 doi: 10.1111/apa.15973. PMID: 34096649
Knaak C, Nyvlt P, Schuster FS, Spies C, Heeren P, Schenk T, Balzer F, La Rosée P, Janka G, Brunkhorst FM, Keh D, Lachmann G
Crit Care 2020 May 24;24(1):244. doi: 10.1186/s13054-020-02941-3. PMID: 32448380Free PMC Article
Henderson LA, Cron RQ
Paediatr Drugs 2020 Feb;22(1):29-44. doi: 10.1007/s40272-019-00367-1. PMID: 31732958Free PMC Article
Skinner J, Yankey B, Shelton BK
AACN Adv Crit Care 2019 Summer;30(2):151-164. doi: 10.4037/aacnacc2019463. PMID: 31151946
Jordan MB, Allen CE, Weitzman S, Filipovich AH, McClain KL
Blood 2011 Oct 13;118(15):4041-52. Epub 2011 Aug 9 doi: 10.1182/blood-2011-03-278127. PMID: 21828139Free PMC Article

Diagnosis

Chinnici A, Beneforti L, Pegoraro F, Trambusti I, Tondo A, Favre C, Coniglio ML, Sieni E
Front Immunol 2023;14:1210041. Epub 2023 Jun 22 doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2023.1210041. PMID: 37426667Free PMC Article
Ponnatt TS, Lilley CM, Mirza KM
Arch Pathol Lab Med 2022 Apr 1;146(4):507-519. doi: 10.5858/arpa.2020-0802-RA. PMID: 34347856
Griffin G, Shenoi S, Hughes GC
Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol 2020 Aug;34(4):101515. Epub 2020 May 7 doi: 10.1016/j.berh.2020.101515. PMID: 32387063
Jordan MB, Allen CE, Weitzman S, Filipovich AH, McClain KL
Blood 2011 Oct 13;118(15):4041-52. Epub 2011 Aug 9 doi: 10.1182/blood-2011-03-278127. PMID: 21828139Free PMC Article
Henter JI, Horne A, Aricó M, Egeler RM, Filipovich AH, Imashuku S, Ladisch S, McClain K, Webb D, Winiarski J, Janka G
Pediatr Blood Cancer 2007 Feb;48(2):124-31. doi: 10.1002/pbc.21039. PMID: 16937360

Therapy

Summerlin J, Wells DA, Anderson MK, Halford Z
Ann Pharmacother 2023 Jul;57(7):867-879. Epub 2022 Nov 9 doi: 10.1177/10600280221134719. PMID: 36349896
Jesudas R, Nichols KE
Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol 2022 Dec 1;22(6):364-370. Epub 2022 Sep 28 doi: 10.1097/ACI.0000000000000865. PMID: 36206094
Keenan C, Nichols KE, Albeituni S
Front Immunol 2021;12:614704. Epub 2021 Feb 16 doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2021.614704. PMID: 33664745Free PMC Article
Locatelli F, Jordan MB, Allen C, Cesaro S, Rizzari C, Rao A, Degar B, Garrington TP, Sevilla J, Putti MC, Fagioli F, Ahlmann M, Dapena Diaz JL, Henry M, De Benedetti F, Grom A, Lapeyre G, Jacqmin P, Ballabio M, de Min C
N Engl J Med 2020 May 7;382(19):1811-1822. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1911326. PMID: 32374962
Jordan MB, Allen CE, Greenberg J, Henry M, Hermiston ML, Kumar A, Hines M, Eckstein O, Ladisch S, Nichols KE, Rodriguez-Galindo C, Wistinghausen B, McClain KL
Pediatr Blood Cancer 2019 Nov;66(11):e27929. Epub 2019 Jul 24 doi: 10.1002/pbc.27929. PMID: 31339233Free PMC Article

Prognosis

Zoref-Lorenz A, Murakami J, Hofstetter L, Iyer S, Alotaibi AS, Mohamed SF, Miller PG, Guber E, Weinstein S, Yacobovich J, Nikiforow S, Ebert BL, Lane A, Pasvolsky O, Raanani P, Nagler A, Berliner N, Daver N, Ellis M, Jordan MB
Blood 2022 Feb 17;139(7):1098-1110. doi: 10.1182/blood.2021012764. PMID: 34780598Free PMC Article
Bami S, Vagrecha A, Soberman D, Badawi M, Cannone D, Lipton JM, Cron RQ, Levy CF
Pediatr Blood Cancer 2020 Nov;67(11):e28581. Epub 2020 Jul 29 doi: 10.1002/pbc.28581. PMID: 32725881
McLean J, Katebian R, Suh E, Mirza K, Amin S
Neoreviews 2019 Jun;20(6):e316-e325. doi: 10.1542/neo.20-6-e316. PMID: 31261095
Ramos-Casals M, Brito-Zerón P, López-Guillermo A, Khamashta MA, Bosch X
Lancet 2014 Apr 26;383(9927):1503-1516. Epub 2013 Nov 27 doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)61048-X. PMID: 24290661
Henter JI, Samuelsson-Horne A, Aricò M, Egeler RM, Elinder G, Filipovich AH, Gadner H, Imashuku S, Komp D, Ladisch S, Webb D, Janka G; Histocyte Society
Blood 2002 Oct 1;100(7):2367-73. doi: 10.1182/blood-2002-01-0172. PMID: 12239144

Clinical prediction guides

Chaturvedi V, Marsh RA, Zoref-Lorenz A, Owsley E, Chaturvedi V, Nguyen TC, Goldman JR, Henry MM, Greenberg JN, Ladisch S, Hermiston ML, Jeng M, Naqvi A, Allen CE, Wong HR, Jordan MB
Blood 2021 Apr 29;137(17):2337-2346. doi: 10.1182/blood.2020009499. PMID: 33512385Free PMC Article
Locatelli F, Jordan MB, Allen C, Cesaro S, Rizzari C, Rao A, Degar B, Garrington TP, Sevilla J, Putti MC, Fagioli F, Ahlmann M, Dapena Diaz JL, Henry M, De Benedetti F, Grom A, Lapeyre G, Jacqmin P, Ballabio M, de Min C
N Engl J Med 2020 May 7;382(19):1811-1822. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1911326. PMID: 32374962
Kernan KF, Carcillo JA
Int Immunol 2017 Nov 1;29(9):401-409. doi: 10.1093/intimm/dxx031. PMID: 28541437Free PMC Article
Siddall E, Khatri M, Radhakrishnan J
Kidney Int 2017 Jul;92(1):37-46. Epub 2017 Mar 17 doi: 10.1016/j.kint.2016.11.029. PMID: 28318633
Fardet L, Galicier L, Lambotte O, Marzac C, Aumont C, Chahwan D, Coppo P, Hejblum G
Arthritis Rheumatol 2014 Sep;66(9):2613-20. doi: 10.1002/art.38690. PMID: 24782338

Recent systematic reviews

Shakoory B, Geerlinks A, Wilejto M, Kernan K, Hines M, Romano M, Piskin D, Ravelli A, Sinha R, Aletaha D, Allen C, Bassiri H, Behrens EM, Carcillo J, Carl L, Chatham W, Cohen JI, Cron RQ, Drewniak E, Grom AA, Henderson LA, Horne A, Jordan MB, Nichols KE, Schulert G, Vastert S, Demirkaya E, Goldbach-Mansky R, de Benedetti F, Marsh RA, Canna SW; HLH/MAS task force
Ann Rheum Dis 2023 Oct;82(10):1271-1285. Epub 2023 Jul 24 doi: 10.1136/ard-2023-224123. PMID: 37487610Free PMC Article
Shakoory B, Geerlinks A, Wilejto M, Kernan K, Hines M, Romano M, Piskin D, Ravelli A, Sinha R, Aletaha D, Allen C, Bassiri H, Behrens EM, Carcillo J, Carl L, Chatham W, Cohen JI, Cron RQ, Drewniak E, Grom AA, Henderson LA, Horne A, Jordan MB, Nichols KE, Schulert G, Vastert S, Demirkaya E, Goldbach-Mansky R, de Benedetti F, Marsh RA, Canna SW
Arthritis Rheumatol 2023 Oct;75(10):1714-1732. Epub 2023 Jul 24 doi: 10.1002/art.42636. PMID: 37486733Free PMC Article
Liu LL, Skribek M, Harmenberg U, Gerling M
J Immunother Cancer 2023 Mar;11(3) doi: 10.1136/jitc-2022-005841. PMID: 36878533Free PMC Article
Zhang M, Wang H, Tang J, He Y, Xiong T, Li W, Qu Y, Mu D
BMC Pediatr 2021 Mar 15;21(1):127. doi: 10.1186/s12887-021-02599-y. PMID: 33722228Free PMC Article
Hayden A, Park S, Giustini D, Lee AY, Chen LY
Blood Rev 2016 Nov;30(6):411-420. Epub 2016 May 20 doi: 10.1016/j.blre.2016.05.001. PMID: 27238576

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