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Hordeolum

MedGen UID:
6884
Concept ID:
C0019917
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: Hordeola; Hordeolas; Stye; Styes
SNOMED CT: Hordeolum (397513003); Stye (1489008); Sty (1489008)
 
HPO: HP:0010606
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0005800

Definition

An acute purulent infection of the sebaceous glands of Zeis at the base of the eyelashes, of the apocrine sweat glands of Moll or the meibomian sebacious glands often caused by staphylococcus infections. Hordeola can either occur as Hordeola externa affecting the sebaceous glands of Zeis or the apocrine sweat glands of Moll or as Hordeola interna affecting the meibomian sebacious glands. In contrast to chalazia, hordeola are extremely painful and can cause extreme local swelling. [from HPO]

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Shimizu Y, Shinji K, Mitoma K, Kiuchi Y, Chikama T
Jpn J Ophthalmol 2023 Sep;67(5):565-569. Epub 2023 Jul 16 doi: 10.1007/s10384-023-01010-w. PMID: 37453929
Koriat Y, Saveliev N, Koriat A, Heller D
Int Ophthalmol 2022 Sep;42(9):2741-2748. Epub 2022 Apr 2 doi: 10.1007/s10792-022-02263-z. PMID: 35366137Free PMC Article
Carlisle RT, Digiovanni J
Am Fam Physician 2015 Jul 15;92(2):106-12. PMID: 26176369

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Alsoudi AF, Ton L, Ashraf DC, Idowu OO, Kong AW, Wang L, Kersten RC, Winn BJ, Grob SR, Vagefi MR
Eye Contact Lens 2022 Apr 1;48(4):162-168. doi: 10.1097/ICL.0000000000000859. PMID: 35296627Free PMC Article
Jun SY, Choi YJ, Lee BR, Lee SU, Kim SC
Sci Rep 2021 Nov 1;11(1):21398. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-00599-7. PMID: 34725365Free PMC Article
Cheng K, Law A, Guo M, Wieland LS, Shen X, Lao L
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2017 Feb 9;2(2):CD011075. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD011075.pub2. PMID: 28181687Free PMC Article
Lindsley K, Nichols JJ, Dickersin K
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2013 Apr 30;4(4):CD007742. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007742.pub3. PMID: 23633345Free PMC Article
Lindsley K, Nichols JJ, Dickersin K
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2010 Sep 8;(9):CD007742. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007742.pub2. PMID: 20824865Free PMC Article

Diagnosis

Kim ES, Afshin EE, Elahi E
Surv Ophthalmol 2023 Jul-Aug;68(4):784-793. Epub 2022 Nov 15 doi: 10.1016/j.survophthal.2022.11.002. PMID: 36395826
Cheng K, Law A, Guo M, Wieland LS, Shen X, Lao L
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2017 Feb 9;2(2):CD011075. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD011075.pub2. PMID: 28181687Free PMC Article
Carlisle RT, Digiovanni J
Am Fam Physician 2015 Jul 15;92(2):106-12. PMID: 26176369
Lindsley K, Nichols JJ, Dickersin K
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2013 Apr 30;4(4):CD007742. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007742.pub3. PMID: 23633345Free PMC Article
Raskin EM, Speaker MG, Laibson PR
Infect Dis Clin North Am 1992 Dec;6(4):777-87. PMID: 1460262

Therapy

Rupani SR
JAAPA 2023 Jun 1;36(6):43-44. doi: 10.1097/01.JAA.0000931468.68794.aa. PMID: 37229584
McGinley TC Jr
FP Essent 2022 Aug;519:11-18. PMID: 35947131
Cheng K, Law A, Guo M, Wieland LS, Shen X, Lao L
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2017 Feb 9;2(2):CD011075. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD011075.pub2. PMID: 28181687Free PMC Article
Lindsley K, Nichols JJ, Dickersin K
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2013 Apr 30;4(4):CD007742. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007742.pub3. PMID: 23633345Free PMC Article
Mueller JB, McStay CM
Emerg Med Clin North Am 2008 Feb;26(1):57-72, vi. doi: 10.1016/j.emc.2007.10.004. PMID: 18249257

Prognosis

Chen DA, Tran AQ, Dinkin MJ, Lelli GJ
Telemed J E Health 2022 Jun;28(6):798-805. Epub 2021 Oct 4 doi: 10.1089/tmj.2021.0392. PMID: 34609934
Moriya K, Shimizu H, Handa S, Sasaki T, Sasaki Y, Takahashi H, Nakamura S, Yoshida H, Kato Y
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2017 Jun;44(6):501-506. PMID: 28698442
Rodríguez-García A, González-Godínez S, López-Rubio S
Eye (Lond) 2016 Mar;30(3):438-46. Epub 2015 Dec 4 doi: 10.1038/eye.2015.249. PMID: 26634709Free PMC Article
Mueller JB, McStay CM
Emerg Med Clin North Am 2008 Feb;26(1):57-72, vi. doi: 10.1016/j.emc.2007.10.004. PMID: 18249257
Brun SC, Jakobiec FA
Int Ophthalmol Clin 1997 Fall;37(4):25-38. doi: 10.1097/00004397-199703740-00004. PMID: 9429930

Clinical prediction guides

Weller JM, Messmer E
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2022 Jul;239(7):886-893. Epub 2022 Jul 20 doi: 10.1055/a-1709-6152. PMID: 35858598
Cheng K, Law A, Guo M, Wieland LS, Shen X, Lao L
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2017 Feb 9;2(2):CD011075. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD011075.pub2. PMID: 28181687Free PMC Article
Lindsley K, Nichols JJ, Dickersin K
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2017 Jan 9;1(1):CD007742. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007742.pub4. PMID: 28068454Free PMC Article
Lindsley K, Nichols JJ, Dickersin K
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2013 Apr 30;4(4):CD007742. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007742.pub3. PMID: 23633345Free PMC Article
Lindsley K, Nichols JJ, Dickersin K
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2010 Sep 8;(9):CD007742. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007742.pub2. PMID: 20824865Free PMC Article

Recent systematic reviews

Cheng K, Law A, Guo M, Wieland LS, Shen X, Lao L
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2017 Feb 9;2(2):CD011075. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD011075.pub2. PMID: 28181687Free PMC Article
Lindsley K, Nichols JJ, Dickersin K
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2017 Jan 9;1(1):CD007742. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007742.pub4. PMID: 28068454Free PMC Article
Lindsley K, Nichols JJ, Dickersin K
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2013 Apr 30;4(4):CD007742. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007742.pub3. PMID: 23633345Free PMC Article
Lindsley K, Nichols JJ, Dickersin K
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2010 Sep 8;(9):CD007742. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007742.pub2. PMID: 20824865Free PMC Article

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