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Postpartum fever

MedGen UID:
730326
Concept ID:
C1331543
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: Childbed fever; Postpartum Pyrexia; Puerperal fever; Puerperal pyrexia
SNOMED CT: Puerperal pyrexia (237348005); Postpartum fever (248451004); Puerperal fever (2858002); Childbed fever (2858002)

Definition

A sustained temperature of 38C (100.4F) or greater beyond the first 24 hours following birth, or a temperature of 39C (102.2F) within the first 24 hours following birth. (adapted from ACOG) [from NCI]

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • CROGVPostpartum fever

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Oda T, Mitsuda N, Miyakoshi K, Makino S, Ishii K, Kurasawa K, Kubo T, Shimoya K, Ikeda T, Kanayama N
J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2023 Jan;49(1):68-74. Epub 2022 Oct 4 doi: 10.1111/jog.15450. PMID: 36195467
Wang SS, Zhou X, Lin XG, Liu YY, Wu JL, Sharifu LM, Hu XL, Rong ZH, Liu W, Luo XP, Chen Z, Zeng WJ, Chen SH, Ma D, Chen L, Feng L
Curr Med Sci 2020 Apr;40(2):285-289. Epub 2020 Mar 26 doi: 10.1007/s11596-020-2174-4. PMID: 32219626Free PMC Article
Sentilhes L, Vayssière C, Beucher G, Deneux-Tharaux C, Deruelle P, Diemunsch P, Gallot D, Haumonté JB, Heimann S, Kayem G, Lopez E, Parant O, Schmitz T, Sellier Y, Rozenberg P, d'Ercole C
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2013 Sep;170(1):25-32. Epub 2013 Jun 28 doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2013.05.015. PMID: 23810846

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Melamed N, Berghella V, Ananth CV, Lipworth H, Yoon EW, Barrett J
Am J Obstet Gynecol 2023 Mar;228(3):326.e1-326.e13. Epub 2022 Sep 15 doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2022.09.018. PMID: 36116523
Harrison RK, Egede LE, Palatnik A
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 Apr;34(8):1215-1220. Epub 2019 Jun 19 doi: 10.1080/14767058.2019.1628944. PMID: 31167579Free PMC Article
Sentilhes L, Vayssière C, Beucher G, Deneux-Tharaux C, Deruelle P, Diemunsch P, Gallot D, Haumonté JB, Heimann S, Kayem G, Lopez E, Parant O, Schmitz T, Sellier Y, Rozenberg P, d'Ercole C
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2013 Sep;170(1):25-32. Epub 2013 Jun 28 doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2013.05.015. PMID: 23810846
Hannah ME, Ohlsson A, Farine D, Hewson SA, Hodnett ED, Myhr TL, Wang EE, Weston JA, Willan AR
N Engl J Med 1996 Apr 18;334(16):1005-10. doi: 10.1056/NEJM199604183341601. PMID: 8598837
Hamadeh G, Dedmon C, Mozley PD
Am Fam Physician 1995 Aug;52(2):531-8. PMID: 7625327

Diagnosis

McGlinn E, Parviz J, Pazderka P
Am J Emerg Med 2021 Oct;48:378.e3-378.e5. Epub 2021 Apr 19 doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2021.04.040. PMID: 33892941
Harrison RK, Egede LE, Palatnik A
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 Apr;34(8):1215-1220. Epub 2019 Jun 19 doi: 10.1080/14767058.2019.1628944. PMID: 31167579Free PMC Article
Chen S, Liao E, Cao D, Gao Y, Sun G, Shao Y
J Med Virol 2020 Sep;92(9):1556-1561. Epub 2020 Apr 10 doi: 10.1002/jmv.25789. PMID: 32222119Free PMC Article
Hamadeh G, Dedmon C, Mozley PD
Am Fam Physician 1995 Aug;52(2):531-8. PMID: 7625327
Cassell GH, Waites KB, Crouse DT
Clin Perinatol 1991 Jun;18(2):241-62. PMID: 1879107

Therapy

Melamed N, Berghella V, Ananth CV, Lipworth H, Yoon EW, Barrett J
Am J Obstet Gynecol 2023 Mar;228(3):326.e1-326.e13. Epub 2022 Sep 15 doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2022.09.018. PMID: 36116523
Bank TC, Nuss E, Subedi K, Hoffman MK, Sciscione A
Am J Obstet Gynecol 2022 Feb;226(2):255.e1-255.e7. Epub 2021 Aug 5 doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2021.07.020. PMID: 34363779Free PMC Article
McGlinn E, Parviz J, Pazderka P
Am J Emerg Med 2021 Oct;48:378.e3-378.e5. Epub 2021 Apr 19 doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2021.04.040. PMID: 33892941
Sentilhes L, Vayssière C, Beucher G, Deneux-Tharaux C, Deruelle P, Diemunsch P, Gallot D, Haumonté JB, Heimann S, Kayem G, Lopez E, Parant O, Schmitz T, Sellier Y, Rozenberg P, d'Ercole C
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2013 Sep;170(1):25-32. Epub 2013 Jun 28 doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2013.05.015. PMID: 23810846
Hannah ME, Ohlsson A, Farine D, Hewson SA, Hodnett ED, Myhr TL, Wang EE, Weston JA, Willan AR
N Engl J Med 1996 Apr 18;334(16):1005-10. doi: 10.1056/NEJM199604183341601. PMID: 8598837

Prognosis

Yuan J, Jin A, Shen J, Chen Y, Huang Q, Xiang H
Int J Nurs Pract 2024 Feb;30(1):e13188. Epub 2023 Sep 4 doi: 10.1111/ijn.13188. PMID: 37667558
Abu Shqara R, Bussidan S, Glikman D, Rechnitzer H, Lowenstein L, Frank Wolf M
Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2023 Jun;63(3):344-351. Epub 2022 Dec 4 doi: 10.1111/ajo.13630. PMID: 36464667
Gleason JL, Grewal J, Chen Z, Cernich AN, Grantz KL
JAMA Netw Open 2021 Dec 1;4(12):e2138414. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.38414. PMID: 34910153Free PMC Article
La Rosa M, Jauk V, Saade GR, Boggess K, Longo S, Clark EAS, Esplin S, Cleary K, Wapner R, Letson K, Owens MY, Blackwell S, Szychowski JM, Andrews W, Tita AT; Cesarean Section Optimal Antibiotic Prophylaxis Trial Consortium
Am J Perinatol 2019 Sep;36(11):1115-1119. Epub 2019 Mar 15 doi: 10.1055/s-0039-1683391. PMID: 30877684
Lieberman E
Clin Obstet Gynecol 2001 Sep;44(3):609-21. doi: 10.1097/00003081-200109000-00018. PMID: 11685885

Clinical prediction guides

Abu Shqara R, Bussidan S, Glikman D, Rechnitzer H, Lowenstein L, Frank Wolf M
Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2023 Jun;63(3):344-351. Epub 2022 Dec 4 doi: 10.1111/ajo.13630. PMID: 36464667
Gleason JL, Grewal J, Chen Z, Cernich AN, Grantz KL
JAMA Netw Open 2021 Dec 1;4(12):e2138414. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.38414. PMID: 34910153Free PMC Article
Yang H, Sun G, Tang F, Peng M, Gao Y, Peng J, Xie H, Zhao Y, Jin Z
J Infect 2020 Jul;81(1):e40-e44. Epub 2020 Apr 12 doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2020.04.003. PMID: 32294503Free PMC Article
Chen S, Liao E, Cao D, Gao Y, Sun G, Shao Y
J Med Virol 2020 Sep;92(9):1556-1561. Epub 2020 Apr 10 doi: 10.1002/jmv.25789. PMID: 32222119Free PMC Article
Sentilhes L, Vayssière C, Beucher G, Deneux-Tharaux C, Deruelle P, Diemunsch P, Gallot D, Haumonté JB, Heimann S, Kayem G, Lopez E, Parant O, Schmitz T, Sellier Y, Rozenberg P, d'Ercole C
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2013 Sep;170(1):25-32. Epub 2013 Jun 28 doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2013.05.015. PMID: 23810846

Recent systematic reviews

Pergialiotis V, Bellos I, Antsaklis A, Papapanagiotou A, Loutradis D, Daskalakis G
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2020 Sep;252:62-69. Epub 2020 Jun 10 doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2020.06.018. PMID: 32570187
Odibo AO, Elkousy M, Ural SH, Macones GA
Obstet Gynecol Surv 2003 Feb;58(2):130-6. doi: 10.1097/01.OGX.0000047740.21512.FC. PMID: 12555045

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