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Triceps weakness

MedGen UID:
810994
Concept ID:
C2230441
Finding
HPO: HP:0031108

Definition

A lack of strength in the triceps muscle, which normally is responsible for extending (straightening) the elbow and mediating certain shoulder movements. [from HPO]

Term Hierarchy

Conditions with this feature

Neuronopathy, distal hereditary motor, type 2D
MedGen UID:
854832
Concept ID:
C3888271
Disease or Syndrome
Autosomal dominant distal hereditary motor neuronopathy-6 (HMND6) is a neurologic disorder characterized by onset of slowly progressive distal lower limb weakness and atrophy between the second and fourth decades of life. Weakness usually begins in the calf muscles and later involves more proximal muscles. The severity is variable, and some patients have difficulty walking or running. Most also have upper limb involvement, particularly of the triceps and intrinsic hand muscles. Some patients may lose independent ambulation later in the disease course. Sensory impairment is typically not present, and cognition and bulbar function are normal (summary by Sumner et al., 2013). For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of autosomal dominant distal HMN (dHMN), see HMND1 (182960).
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, axonal, Type 2HH
MedGen UID:
1794213
Concept ID:
C5562003
Disease or Syndrome
Axonal Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2HH (CMT2HH) is an autosomal dominant peripheral neuropathy characterized predominantly by onset of vocal cord weakness resulting in stridor in infancy or early childhood. The vocal cord paresis remains throughout life and may be severe enough to require tracheostomy. Additional features of the disorder usually include pes cavus and scoliosis. Some patients have mild distal muscle weakness and atrophy primarily affecting the lower limbs, although the upper limbs may also be involved, and distal sensory impairment, often with hyporeflexia (Sullivan et al., 2020). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of axonal CMT, see CMT2A1 (118210).

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Ray PS, Kakarlapudi K, Rajsekhar C, Bhamra MS
Injury 2000 Nov;31(9):687-92. doi: 10.1016/s0020-1383(00)00076-0. PMID: 11084155

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Özenç B, Işık K, Odabaşı Z
Acta Neurol Taiwan 2024 Jun 30;33(2):73-75. PMID: 37848221
Maldonado AA, Dittman LE, Loosbrock MF, Bishop AT, Spinner RJ, Shin AY
World Neurosurg 2022 Nov;167:e1115-e1121. Epub 2022 Sep 17 doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2022.08.141. PMID: 36122860
Saadeh YS, Sabbagh MA, Smith BW, Joseph JR, Buckingham MJ
Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2020 Apr 1;18(4):E120. doi: 10.1093/ons/opz159. PMID: 31214699
Rizk AS
J Orthop Traumatol 2015 Jun;16(2):105-16. Epub 2015 Jan 22 doi: 10.1007/s10195-015-0334-2. PMID: 25608463Free PMC Article
Duquin TR, Jacobson JA, Schleck CD, Larson DR, Sanchez-Sotelo J, Morrey BF
Bone Joint J 2014 Jan;96-B(1):82-7. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.96B1.31127. PMID: 24395316

Diagnosis

Özenç B, Işık K, Odabaşı Z
Acta Neurol Taiwan 2024 Jun 30;33(2):73-75. PMID: 37848221
Kramer DE, Kerolus MG, Furlan K, Nag S, O'Toole JE
Neurol India 2022 May-Jun;70(3):1180-1186. doi: 10.4103/0028-3886.349607. PMID: 35864660
Na KT, Song SW, Lee YM, Choi JH
J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2018 May;27(5):887-893. Epub 2018 Feb 26 doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2018.01.005. PMID: 29496333
Celli A, Morrey BF
J Bone Joint Surg Am 2009 Jun;91(6):1414-8. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.G.00329. PMID: 19487519
van Riet RP, Morrey BF, Ho E, O'Driscoll SW
J Bone Joint Surg Am 2003 Oct;85(10):1961-7. doi: 10.2106/00004623-200310000-00015. PMID: 14563805

Therapy

Özenç B, Işık K, Odabaşı Z
Acta Neurol Taiwan 2024 Jun 30;33(2):73-75. PMID: 37848221
Koleilat I, Moore E, Hanover T, Eidt J
Vascular 2016 Apr;24(2):194-6. Epub 2015 Jan 6 doi: 10.1177/1708538114565694. PMID: 25564598
Duquin TR, Jacobson JA, Schleck CD, Larson DR, Sanchez-Sotelo J, Morrey BF
Bone Joint J 2014 Jan;96-B(1):82-7. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.96B1.31127. PMID: 24395316
Celli A, Morrey BF
J Bone Joint Surg Am 2009 Jun;91(6):1414-8. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.G.00329. PMID: 19487519
Pierce TD, Herndon JH
Clin Orthop Relat Res 1998 Sep;(354):144-52. doi: 10.1097/00003086-199809000-00017. PMID: 9755773

Prognosis

Maldonado AA, Dittman LE, Loosbrock MF, Bishop AT, Spinner RJ, Shin AY
World Neurosurg 2022 Nov;167:e1115-e1121. Epub 2022 Sep 17 doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2022.08.141. PMID: 36122860
Duquin TR, Jacobson JA, Schleck CD, Larson DR, Sanchez-Sotelo J, Morrey BF
Bone Joint J 2014 Jan;96-B(1):82-7. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.96B1.31127. PMID: 24395316
van Riet RP, Morrey BF, Ho E, O'Driscoll SW
J Bone Joint Surg Am 2003 Oct;85(10):1961-7. doi: 10.2106/00004623-200310000-00015. PMID: 14563805
Nukada H, Taylor PK, August SD
J Sports Med Phys Fitness 1996 Dec;36(4):287-90. PMID: 9062054
Blasier RD
Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ) 1996 Sep;25(9):621-4. PMID: 8886201

Clinical prediction guides

Maldonado AA, Dittman LE, Loosbrock MF, Bishop AT, Spinner RJ, Shin AY
World Neurosurg 2022 Nov;167:e1115-e1121. Epub 2022 Sep 17 doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2022.08.141. PMID: 36122860
Na KT, Song SW, Lee YM, Choi JH
J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2018 May;27(5):887-893. Epub 2018 Feb 26 doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2018.01.005. PMID: 29496333
Duquin TR, Jacobson JA, Schleck CD, Larson DR, Sanchez-Sotelo J, Morrey BF
Bone Joint J 2014 Jan;96-B(1):82-7. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.96B1.31127. PMID: 24395316
Burkhart KJ, Nijs S, Mattyasovszky SG, Wouters R, Gruszka D, Nowak TE, Rommens PM, Müller LP
J Trauma 2011 Sep;71(3):635-42. doi: 10.1097/TA.0b013e318216936e. PMID: 21768901
Celli A, Morrey BF
J Bone Joint Surg Am 2009 Jun;91(6):1414-8. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.G.00329. PMID: 19487519

Recent systematic reviews

Jakeman M, Borschel GH, Sharma P
Childs Nerv Syst 2023 Dec;39(12):3515-3520. Epub 2023 Jun 27 doi: 10.1007/s00381-023-06047-3. PMID: 37368067

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