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Hyperpigmented nevi and streak

MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
HPO: HP:0005606

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • CROGVHyperpigmented nevi and streak

Conditions with this feature

Angioosteohypertrophic syndrome
MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Disease or Syndrome
Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome is a condition that affects the development of blood vessels, soft tissues (such as skin and muscles), and bones. The disorder has three characteristic features: a red birthmark called a port-wine stain, abnormal overgrowth of soft tissues and bones, and vein malformations.\n\nMost people with Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome are born with a port-wine stain. This type of birthmark is caused by swelling of small blood vessels near the surface of the skin. Port-wine stains are typically flat and can vary from pale pink to deep maroon in color. In people with Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome, the port-wine stain usually covers part of one limb. The affected area may become lighter or darker with age. Occasionally, port-wine stains develop small red blisters that break open and bleed easily.\n\nKlippel-Trenaunay syndrome is also associated with overgrowth of bones and soft tissues beginning in infancy. Usually this abnormal growth is limited to one limb, most often one leg. However, overgrowth can also affect the arms or, rarely, the torso. The abnormal growth can cause pain, a feeling of heaviness, and reduced movement in the affected area. If the overgrowth causes one leg to be longer than the other, it can also lead to problems with walking.\n\nMalformations of veins are the third major feature of Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome. These abnormalities include varicose veins, which are swollen and twisted veins near the surface of the skin that often cause pain. Varicose veins usually occur on the sides of the upper legs and calves. Veins deep in the limbs can also be abnormal in people with Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome. Malformations of deep veins increase the risk of a type of blood clot called a deep vein thrombosis (DVT). If a DVT travels through the bloodstream and lodges in the lungs, it can cause a life-threatening blood clot known as a pulmonary embolism (PE).\n\nOther complications of Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome can include a type of skin infection called cellulitis, swelling caused by a buildup of fluid (lymphedema), and internal bleeding from abnormal blood vessels. Less commonly, this condition is also associated with fusion of certain fingers or toes (syndactyly) or the presence of extra digits (polydactyly).

Recent clinical studies


Lallas A, Paschou E, Manoli SM, Papageorgiou C, Spyridis I, Liopyris K, Bobos M, Moutsoudis A, Lazaridou E, Apalla Z
Ital J Dermatol Venerol 2021 Jun;156(3):274-288. Epub 2020 Dec 14 doi: 10.23736/S2784-8671.20.06784-X. PMID: 33314891
Skornšek N, Orešič Barač T, Marko PB
Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat 2017 Dec;26(4):119-120. doi: 10.15570/actaapa.2017.34. PMID: 29264905
Mendiratta V, Sharma RC, Arya L, Sardana K
J Dermatol 2001 Jan;28(1):58-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1346-8138.2001.tb00089.x. PMID: 11280469

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