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Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy 2(UCMD2)

MedGen UID:
899150
Concept ID:
C4225314
Disease or Syndrome
Synonym: UCMD2
 
Gene (location): COL12A1 (6q13-14.1)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0014654
OMIM®: 616470

Definition

Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy-2 (UCMD2) is a severe autosomal recessive disorder characterized by joint hypermobility, proximal contractures, and muscle weakness precluding ambulation (summary by Zou et al., 2014). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy, see UCMD1A (254090). [from OMIM]

Clinical features

From HPO
Areflexia
MedGen UID:
115943
Concept ID:
C0234146
Finding
Absence of neurologic reflexes such as the knee-jerk reaction.
Motor delay
MedGen UID:
381392
Concept ID:
C1854301
Finding
A type of Developmental delay characterized by a delay in acquiring motor skills.
Flexion contracture
MedGen UID:
83069
Concept ID:
C0333068
Anatomical Abnormality
A flexion contracture is a bent (flexed) joint that cannot be straightened actively or passively. It is thus a chronic loss of joint motion due to structural changes in muscle, tendons, ligaments, or skin that prevents normal movement of joints.
Facial palsy
MedGen UID:
87660
Concept ID:
C0376175
Disease or Syndrome
Facial nerve palsy is a dysfunction of cranial nerve VII (the facial nerve) that results in inability to control facial muscles on the affected side with weakness of the muscles of facial expression and eye closure. This can either be present in unilateral or bilateral form.
Kyphoscoliosis
MedGen UID:
154361
Concept ID:
C0575158
Anatomical Abnormality
An abnormal curvature of the spine in both a coronal (lateral) and sagittal (back-to-front) plane.
Congenital muscular dystrophy
MedGen UID:
147063
Concept ID:
C0699743
Disease or Syndrome
Congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) is a heterogeneous group of neuromuscular disorders with onset at birth or infancy characterized by hypotonia, muscle wasting, weakness or delayed motor milestones. The group includes myopathies with abnormalities at different cellular levels: the extracellular matrix (MDC1A, UCMD; see these terms), the dystrophin-associated glycoprotein complex (alphadystroglycanopathies, integrinopathies see these terms), the endoplasmic reticulum (rigid spine syndrome [RSMD1], and the nuclear envelope (LMNA-related CMD; [L-CMD] and Nesprin-1-related CMD; see these terms).
Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter
MedGen UID:
336019
Concept ID:
C1843700
Finding
An abnormally high degree of muscle fiber size variation. This phenotypic feature can be observed upon muscle biopsy.
Joint hypermobility
MedGen UID:
336793
Concept ID:
C1844820
Finding
The capability that a joint (or a group of joints) has to move, passively and/or actively, beyond normal limits along physiological axes.
Neonatal hypotonia
MedGen UID:
412209
Concept ID:
C2267233
Disease or Syndrome
Muscular hypotonia (abnormally low muscle tone) manifesting in the neonatal period.
Nocturnal hypoventilation
MedGen UID:
375246
Concept ID:
C1843643
Pathologic Function
An abnormal reduction in alveolar ventilation occuring during sleep. This is characterized by a rise in arterial carbon dioxide.
High palate
MedGen UID:
66814
Concept ID:
C0240635
Congenital Abnormality
Height of the palate more than 2 SD above the mean (objective) or palatal height at the level of the first permanent molar more than twice the height of the teeth (subjective).

Recent clinical studies

Diagnosis

Naghipoor K, Khosravi T, Oladnabi M
Mol Biol Rep 2023 Sep;50(9):7427-7435. Epub 2023 Jul 17 doi: 10.1007/s11033-023-08644-6. PMID: 37458870

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