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Epilepsy, idiopathic generalized, susceptibility to, 14(EIG14)

MedGen UID:
903934
Concept ID:
C4225245
Finding
Synonym: EIG14
 
Gene (location): SLC12A5 (20q13.12)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0014734
OMIM®: 616685

Clinical features

From HPO
Febrile seizure (within the age range of 3 months to 6 years)
MedGen UID:
3232
Concept ID:
C0009952
Disease or Syndrome
A febrile seizure is any type of seizure (most often a generalized tonic-clonic seizure) occurring with fever (at least 38 degrees Celsius) but in the absence of central nervous system infection, severe metabolic disturbance or other alternative precipitant in children between the ages of 3 months and 6 years.
Seizure
MedGen UID:
20693
Concept ID:
C0036572
Sign or Symptom
A seizure is an intermittent abnormality of nervous system physiology characterised by a transient occurrence of signs and/or symptoms due to abnormal excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain.
Bilateral tonic-clonic seizure
MedGen UID:
141670
Concept ID:
C0494475
Sign or Symptom
A bilateral tonic-clonic seizure is a seizure defined by a tonic (bilateral increased tone, lasting seconds to minutes) and then a clonic (bilateral sustained rhythmic jerking) phase.
Generalized myoclonic seizure
MedGen UID:
892704
Concept ID:
C4021759
Disease or Syndrome
A generalized myoclonic seizure is a type of generalized motor seizure characterised by bilateral, sudden, brief (<100 ms) involuntary single or multiple contraction of muscles or muscle groups of variable topography (axial, proximal limb, distal). Myoclonus is less regularly repetitive and less sustained than is clonus.
Generalized non-motor (absence) seizure
MedGen UID:
1385688
Concept ID:
C4316903
Disease or Syndrome
A generalized non-motor (absence) seizure is a type of a type of dialeptic seizure that is of electrographically generalized onset. It is a generalized seizure characterised by an interruption of activities, a blank stare, and usually the person will be unresponsive when spoken to. Any ictal motor phenomena are minor in comparison to these non-motor features.

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Arsov T, Mullen SA, Rogers S, Phillips AM, Lawrence KM, Damiano JA, Goldberg-Stern H, Afawi Z, Kivity S, Trager C, Petrou S, Berkovic SF, Scheffer IE
Ann Neurol 2012 Nov;72(5):807-15. doi: 10.1002/ana.23702. PMID: 23280796

Diagnosis

Arsov T, Mullen SA, Rogers S, Phillips AM, Lawrence KM, Damiano JA, Goldberg-Stern H, Afawi Z, Kivity S, Trager C, Petrou S, Berkovic SF, Scheffer IE
Ann Neurol 2012 Nov;72(5):807-15. doi: 10.1002/ana.23702. PMID: 23280796

Prognosis

Arsov T, Mullen SA, Rogers S, Phillips AM, Lawrence KM, Damiano JA, Goldberg-Stern H, Afawi Z, Kivity S, Trager C, Petrou S, Berkovic SF, Scheffer IE
Ann Neurol 2012 Nov;72(5):807-15. doi: 10.1002/ana.23702. PMID: 23280796

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