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Spermatogenic failure 16(SPGF16)

MedGen UID:
934641
Concept ID:
C4310674
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: ACEPHALIC SPERMATOZOA SYNDROME; SPGF16
 
Gene (location): SUN5 (20q11.21)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0014961
OMIM®: 617187

Definition

Spermatogenic failure-16 (SPGF16) is characterized by acephalic spermatozoa causing male infertility. Semen from affected men consistently shows nearly 100% abnormally shaped spermatozoa, mostly made up of headless tails, with a small proportion of intact spermatozoa with an abnormal head-tail junction, as well as a few tailless heads. Ultrastructurally, the anomaly involves absence of the implantation fossa and basal plate between the sperm head and the tail (summary by Zhu et al., 2016). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of spermatogenic failure, see SPGF1 (258150). [from OMIM]

Clinical features

From HPO
Male infertility
MedGen UID:
5796
Concept ID:
C0021364
Disease or Syndrome
The inability of the male to effect fertilization of an ovum after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Male sterility is permanent infertility.
Acephalic spermatozoa
MedGen UID:
868304
Concept ID:
C4022698
Disease or Syndrome
Spermatozoa with very small cranial ends devoid of any nuclear material, that is, lacking a typical sperm head.
Reduced sperm motility
MedGen UID:
907698
Concept ID:
C4082176
Finding
An abnormal reduction in the mobility of ejaculated sperm.

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Antonio L, Priskorn L, Olesen IA, Petersen JH, Vanderschueren D, Jørgensen N
Bone 2020 Jul;136:115366. Epub 2020 Apr 15 doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2020.115366. PMID: 32304878
Liu C, Zhao X, Mu C, Li H, Ma J, Jiao H, Huo Z
Hum Hered 2019;84(3):144-150. Epub 2019 Dec 5 doi: 10.1159/000504607. PMID: 31805572
Bryan ER, McLachlan RI, Rombauts L, Katz DJ, Yazdani A, Bogoevski K, Chang C, Giles ML, Carey AJ, Armitage CW, Trim LK, McLaughlin EA, Beagley KW
Hum Reprod 2019 Oct 2;34(10):1891-1898. doi: 10.1093/humrep/dez169. PMID: 31586185Free PMC Article
Lopes AM, Aston KI, Thompson E, Carvalho F, Gonçalves J, Huang N, Matthiesen R, Noordam MJ, Quintela I, Ramu A, Seabra C, Wilfert AB, Dai J, Downie JM, Fernandes S, Guo X, Sha J, Amorim A, Barros A, Carracedo A, Hu Z, Hurles ME, Moskovtsev S, Ober C, Paduch DA, Schiffman JD, Schlegel PN, Sousa M, Carrell DT, Conrad DF
PLoS Genet 2013 Mar;9(3):e1003349. Epub 2013 Mar 21 doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1003349. PMID: 23555275Free PMC Article
Abdelmoula NB, Sallemi A, Chakroun N, Keskes L, Amouri A, Rebai T
Arch Androl 2006 May-Jun;52(3):175-8. doi: 10.1080/01485010500316261. PMID: 16574598

Diagnosis

Bryan ER, McLachlan RI, Rombauts L, Katz DJ, Yazdani A, Bogoevski K, Chang C, Giles ML, Carey AJ, Armitage CW, Trim LK, McLaughlin EA, Beagley KW
Hum Reprod 2019 Oct 2;34(10):1891-1898. doi: 10.1093/humrep/dez169. PMID: 31586185Free PMC Article
Yin H, Ma H, Hussain S, Zhang H, Xie X, Jiang L, Jiang X, Iqbal F, Bukhari I, Jiang H, Ali A, Zhong L, Li T, Fan S, Zhang B, Gao J, Li Y, Nazish J, Khan T, Khan M, Zubair M, Hao Q, Fang H, Huang J, Huleihel M, Sha J, Pandita TK, Zhang Y, Shi Q
Genet Med 2019 Jan;21(1):62-70. Epub 2018 Jun 12 doi: 10.1038/s41436-018-0015-7. PMID: 29895858Free PMC Article
Hashemi MS, Mozdarani H, Ghaedi K, Nasr-Esfahani MH
Andrology 2018 Nov;6(6):890-895. Epub 2018 Jul 27 doi: 10.1111/andr.12528. PMID: 30054974
Dong Y, Pan Y, Wang R, Zhang Z, Xi Q, Liu RZ
Genet Mol Res 2015 Dec 7;14(4):16041-9. doi: 10.4238/2015.December.7.17. PMID: 26662397
Poongothai J, Gopenath TS, Manonayaki S
Singapore Med J 2009 Apr;50(4):336-47. PMID: 19421675

Therapy

Cannarella R, Caruso M, Crafa A, Timpanaro TA, Lo Bianco M, Presti S, Condorelli RA, La Vignera S, Calogero AE
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021;12:619895. Epub 2021 Apr 2 doi: 10.3389/fendo.2021.619895. PMID: 33868165Free PMC Article
Wang J, Wang W, Li S, Han Y, Zhang P, Meng G, Xiao Y, Xie L, Wang X, Sha J, Chen Q, Moore PK, Wang R, Xiang W, Ji Y
Antioxid Redox Signal 2018 Jun 1;28(16):1447-1462. Epub 2017 Oct 16 doi: 10.1089/ars.2016.6968. PMID: 28537489
Muraco HS, Coombs LD, Procter DG, Turek PJ, Muraco MJ
J Androl 2012 Sep-Oct;33(5):789-97. Epub 2011 Dec 29 doi: 10.2164/jandrol.111.015032. PMID: 22207706
Poongothai J, Gopenath TS, Manonayaki S
Singapore Med J 2009 Apr;50(4):336-47. PMID: 19421675
McLachlan RI, McDonald J, Rushford D, Robertson DM, Garrett C, Baker HW
Contraception 2000 Aug;62(2):73-8. doi: 10.1016/s0010-7824(00)00139-6. PMID: 11102590

Prognosis

Kasak L, Laan M
Hum Genet 2021 Jan;140(1):135-154. Epub 2020 Jan 18 doi: 10.1007/s00439-020-02112-y. PMID: 31955275
Antonio L, Priskorn L, Olesen IA, Petersen JH, Vanderschueren D, Jørgensen N
Bone 2020 Jul;136:115366. Epub 2020 Apr 15 doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2020.115366. PMID: 32304878
Arena S, Impellizzeri P, Fazzari C, Peri Flora M, Enrica A, Calabrese U, Centorrino A, Alibrandi A, Romeo C
Urol J 2020 Jun 23;17(4):391-396. doi: 10.22037/uj.v0i0.5351. PMID: 32207142
Olesen IA, Joensen UN, Petersen JH, Almstrup K, Rajpert-De Meyts E, Carlsen E, McLachlan R, Juul A, Jørgensen N
Hum Reprod 2018 Nov 1;33(11):1963-1974. doi: 10.1093/humrep/dey283. PMID: 30247578
Hashemi MS, Mozdarani H, Ghaedi K, Nasr-Esfahani MH
Andrology 2018 Nov;6(6):890-895. Epub 2018 Jul 27 doi: 10.1111/andr.12528. PMID: 30054974

Clinical prediction guides

Kasak L, Laan M
Hum Genet 2021 Jan;140(1):135-154. Epub 2020 Jan 18 doi: 10.1007/s00439-020-02112-y. PMID: 31955275
Antonio L, Priskorn L, Olesen IA, Petersen JH, Vanderschueren D, Jørgensen N
Bone 2020 Jul;136:115366. Epub 2020 Apr 15 doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2020.115366. PMID: 32304878
Olesen IA, Joensen UN, Petersen JH, Almstrup K, Rajpert-De Meyts E, Carlsen E, McLachlan R, Juul A, Jørgensen N
Hum Reprod 2018 Nov 1;33(11):1963-1974. doi: 10.1093/humrep/dey283. PMID: 30247578
Wang J, Wang W, Li S, Han Y, Zhang P, Meng G, Xiao Y, Xie L, Wang X, Sha J, Chen Q, Moore PK, Wang R, Xiang W, Ji Y
Antioxid Redox Signal 2018 Jun 1;28(16):1447-1462. Epub 2017 Oct 16 doi: 10.1089/ars.2016.6968. PMID: 28537489
Vijesh VV, Nambiar V, Mohammed SI, Sukumaran S, Suganthi R
Genet Test Mol Biomarkers 2015 Mar;19(3):150-5. Epub 2015 Jan 16 doi: 10.1089/gtmb.2014.0251. PMID: 25594150Free PMC Article

Recent systematic reviews

Chen P, Wang X, Xu C, Xiao H, Zhang WH, Wang XH, Zhang XH
Asian J Androl 2016 Jan-Feb;18(1):96-101. doi: 10.4103/1008-682X.153542. PMID: 25994644Free PMC Article

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