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Supraventricular tachycardia

MedGen UID:
52635
Concept ID:
C0039240
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: Supraventricular Tachycardia; Supraventricular Tachycardias; Tachycardia, Supraventricular; Tachycardias, Supraventricular
SNOMED CT: Supraventricular tachycardia (6456007); SVT - Supraventricular tachycardia (6456007)
 
HPO: HP:0004755

Definition

Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is an abnormally increased heart rate (over 100 beats per minute at rest) with origin above the level of the ventricles. [from HPO]

Conditions with this feature

Dilated cardiomyopathy 1E
MedGen UID:
331341
Concept ID:
C1832680
Disease or Syndrome
Any familial isolated dilated cardiomyopathy in which the cause of the disease is a mutation in the SCN5A gene.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 10
MedGen UID:
331754
Concept ID:
C1834460
Disease or Syndrome
Any hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in which the cause of the disease is a mutation in the MYL2 gene.
Scalp-ear-nipple syndrome
MedGen UID:
357183
Concept ID:
C1867020
Disease or Syndrome
Scalp-ear-nipple syndrome is characterized by aplasia cutis congenita of the scalp, breast anomalies that range from hypothelia or athelia to amastia, and minor anomalies of the external ears. Less frequent clinical characteristics include nail dystrophy, dental anomalies, cutaneous syndactyly of the digits, and renal malformations. Penetrance appears to be high, although there is substantial variable expressivity within families (Marneros et al., 2013).
Dilated cardiomyopathy 1AA
MedGen UID:
393713
Concept ID:
C2677338
Disease or Syndrome
Any familial isolated dilated cardiomyopathy in which the cause of the disease is a mutation in the ACTN2 gene.
Ogden syndrome
MedGen UID:
477078
Concept ID:
C3275447
Disease or Syndrome
Ogden syndrome (OGDNS) is an X-linked neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by postnatal growth failure, severely delayed psychomotor development, variable dysmorphic features, and hypotonia. Many patients also have cardiac malformations or arrhythmias (summary by Popp et al., 2015).
Atrial fibrillation, familial, 15
MedGen UID:
862706
Concept ID:
C4014269
Disease or Syndrome
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a supraventricular tachyarrhythmia characterized by uncoordinated atrial activation with consequent deterioration of atrial mechanical function. It is the most common sustained cardiac rhythm disturbance, and its prevalence increases as the population ages. An estimated 70,000 strokes each year are caused by atrial fibrillation (summary by Oberti et al., 2004). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of atrial fibrillation, see 608583.
Myopathy with abnormal lipid metabolism
MedGen UID:
934789
Concept ID:
C4310822
Disease or Syndrome
Lipid storage myopathy due to FLAD1 deficiency is an autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism that includes variable mitochondrial dysfunction. The phenotype is extremely heterogeneous: some patients have a severe disorder with onset in infancy and cardiac and respiratory insufficiency resulting in early death, whereas others have a milder course with onset of muscle weakness in adulthood. Some patients show significant improvement with riboflavin treatment (summary by Olsen et al., 2016).
Cardiomyopathy, dilated, 2I
MedGen UID:
1841321
Concept ID:
C5830685
Disease or Syndrome
Dilated cardiomyopathy-2I (CMD2I) is characterized by early-onset severe congestive heart failure. Some patients experience supraventricular tachycardia. Structural heart defects and nemaline bodies in cardiac and skeletal muscle have been observed (Aspit et al., 2019; Cheema et al., 2020; Gurunathan et al., 2022). For a general phenotypic description and discussion of genetic heterogeneity of dilated cardiomyopathy, see 115200.

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Kotadia ID, Williams SE, O'Neill M
Clin Med (Lond) 2020 Jan;20(1):43-47. doi: 10.7861/clinmed.cme.20.1.3. PMID: 31941731Free PMC Article
Brugada J, Katritsis DG, Arbelo E, Arribas F, Bax JJ, Blomström-Lundqvist C, Calkins H, Corrado D, Deftereos SG, Diller GP, Gomez-Doblas JJ, Gorenek B, Grace A, Ho SY, Kaski JC, Kuck KH, Lambiase PD, Sacher F, Sarquella-Brugada G, Suwalski P, Zaza A; ESC Scientific Document Group
Eur Heart J 2020 Feb 1;41(5):655-720. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehz467. PMID: 31504425
Link MS
N Engl J Med 2012 Oct 11;367(15):1438-48. doi: 10.1056/NEJMcp1111259. PMID: 23050527

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Moccetti F, Yadava M, Latifi Y, Strebel I, Pavlovic N, Knecht S, Asatryan B, Schaer B, Kühne M, Henrikson CA, Stephan FP, Osswald S, Sticherling C, Reichlin T
JACC Clin Electrophysiol 2022 Jul;8(7):831-839. Epub 2022 May 25 doi: 10.1016/j.jacep.2022.03.017. PMID: 35863808
Kotadia ID, Williams SE, O'Neill M
Clin Med (Lond) 2020 Jan;20(1):43-47. doi: 10.7861/clinmed.cme.20.1.3. PMID: 31941731Free PMC Article
Mahtani AU, Nair DG
Med Clin North Am 2019 Sep;103(5):863-879. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2019.05.007. PMID: 31378331
Appelboam A, Reuben A, Mann C, Gagg J, Ewings P, Barton A, Lobban T, Dayer M, Vickery J, Benger J; REVERT trial collaborators
Lancet 2015 Oct 31;386(10005):1747-53. Epub 2015 Aug 24 doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)61485-4. PMID: 26314489
Medi C, Kalman JM, Freedman SB
Med J Aust 2009 Mar 2;190(5):255-60. doi: 10.5694/j.1326-5377.2009.tb02388.x. PMID: 19296791

Diagnosis

Morady F
Heart Rhythm 2021 Apr;18(4):651-652. doi: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2020.11.010. PMID: 33795072
Kotadia ID, Williams SE, O'Neill M
Clin Med (Lond) 2020 Jan;20(1):43-47. doi: 10.7861/clinmed.cme.20.1.3. PMID: 31941731Free PMC Article
Mahtani AU, Nair DG
Med Clin North Am 2019 Sep;103(5):863-879. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2019.05.007. PMID: 31378331
Link MS
N Engl J Med 2012 Oct 11;367(15):1438-48. doi: 10.1056/NEJMcp1111259. PMID: 23050527
Veenhuyzen GD, Quinn FR, Wilton SB, Clegg R, Mitchell LB
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2011 Jun;34(6):767-82. Epub 2011 Mar 25 doi: 10.1111/j.1540-8159.2011.03076.x. PMID: 21438892

Therapy

Mandilaras G, Li P, Dalla-Pozza R, Haas NA, Oberhoffer FS
Cells 2022 Jan 31;11(3) doi: 10.3390/cells11030498. PMID: 35159306Free PMC Article
Mahtani AU, Nair DG
Med Clin North Am 2019 Sep;103(5):863-879. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2019.05.007. PMID: 31378331
Al-Zaiti SS, Magdic KS
Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am 2016 Sep;28(3):309-16. Epub 2016 Jun 7 doi: 10.1016/j.cnc.2016.04.005. PMID: 27484659
Appelboam A, Reuben A, Mann C, Gagg J, Ewings P, Barton A, Lobban T, Dayer M, Vickery J, Benger J; REVERT trial collaborators
Lancet 2015 Oct 31;386(10005):1747-53. Epub 2015 Aug 24 doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)61485-4. PMID: 26314489
Link MS
N Engl J Med 2012 Oct 11;367(15):1438-48. doi: 10.1056/NEJMcp1111259. PMID: 23050527

Prognosis

Kim EJ, Hoffmann TJ, Nah G, Vittinghoff E, Delling F, Marcus GM
JAMA Intern Med 2021 Sep 1;181(9):1185-1193. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.3616. PMID: 34279564Free PMC Article
Rehorn M, Sacks NC, Emden MR, Healey B, Preib MT, Cyr PL, Pokorney SD
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2021 Aug;32(8):2199-2206. Epub 2021 Jun 14 doi: 10.1111/jce.15109. PMID: 34028109
Sorgente A, Cappato R
Herzschrittmacherther Elektrophysiol 2019 Dec;30(4):363-370. Epub 2019 Nov 21 doi: 10.1007/s00399-019-00652-z. PMID: 31754784
Go AS, Hlatky MA, Liu TI, Fan D, Garcia EA, Sung SH, Solomon MD
J Am Heart Assoc 2018 Jul 7;7(14) doi: 10.1161/JAHA.118.008759. PMID: 29982228Free PMC Article
Colucci RA, Silver MJ, Shubrook J
Am Fam Physician 2010 Oct 15;82(8):942-52. PMID: 20949888

Clinical prediction guides

Michel M, Renaud C, Chiu-Man C, Gross G, Jaeggi E
Heart Rhythm 2022 Aug;19(8):1343-1349. Epub 2022 Apr 21 doi: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2022.04.013. PMID: 35462052
Demirci O, Tosun Ö, Bolat G
J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2022 Mar;51(3):102323. Epub 2022 Jan 19 doi: 10.1016/j.jogoh.2022.102323. PMID: 35063720
Kashou AH, Noseworthy PA, DeSimone CV, Deshmukh AJ, Asirvatham SJ, May AM
J Am Heart Assoc 2020 Jun 2;9(11):e016598. Epub 2020 May 19 doi: 10.1161/JAHA.120.016598. PMID: 32427020Free PMC Article
Schaeffer B, Stevenson WG
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2018 Jan;29(1):204-213. Epub 2017 Oct 31 doi: 10.1111/jce.13348. PMID: 28940739
Calabrò MP, Cerrito M, Luzza F, Oreto G
Curr Pharm Des 2008;14(8):723-8. doi: 10.2174/138161208784007761. PMID: 18393870

Recent systematic reviews

Fairley JL, Ross L, Quinlivan A, Hansen D, Paratz E, Stevens W, Kistler PM, McLellan A, La Gerche A, Nikpour M
Semin Arthritis Rheum 2023 Oct;62:152229. Epub 2023 Jun 19 doi: 10.1016/j.semarthrit.2023.152229. PMID: 37354723
Abuelazm M, Kambalapalli S, Saleh O, Elzeftawy MA, Albakri K, Gowaily I, Abdelazeem B
Am J Cardiovasc Drugs 2023 Jul;23(4):379-391. Epub 2023 Jun 23 doi: 10.1007/s40256-023-00592-7. PMID: 37351813Free PMC Article
Miyawaki IA, Gomes C, Caporal S Moreira V, R Marques I, A F de Souza I, H A Silva C, Riceto Loyola Júnior JE, Huh K, McDowell M, Padrao EMH, Tichauer MB, Gibson CM
Am J Cardiovasc Drugs 2023 Jul;23(4):341-353. Epub 2023 May 10 doi: 10.1007/s40256-023-00581-w. PMID: 37162718
Araújo CS, Silva CLB, da Silva Menezes Júnior A, Barbosa VA, de Almeida Laranjeira T, Fernandes JF, Gonçalves LC, Silva AMC
Curr Cardiol Rev 2022;18(3):e081221198647. doi: 10.2174/1573403X17666211208100151. PMID: 34879809Free PMC Article
Wang NC, Shen C, McLaughlin TJ, Li JZ, Hauspurg A, Berlacher KL, Bhonsale A, Jain SK, Kancharla K, Saba S
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2020 Nov;31(11):2982-2997. Epub 2020 Sep 21 doi: 10.1111/jce.14738. PMID: 32897619Free PMC Article

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