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Diamond-Blackfan anemia 8(DBA8)

MedGen UID:
390817
Concept ID:
C2675511
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: DBA8; RPS7-Related Diamond-Blackfan Anemia
 
Gene (location): RPS7 (2p25.3)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0012939
OMIM®: 612563

Disease characteristics

Excerpted from the GeneReview: Diamond-Blackfan Anemia
Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is characterized by a profound normochromic and usually macrocytic anemia with normal leukocytes and platelets, congenital malformations in up to 50%, and growth deficiency in 30% of affected individuals. The hematologic complications occur in 90% of affected individuals during the first year of life. The phenotypic spectrum ranges from a mild form (e.g., mild anemia or no anemia with only subtle erythroid abnormalities, physical malformations without anemia) to a severe form of fetal anemia resulting in nonimmune hydrops fetalis. DBA is associated with an increased risk for acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and solid tumors including osteogenic sarcoma. [from GeneReviews]
Authors:
Colin Sieff   view full author information

Additional description

From OMIM
Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is an inherited red blood cell aplasia that usually presents in the first year of life. The main features are normochromic macrocytic anemia, reticulocytopenia, and nearly absent erythroid progenitors in the bone marrow. Patients show growth retardation, and approximately 30 to 50% have craniofacial, upper limb, heart, and urinary system congenital malformations. The majority of patients have increased mean corpuscular volume, elevated erythrocyte adenosine deaminase activity, and persistence of hemoglobin F. However, some DBA patients do not exhibit these findings, and even in the same family, symptoms can vary between affected family members (summary by Landowski et al., 2013). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of Diamond-Blackfan anemia, see DBA1 (105650).  http://www.omim.org/entry/612563

Clinical features

From HPO
Short stature
MedGen UID:
87607
Concept ID:
C0349588
Finding
A height below that which is expected according to age and gender norms. Although there is no universally accepted definition of short stature, many refer to "short stature" as height more than 2 standard deviations below the mean for age and gender (or below the 3rd percentile for age and gender dependent norms).
Growth delay
MedGen UID:
99124
Concept ID:
C0456070
Pathologic Function
A deficiency or slowing down of growth pre- and postnatally.
Macrocytic anemia
MedGen UID:
1920
Concept ID:
C0002886
Disease or Syndrome
A type of anemia characterized by increased size of erythrocytes with increased mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and increased mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH).
Increased mean corpuscular volume
MedGen UID:
81303
Concept ID:
C0302845
Finding
Larger than normal size of erythrocytes.
Neutropenia
MedGen UID:
163121
Concept ID:
C0853697
Finding
An abnormally low number of neutrophils in the peripheral blood.
Thick upper lip vermilion
MedGen UID:
339521
Concept ID:
C1846423
Finding
Height of the vermilion of the upper lip in the midline more than 2 SD above the mean. Alternatively, an apparently increased height of the vermilion of the upper lip in the frontal view (subjective).
Wide nasal bridge
MedGen UID:
341441
Concept ID:
C1849367
Finding
Increased breadth of the nasal bridge (and with it, the nasal root).
Short nose
MedGen UID:
343052
Concept ID:
C1854114
Finding
Distance from nasion to subnasale more than two standard deviations below the mean, or alternatively, an apparently decreased length from the nasal root to the nasal tip.
Hypertelorism
MedGen UID:
9373
Concept ID:
C0020534
Finding
Although hypertelorism means an excessive distance between any paired organs (e.g., the nipples), the use of the word has come to be confined to ocular hypertelorism. Hypertelorism occurs as an isolated feature and is also a feature of many syndromes, e.g., Opitz G syndrome (see 300000), Greig cephalopolysyndactyly (175700), and Noonan syndrome (163950) (summary by Cohen et al., 1995).

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Russo R, Andolfo I, Manna F, Gambale A, Marra R, Rosato BE, Caforio P, Pinto V, Pignataro P, Radhakrishnan K, Unal S, Tomaiuolo G, Forni GL, Iolascon A
Am J Hematol 2018 May;93(5):672-682. Epub 2018 Feb 24 doi: 10.1002/ajh.25058. PMID: 29396846
Naithani R, Chandra J, Narayan S, Singh V, Dutta AK
Hematology 2006 Jun;11(3):193-5. doi: 10.1080/10245330600774777. PMID: 17325961
Dunbar CE, Smith DA, Kimball J, Garrison L, Nienhuis AW, Young NS
Br J Haematol 1991 Oct;79(2):316-21. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2141.1991.tb04540.x. PMID: 1958491

Curated

Vlachos A, Dahl N, Dianzani I, Lipton JM
Eur J Hum Genet 2011 May;19(5) Epub 2011 Jan 19 doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2010.247. PMID: 21248735Free PMC Article

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Aly NH, Elalfy MS, Elhabashy SA, Mowafy NM, Russo R, Andolfo I, Iolascon A, Ragab IA
Blood Cells Mol Dis 2023 Nov;103:102779. Epub 2023 Jul 16 doi: 10.1016/j.bcmd.2023.102779. PMID: 37558589
Wan Y, Gong X, Cheng S, Yin Z, Gao Y, Li J, Zong S, Zhang Y, Chen Y, Zheng R, Zhu X
J Pediatr 2022 Jan;240:177-185. Epub 2021 Sep 17 doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.09.015. PMID: 34543620
Kapralova K, Jahoda O, Koralkova P, Gursky J, Lanikova L, Pospisilova D, Divoky V, Horvathova M
Int J Mol Sci 2020 Dec 17;21(24) doi: 10.3390/ijms21249652. PMID: 33348919Free PMC Article
van Dooijeweert B, van Ommen CH, Smiers FJ, Tamminga RYJ, Te Loo MW, Donker AE, Peters M, Granzen B, Gille HJJP, Bierings MB, MacInnes AW, Bartels M
Eur J Haematol 2018 Feb;100(2):163-170. Epub 2017 Dec 1 doi: 10.1111/ejh.12995. PMID: 29114930
Smetanina NS, Mersiyanova IV, Kurnikova MA, Ovsyannikova GS, Hachatryan LA, Bobrynina VO, Maschan MA, Novichkova GA, Lipton JM, Maschan AA
Pediatr Blood Cancer 2015 Sep;62(9):1597-600. Epub 2015 May 6 doi: 10.1002/pbc.25534. PMID: 25946618Free PMC Article

Diagnosis

Volejnikova J, Vojta P, Urbankova H, Mojzíkova R, Horvathova M, Hochova I, Cermak J, Blatny J, Sukova M, Bubanska E, Feketeova J, Prochazkova D, Horakova J, Hajduch M, Pospisilova D
Blood Cells Mol Dis 2020 Mar;81:102380. Epub 2019 Nov 11 doi: 10.1016/j.bcmd.2019.102380. PMID: 31855845
Bao EL, Cheng AN, Sankaran VG
EMBO Mol Med 2019 Aug;11(8):e10316. Epub 2019 Jul 17 doi: 10.15252/emmm.201910316. PMID: 31313878Free PMC Article
van Dooijeweert B, van Ommen CH, Smiers FJ, Tamminga RYJ, Te Loo MW, Donker AE, Peters M, Granzen B, Gille HJJP, Bierings MB, MacInnes AW, Bartels M
Eur J Haematol 2018 Feb;100(2):163-170. Epub 2017 Dec 1 doi: 10.1111/ejh.12995. PMID: 29114930
Verlinsky Y, Rechitsky S, Sharapova T, Morris R, Taranissi M, Kuliev A
JAMA 2004 May 5;291(17):2079-85. doi: 10.1001/jama.291.17.2079. PMID: 15126435
Da Costa L, Willig TN, Fixler J, Mohandas N, Tchernia G
Curr Opin Pediatr 2001 Feb;13(1):10-5. doi: 10.1097/00008480-200102000-00002. PMID: 11176237

Therapy

Wan Y, Gong X, Cheng S, Yin Z, Gao Y, Li J, Zong S, Zhang Y, Chen Y, Zheng R, Zhu X
J Pediatr 2022 Jan;240:177-185. Epub 2021 Sep 17 doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.09.015. PMID: 34543620
Strahm B, Loewecke F, Niemeyer CM, Albert M, Ansari M, Bader P, Bertrand Y, Burkhardt B, Da Costa LM, Ferster A, Fischer A, Güngör T, Gruhn B, Hainmann I, Kapp F, Lang P, Müller I, Schulz A, Szvetnik A, Wlodarski M, Noellke P, Leblanc T, Dalle JH
Blood Adv 2020 Apr 28;4(8):1760-1769. doi: 10.1182/bloodadvances.2019001210. PMID: 32343795Free PMC Article
Maisonneuve E, Ben M'Barek I, Leblanc T, Da Costa L, Friszer S, Pernot F, Thomas P, Castaigne V, Toly N'Dour C, Mailloux A, Cortey A, Jouannic JM
Fetal Diagn Ther 2020;47(2):156-164. Epub 2019 Sep 10 doi: 10.1159/000501554. PMID: 31505487
Behfar M, Koochakzadeh L, Yazdanian N, Salajegheh P, Rostami T, Khodayari-Namini N, Ghavamzadeh A, Hamidieh AA
Turk J Pediatr 2019;61(3):407-412. doi: 10.24953/turkjped.2019.03.013. PMID: 31916719
Alessandri AJ, Rogers PC, Wadsworth LD, Davis JH
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2000 Mar-Apr;22(2):176-9. doi: 10.1097/00043426-200003000-00020. PMID: 10779036

Prognosis

Kapralova K, Jahoda O, Koralkova P, Gursky J, Lanikova L, Pospisilova D, Divoky V, Horvathova M
Int J Mol Sci 2020 Dec 17;21(24) doi: 10.3390/ijms21249652. PMID: 33348919Free PMC Article
Maisonneuve E, Ben M'Barek I, Leblanc T, Da Costa L, Friszer S, Pernot F, Thomas P, Castaigne V, Toly N'Dour C, Mailloux A, Cortey A, Jouannic JM
Fetal Diagn Ther 2020;47(2):156-164. Epub 2019 Sep 10 doi: 10.1159/000501554. PMID: 31505487
Behfar M, Koochakzadeh L, Yazdanian N, Salajegheh P, Rostami T, Khodayari-Namini N, Ghavamzadeh A, Hamidieh AA
Turk J Pediatr 2019;61(3):407-412. doi: 10.24953/turkjped.2019.03.013. PMID: 31916719
van Dooijeweert B, van Ommen CH, Smiers FJ, Tamminga RYJ, Te Loo MW, Donker AE, Peters M, Granzen B, Gille HJJP, Bierings MB, MacInnes AW, Bartels M
Eur J Haematol 2018 Feb;100(2):163-170. Epub 2017 Dec 1 doi: 10.1111/ejh.12995. PMID: 29114930
Pospisilova D, Cmejlova J, Ludikova B, Stary J, Cerna Z, Hak J, Timr P, Petrtylova K, Blatny J, Vokurka S, Cmejla R
Blood Cells Mol Dis 2012 Apr 15;48(4):209-18. Epub 2012 Mar 3 doi: 10.1016/j.bcmd.2012.02.002. PMID: 22381658

Clinical prediction guides

Bhoopalan SV, Yen JS, Mayuranathan T, Mayberry KD, Yao Y, Lillo Osuna MA, Jang Y, Liyanage JS, Blanc L, Ellis SR, Wlodarski MW, Weiss MJ
JCI Insight 2023 Jan 10;8(1) doi: 10.1172/jci.insight.161810. PMID: 36413407Free PMC Article
Wan Y, Gong X, Cheng S, Yin Z, Gao Y, Li J, Zong S, Zhang Y, Chen Y, Zheng R, Zhu X
J Pediatr 2022 Jan;240:177-185. Epub 2021 Sep 17 doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.09.015. PMID: 34543620
Kapralova K, Jahoda O, Koralkova P, Gursky J, Lanikova L, Pospisilova D, Divoky V, Horvathova M
Int J Mol Sci 2020 Dec 17;21(24) doi: 10.3390/ijms21249652. PMID: 33348919Free PMC Article
Volejnikova J, Vojta P, Urbankova H, Mojzíkova R, Horvathova M, Hochova I, Cermak J, Blatny J, Sukova M, Bubanska E, Feketeova J, Prochazkova D, Horakova J, Hajduch M, Pospisilova D
Blood Cells Mol Dis 2020 Mar;81:102380. Epub 2019 Nov 11 doi: 10.1016/j.bcmd.2019.102380. PMID: 31855845
van Dooijeweert B, van Ommen CH, Smiers FJ, Tamminga RYJ, Te Loo MW, Donker AE, Peters M, Granzen B, Gille HJJP, Bierings MB, MacInnes AW, Bartels M
Eur J Haematol 2018 Feb;100(2):163-170. Epub 2017 Dec 1 doi: 10.1111/ejh.12995. PMID: 29114930

Recent systematic reviews

Bollig C, Schell LK, Rücker G, Allert R, Motschall E, Niemeyer CM, Bassler D, Meerpohl JJ
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2017 Aug 15;8(8):CD007476. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007476.pub3. PMID: 28809446Free PMC Article

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