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Items: 5

1.

Arterial calcification, generalized, of infancy, 1

Generalized arterial calcification of infancy (GACI) is characterized by infantile onset of widespread arterial calcification and/or narrowing of large and medium-sized vessels resulting in cardiovascular findings (which can include heart failure, respiratory distress, edema, cyanosis, hypertension, and/or cardiomegaly). Additional findings can include typical skin and retinal manifestations of pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE), periarticular calcifications, development of rickets after infancy, cervical spine fusion, and hearing loss. While mortality in infancy is high, survival into the third and fourth decades has occurred. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
1631685
Concept ID:
C4551985
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Alkaptonuria

Alkaptonuria is caused by deficiency of homogentisate 1,2-dioxygenase, an enzyme that converts homogentisic acid (HGA) to maleylacetoacetic acid in the tyrosine degradation pathway. The three major features of alkaptonuria are dark urine or urine that turns dark on standing, ochronosis (bluish-black pigmentation in connective tissue), and arthritis of the spine and larger joints. Ochronosis generally occurs after age 30 years; arthritis often begins in the third decade. Other manifestations can include pigment in the sclera, ear cartilage, and skin of the hands; aortic or mitral valve calcification or regurgitation and occasionally aortic dilatation; renal stones; prostate stones; and hypothyroidism. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
1413
Concept ID:
C0002066
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Arterial calcification, generalized, of infancy, 2

Generalized arterial calcification of infancy (GACI) is characterized by infantile onset of widespread arterial calcification and/or narrowing of large and medium-sized vessels resulting in cardiovascular findings (which can include heart failure, respiratory distress, edema, cyanosis, hypertension, and/or cardiomegaly). Additional findings can include typical skin and retinal manifestations of pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE), periarticular calcifications, development of rickets after infancy, cervical spine fusion, and hearing loss. While mortality in infancy is high, survival into the third and fourth decades has occurred. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
477791
Concept ID:
C3276161
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Hereditary arterial and articular multiple calcification syndrome

Adult-onset calcification of the lower extremity arteries (CALJA), including the iliac, femoral, and tibial arteries, and hand and foot capsule joints, is an autosomal recessive condition that represents only the second mendelian disorder of isolated calcification (see generalized arterial calcification of infancy (GACI), 208000). Age of onset has been reported as early as the second decade of life, usually involving intense joint pain or calcification in the hands (St. Hilaire et al., 2011). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
347132
Concept ID:
C1859372
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Coronary artery calcification

An accumulation of calcium and phosphate in arteries with mineral deposits in the intimal or medial layer of the vessel wall in a coronary artery. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
345985
Concept ID:
C1611184
Finding; Pathologic Function
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