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1.

Symmetrical dyschromatosis of extremities

Dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria (DSH), also called symmetric dyschromatosis of the extremities and symmetric or reticulate acropigmentation of Dohi (Komaya, 1924), is characterized by hyperpigmented and hypopigmented macules on the face and dorsal aspects of the extremities that appear in infancy or early childhood. DSH generally shows an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance with high penetrance. The condition has been reported predominantly in Japanese and Chinese individuals. Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome-6 (AGS6; 615010) is an allelic disorder, and patients have been reported who exhibit features of both disorders. Review of Reticulate Pigment Disorders Muller et al. (2012) reviewed the spectrum of reticulate pigment disorders of the skin, tabulating all reported cases of patients with Dowling-Degos disease (see DDD1; 179850), reticulate acropigmentation of Kitamura (RAK; 615537), reticulate acropigmentation of Dohi (RAD), Galli-Galli disease (GGD), and Haber syndrome (HS). Of 82 cases, 26 (31.7%) were clinically diagnosed as DDD, 13 (15.9%) as RAD, 11 (13.4%) as GGD, 8 (9.8%) as RAK, and 8 (9.8%) as HS; in addition, 16 (19.5%) of the cases showed overlap between DDD and RAK. Muller et al. (2012) also published photographs of an affected individual exhibiting an overlap of clinical features of DDD, GGD, RAD, and RAK. The authors noted that in reticulate disorders of the skin, the main disease entity is DDD, with a subset of cases exhibiting acantholysis (GGD), facial erythema (HS), or an acral distribution (RAD; RAK). Muller et al. (2012) concluded that all reticulate pigment diseases of the skin are varying manifestations of a single entity. Genetic Heterogeneity of Reticulate Pigment Disorders For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of reticulate pigment disorders, see 179850. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
96071
Concept ID:
C0406775
Congenital Abnormality
2.

Dyschromatosis universalis hereditaria 1

Dyschromatosis universalis hereditaria (DUH) is a rare autosomal dominant genodermatosis characterized by irregularly shaped, asymptomatic hyper- and hypopigmented macules that appear in infancy or early childhood and occur in a generalized distribution over the trunk, limbs, and sometimes the face. Involvement of the palms or soles is unusual. Abnormalities of hair and nails have been reported, and DUH may be associated with abnormalities of dermal connective tissue, nerve tissue, or other systemic complications (summary by Zhang et al., 2013). The autosomal dominant SASH1-associated DUH1 phenotype is characterized by generalized lentigines accompanied by mottled hyper- and hypopigmentation (Zhang et al., 2017). DUH is distinct from dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria (DSH; 127400), which also occurs particularly in Japanese and Korean individuals, but shows a characteristic mixture of hyper- and hypopigmented macules limited largely to the dorsal aspects of the hands and feet (Suenaga, 1952). Gao et al. (2005) noted that lesions associated with DUH appear within the first year of life predominantly on the trunk, whereas the age of onset of DSH is approximately 6 years and lesions appear predominantly on the extremities. Genetic Heterogeneity of Dyschromatosis Universalis Hereditaria Dyschromatosis universalis hereditaria-2 (DUH2; 612715) maps to chromosome 12q21-q23. DUH3 (615402) is caused by mutation in the ABCB6 gene (605452) on chromosome 2q35. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
390864
Concept ID:
C2675711
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Hatipoglu immunodeficiency syndrome

Hatipoglu immunodeficiency syndrome (HATIS) is an autosomal recessive immunologic disorder characterized by childhood onset of failure to thrive, skin manifestations, pancytopenia, and susceptibility to recurrent infections (Harapas et al., 2022). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1841075
Concept ID:
C5830439
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Dowling-degos disease 3

Dowling-Degos disease-3 (DDD3) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by progressive spotted and reticulate pigmentation of the flexures (summary by Li et al., 2006). For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of Dowling-Degos disease, see DDD1 (179850). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
816616
Concept ID:
C3810286
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Hyperpigmented/hypopigmented macules

MedGen UID:
870431
Concept ID:
C4024877
Finding
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