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Items: 6

1.

Partial lipodystrophy, congenital cataracts, and neurodegeneration syndrome

Lipodystrophies are rare disorders characterized by loss of body fat from various regions and predisposition to metabolic complications of insulin resistance and lipid abnormalities. FPLD7 is an autosomal dominant disorder with a highly variable phenotype. Additional features, including early-onset cataracts and later onset of spasticity of the lower limbs, have been noted in some patients (summary by Garg et al., 2015). For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of familial partial lipodystrophy (FPLD), see 151660. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
813897
Concept ID:
C3807567
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Congenital disorder of deglycosylation 1

Individuals with NGLY1-related congenital disorder of deglycosylation (NGLY1-CDDG) typically display a clinical tetrad of developmental delay / intellectual disability in the mild to profound range, hypo- or alacrima, elevated liver transaminases that may spontaneously resolve in childhood, and a complex hyperkinetic movement disorder that can include choreiform, athetoid, dystonic, myoclonic, action tremor, and dysmetric movements. About half of affected individuals will develop clinical seizures. Other findings may include obstructive and/or central sleep apnea, oral motor defects that affect feeding ability, auditory neuropathy, constipation, scoliosis, and peripheral neuropathy. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
989503
Concept ID:
CN306977
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Torsion dystonia 4

Dystonia-4, also known as whispering dysphonia, is an autosomal dominant neurologic disorder characterized by onset in the second to third decade of progressive laryngeal dysphonia followed by the involvement of other muscles, such as the neck or limbs. Some patients develop an ataxic gait (summary by Hersheson et al., 2013). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
342124
Concept ID:
C1851943
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Keratosis pilaris atrophicans

Keratosis pilaris atrophicans (KPA) represents a group of rare genodermatoses characterized by perifollicular keratosis and inflammation that progresses to atrophy and scarring of the facial skin. Keratosis pilaris of extensor surfaces of limbs is a common associated finding. Affected individuals may present with features that overlap between 3 subtypes, keratosis pilaris atrophicans faciei (KPAF), keratosis follicularis spinulosa decalvans (KFSD), and atrophoderma vermiculata (AVA; see 209700) (summary by Klar et al., 2015). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
75520
Concept ID:
C0263428
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Deafness, cataract, impaired intellectual development, and polyneuropathy

Deafness, cataract, impaired intellectual development, and polyneuropathy (DCIDP) is characterized by early-onset of deafness, cataract, severe developmental delay, and severely impaired intellectual development. Patients later develop polyneuropathy of the lower extremities, associated with depigmentation of the hair in that area (Kroll-Hermi et al., 2020). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1781637
Concept ID:
C5543482
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Sunken cheeks

Lack or loss of the soft tissues between the zygomata and mandible. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
869726
Concept ID:
C4024154
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