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Items: 11

1.

Deafness-lymphedema-leukemia syndrome

Primary lymphedema with myelodysplasia, also known as Emberger syndrome, is a rare disorder characterized by childhood-onset lymphedema of the lower limbs, with lymphoscintigraphy suggestive of lymphatic vessel hypoplasia, and genital lymphatic abnormalities. Myelodysplasia is usually with monosomy 7. Multiple warts, deafness, and minor anomalies (mild hypotelorism, neck webbing, and slender fingers) may also be present (summary by Mansour et al., 2010). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
481294
Concept ID:
C3279664
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Epidermodysplasia verruciformis, susceptibility to, 1

Epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) is a rare genodermatosis associated with a high risk of skin cancer. EV results from an abnormal susceptibility to specific related human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes and to the oncogenic potential of some of them, mainly HPV5. Infection with EV-associated HPV leads to the early development of disseminated flat wart-like and pityriasis versicolor-like lesions. Patients are unable to reject their lesions, and cutaneous Bowen carcinomas in situ and invasive squamous cell carcinomas develop in about half of them, mainly on sun-exposed areas (summary by Ramoz et al., 2000). Genetic Heterogeneity of Susceptibility to Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis Susceptibility to EV2 (618231) is conferred by mutation in the TMC8 gene (605829) on chromosome 17q25; EV3 (618267) by mutation in the CIB1 gene (602293) on chromosome 15q26; EV4 (618307) by mutation in the RHOH gene (602037) on chromosome 4p13; and EV5 (618309) by mutation in the IL7 gene (146660) on chromosome 8q12. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1648341
Concept ID:
C4722564
Finding
3.

WHIM syndrome 1

WHIM syndrome-1 (WHIMS1) is an autosomal dominant immunologic disorder characterized by neutropenia, hypogammaglobulinemia, and warts due to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Despite the peripheral neutropenia, bone marrow aspirates from affected individuals contain abundant mature myeloid cells, a condition termed myelokathexis. The susceptibility to HPV is disproportionate compared with other immunodeficiency conditions (summary by Hernandez et al., 2003). Heusinkveld et al. (2019) provided a detailed review of the clinical features, proposed pathogenesis, and possible therapeutic treatments of WHIM syndrome. There is significant phenotypic variation among patients, such that some individuals may have an 'incomplete' form of the disorder in which one or more of the classic tetrad features are not present. In general, the WHIMS phenotype comprises a spectrum of manifestations with variable expressivity. The pathogenesis of WHIMS1 is postulated to result from impaired CXCL12 (600835)-induced internalization of CXCR4, resulting in prolonged receptor presence at the cell surface that likely contributes to amplification of signaling with a gain-of-function effect. Genetic Heterogeneity of WHIM Syndrome See also WHIMS2 (619407), caused by mutation in the CXCR2 gene (146928) on chromosome 2q35. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1778124
Concept ID:
C5542296
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Combined immunodeficiency due to STK4 deficiency

Immunodeficiency-110 (IMD110) is an autosomal recessive primary T-cell immunodeficiency syndrome characterized by progressive loss of naive T cells, recurrent bacterial, viral, and fungal infections, warts, and abscesses, and autoimmune manifestations. Patients are at risk for developing lymphoproliferative disorders or lymphoma, particularly associated with EBV. Some patients may show cardiac malformations, including atrial septal defect (Abdollahpour et al., 2012; Nehme et al., 2012). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
766857
Concept ID:
C3553943
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Epidermodysplasia verruciformis, susceptibility to, 3

Epidermodysplasia verruciformis-3 (EV3) is characterized by onset in childhood or early adulthood of persistent disseminated flat warts and pityriasis versicolor-like lesions of the skin that are induced by cutaneous human papillomaviruses (HPVs) of the beta genus. Some patients develop nonmelanoma skin cancer, particularly on areas of the body exposed to the sun. Patients are otherwise healthy and normally resistant to other microorganisms, including other viruses and skintropic pathogens, and even all other cutaneous and mucosal HPVs (de Jong et al., 2018). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of susceptibility to epidermodysplasia verruciformis, see EV1 (226400). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1648390
Concept ID:
C4748876
Finding
6.

Severe combined immunodeficiency due to CARMIL2 deficiency

Immunodeficiency-58 is an autosomal recessive primary immunologic disorder characterized by early-onset skin lesions, including eczematous dermatitis, infectious abscesses, and warts, recurrent respiratory infections or allergies, and chronic persistent infections with candida, Molluscum contagiosum, mycobacteria, EBV, bacteria, and viruses. Some patients may have gastrointestinal involvement, including inflammatory bowel disease, EBV+ smooth muscle tumors, and esophagitis. Immunologic analysis shows defective T-cell function with decreased Treg cells and deficient CD3/CD28 costimulation responses in both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. B-cell function may also be impaired (summary by Wang et al., 2016 and Alazami et al., 2018). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1648422
Concept ID:
C4748304
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Immunodeficiency due to ficolin3 deficiency

Individuals with ficolin-3 deficiency have highly variable manifestations and a variable age of symptom onset. Some patients may show increased susceptibility to infection in the perinatal or neonatal period, whereas others may show autoimmune features as adults. Ficolin-3, also known as H-ficolin, can activate the lectin pathway of the complement system; deficiency may thus lead to defects in the complement system (summary by Munthe-Fog et al., 2009 and Michalski et al., 2015). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of lectin complement activation pathway defects, see LCAPD1 (614372). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
462576
Concept ID:
C3151226
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Epidermodysplasia verruciformis, susceptibility to, 5

Epidermodysplasia verruciformis-5 is an autosomal recessive immunologic disorder characterized by onset of warts and verrucous or plaque-like skin lesions associated with HPV infection. Immunologic workup shows T-cell lymphopenia, particularly affecting CD4+ T cells. There is an increased risk of skin malignancy, and some patients may have other symptoms of immune dysfunction (summary by Horev et al., 2015). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of susceptibility to epidermodysplasia verruciformis, see EV1 (226400). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1648489
Concept ID:
C4749043
Finding
9.

Immunodeficiency 70

Immunodeficiency-70 (IMD70) is an autosomal dominant immunologic disorder characterized by severe cutaneous warts on the hands, feet, and face, suggesting increased susceptibility to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Affected individuals may also have recurrent bacterial infections, such as sinusitis, as well as feature of autoinflammation, such as colitis, celiac disease, and retinal vasculitis. Laboratory studies show decreased CD4+ T cells and decreased CD19+ B cells; hypogammaglobulinemia has also been observed (summary by Thaventhiran et al., 2020). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1740270
Concept ID:
C5436501
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Immunodeficiency 102

Immunodeficiency-102 (IMD102) is an X-linked recessive immunologic disorder characterized by the onset of recurrent sinopulmonary, mucosal, and other infections in early childhood, usually accompanied by refractory autoimmune cytopenias. Affected individuals have bacterial, viral, and fungal infections, as well as hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, lymphopenia, and decreased NK cells. Laboratory studies show defective T-cell proliferation and function, likely due to signaling abnormalities. The disorder may also manifest as a hyperinflammatory state with immune dysregulation (Delmonte et al., 2021). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1812534
Concept ID:
C5676886
Disease or Syndrome
11.

Verrucae

Warts, benign growths on the skin or mucous membranes that cause cosmetic problems as well as pain and discomfort. Warts most often occur on the hands, feet, and genital areas. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
777120
Concept ID:
C3665596
Disease or Syndrome; Finding
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