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Cerebral Palsy

A heterogeneous group of nonprogressive motor disorders caused by chronic brain injuries that originate in the prenatal period, perinatal period, or first few years of life. The four major subtypes are spastic, athetoid, ataxic, and mixed cerebral palsy, with spastic forms being the most common. The motor disorder may range from difficulties with fine motor control to severe spasticity (see MUSCLE SPASTICITY) in all limbs. Spastic diplegia (Little disease) is the most common subtype, and is characterized by spasticity that is more prominent in the legs than in the arms. Pathologically, this condition may be associated with LEUKOMALACIA, PERIVENTRICULAR. (From Dev Med Child Neurol 1998 Aug;40(8):520-7)

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Tree Number(s): C10.

MeSH Unique ID: D002547

Entry Terms:

  • CP (Cerebral Palsy)
  • Little Disease
  • Diplegia, Spastic
  • Little's Disease
  • Spastic Diplegia
  • Diplegias, Spastic
  • Spastic Diplegias
  • Cerebral Palsy, Atonic
  • Atonic Cerebral Palsy
  • Cerebral Palsy, Hypotonic
  • Hypotonic Cerebral Palsies
  • Hypotonic Cerebral Palsy
  • Cerebral Palsy, Athetoid
  • Athetoid Cerebral Palsy
  • Cerebral Palsies, Athetoid
  • Cerebral Palsy, Dyskinetic
  • Cerebral Palsies, Dyskinetic
  • Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy
  • Monoplegic Cerebral Palsy
  • Cerebral Palsies, Monoplegic
  • Cerebral Palsy, Monoplegic
  • Monoplegic Cerebral Palsies
  • Cerebral Palsy, Quadriplegic, Infantile
  • Infantile Cerebral Palsy, Quadriplegic
  • Quadriplegic Infantile Cerebral Palsy
  • Cerebral Palsy, Congenital
  • Congenital Cerebral Palsy
  • Cerebral Palsy, Diplegic, Infantile
  • Diplegic Infantile Cerebral Palsy
  • Infantile Cerebral Palsy, Diplegic
  • Cerebral Palsy, Dystonic-Rigid
  • Cerebral Palsies, Dystonic-Rigid
  • Cerebral Palsy, Dystonic Rigid
  • Dystonic-Rigid Cerebral Palsies
  • Dystonic-Rigid Cerebral Palsy
  • Cerebral Palsy, Mixed
  • Mixed Cerebral Palsies
  • Mixed Cerebral Palsy
  • Cerebral Palsy, Rolandic Type
  • Rolandic Type Cerebral Palsy
  • Cerebral Palsy, Spastic
  • Spastic Cerebral Palsies
  • Spastic Cerebral Palsy
  • Cerebral Palsy, Monoplegic, Infantile
  • Infantile Cerebral Palsy, Monoplegic
  • Monoplegic Infantile Cerebral Palsy

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