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Hepatic Encephalopathy

A syndrome characterized by central nervous system dysfunction in association with LIVER FAILURE, including portal-systemic shunts. Clinical features include lethargy and CONFUSION (frequently progressing to COMA); ASTERIXIS; NYSTAGMUS, PATHOLOGIC; brisk oculovestibular reflexes; decorticate and decerebrate posturing; MUSCLE SPASTICITY; and bilateral extensor plantar reflexes (see REFLEX, BABINSKI). ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY may demonstrate triphasic waves. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1117-20; Plum and Posner, Diagnosis of Stupor and Coma, 3rd ed, p222-5)

Year introduced: 1984

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Tree Number(s): C06.552.308.500.356, C10., C18.452.132.360

MeSH Unique ID: D006501

Entry Terms:

  • Encephalopathies, Hepatic
  • Hepatic Encephalopathies
  • Encephalopathy, Hepatic
  • Portal-Systemic Encephalopathy
  • Portal Systemic Encephalopathy
  • Encephalopathy, Portal-Systemic
  • Encephalopathies, Portal-Systemic
  • Encephalopathy, Portal Systemic
  • Portal-Systemic Encephalopathies
  • Encephalopathy, Portosystemic
  • Hepatocerebral Encephalopathy
  • Portosystemic Encephalopathy
  • Encephalopathies, Portosystemic
  • Portosystemic Encephalopathies
  • Encephalopathy, Hepatocerebral
  • Encephalopathies, Hepatocerebral
  • Hepatocerebral Encephalopathies
  • Hepatic Coma
  • Coma, Hepatic
  • Comas, Hepatic
  • Hepatic Comas
  • Hepatic Stupor
  • Hepatic Stupors
  • Stupor, Hepatic
  • Stupors, Hepatic
  • Fulminant Hepatic Failure with Cerebral Edema

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