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A benign pituitary-region neoplasm that originates from Rathke's pouch. The two major histologic and clinical subtypes are adamantinous (or classical) craniopharyngioma and papillary craniopharyngioma. The adamantinous form presents in children and adolescents as an expanding cystic lesion in the pituitary region. The cystic cavity is filled with a black viscous substance and histologically the tumor is composed of adamantinomatous epithelium and areas of calcification and necrosis. Papillary craniopharyngiomas occur in adults, and histologically feature a squamous epithelium with papillations. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch14, p50)

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Tree Number(s): C04.557.465.625.200, C04.557.580.625.200

MeSH Unique ID: D003397

Entry Terms:

  • Craniopharyngiomas
  • Neoplasm, Rathke Cleft
  • Neoplasm, Rathke's Cleft
  • Neoplasm, Rathkes Cleft
  • Rathke Cleft Neoplasm
  • Rathke Pouch Tumor
  • Tumor, Rathke Pouch
  • Rathke's Cleft Neoplasm
  • Rathkes Cleft Neoplasm
  • Rathke's Pouch Tumor
  • Rathkes Pouch Tumor
  • Tumor, Rathke's Pouch
  • Craniopharyngioma, Adamantinous
  • Adamantinous Craniopharyngioma
  • Adamantinous Craniopharyngiomas
  • Craniopharyngiomas, Adamantinous
  • Craniopharyngioma, Papillary
  • Craniopharyngiomas, Papillary
  • Papillary Craniopharyngioma
  • Papillary Craniopharyngiomas
  • Craniopharyngioma, Adult
  • Adult Craniopharyngioma
  • Adult Craniopharyngiomas
  • Craniopharyngiomas, Adult
  • Craniopharyngioma, Child
  • Child Craniopharyngioma
  • Child Craniopharyngiomas
  • Craniopharyngiomas, Child

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